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qfile

Section: qfile (1)
Updated: Mar 2014
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

qfile - list all pkgs owning files  

SYNOPSIS

qfile <opts> <filename>  

DESCRIPTION

 

OPTIONS

-S, --slots
Display installed packages with slots
-R, --root-prefix
Assume arguments are already prefixed by $ROOT
-f <arg>, --from <arg>
Read arguments from file <arg> ("-" for stdin)
-m <arg>, --max-args <arg>
Treat from file arguments by groups of <arg> (defaults to 5000)
-b, --basename
Match any component of the path
-o, --orphans
List orphan files
-x <arg>, --exclude <arg>
Don't look in package <arg> (used with --orphans)
-e, --exact
Exact match (used with --exclude)
--root <arg>
Set the ROOT env var
-v, --verbose
Make a lot of noise
-q, --quiet
Tighter output; suppress warnings
-C, --nocolor
Don't output color
-h, --help
Print this help and exit
-V, --version
Print version and exit
 

FINDING FILES OWNERS

This is the default behavior of qfile. It will list the packages which own the files (or directories, or symlinks, or anything else Portage can install) you are querying. Query items may be file paths or simple file names. By default, output includes packages names and the complete paths to the matching files. If using --exact, versions of the packages will also be shown. At the contrary, when using --quiet, only package names are listed, without files paths. Finally, --verbose is similar to --exact, but may adds a few warnings. The return status of qfile will be 0 as soon as an owning package has been found for one of the query items.

Find names of package(s) owning "/bin/bash":

        $ qfile -q /bin/bash
        app-shells/bash

Find package(s) owning any file named "bash", and show paths of this files:

        $ qfile bash
        app-shells/bash (/bin/bash)
        app-shells/bash (/etc/bash)

Find packages(s) owning the file named "bash" in the current directory. Also display their exact version:

        $ cd /bin
        $ qfile -e ./bash
        app-shells/bash-3.1_p17 (/bin/bash)

Find the package(s) owning the libraries needed by the Bash binary:

        $ qfile $(scanelf -nq -F%n#F /bin/bash | tr , '\n')
        sys-libs/ncurses (/lib/libncurses.so.5)
        sys-libs/glibc (/lib/libdl.so.2)
        sys-libs/glibc (/lib/libc.so.6)
 

FINDING ORPHAN FILES

qfile can also, with the --orphans option, find files which are not owned by any package. This behavior is the opposite of the usual file owner search: the output is the list of query items for which no reference has been found in your installed packages database. The --exact option has no effect in this mode, whereas --verbose may add a few warning messages. As for --quiet, it will completly turn off the output, leaving just a silent test command, which returns 0 if and only if there was no orphan in your query items.

Find the orphan libtool files of your system:

        $ qfile -o $(find /lib /usr/lib -name "*.la")
        /usr/lib/libGL.la

Find the libraries needed by the binary "foo" which have not been installed by any package:

        $ qfile -o $(scanelf -nq -F%n#F /path/to/foo | tr , '\n')
        libinstalledmanually.so.2

 

$ROOT HANDLING

By setting the ROOT environment variable, you can force qfile to work in the sytem of your choice. This example shows queries for owner of "/bin/sh", first on your main system, and then on a system mounted on "/mnt":

        $ qfile -q /bin/sh
        app-shells/bash
        $ ROOT=/mnt qfile -q /bin/sh
        sys-apps/busybox

Note that the query item is "/bin/sh" in both commands: by default, what qfile looks for is file paths as they are recorded in the packages database of the target system, and this paths don't include $ROOT. If, at the contrary, you want to query files with their current actual paths (including the mount point), you should add the --root-prefix (-R) option:

        $ ROOT=/mnt qfile -Rq /mnt/bin/sh
        sys-apps/busybox

The other difference beetween defaults and -R queries is the output of files paths. The former doesn't include the $ROOT prefix, and the later does:

        $ ROOT=/mnt qfile sh
        sys-apps/busybox (/bin/sh)
        $ ROOT=/mnt qfile -R sh
        sys-apps/busybox (/mnt/bin/sh)

Sure, the same differences hold when querying for orphan files:

        $ ROOT=/mnt qfile -o $(ls /mnt/bin/ | sed 's:^/mnt::')
        /bin/dostuff.sh
        $ ROOT=/mnt qfile -Ro /mnt/bin/*
        /mnt/bin/dostuff.sh
 

READING ARGUMENTS FROM A FILE/STDIN

When you try to launch qfile with a large number of arguments, you may hit the following shell error:

        $ qfile -o $(find /usr/lib)
        bash: ./qfile: Argument list too long

To avoid that, you must use the --from (-f) option, which allows reading your arguments list in a file:

        $ find /usr/lib > ~/usr-lib.list
        $ qfile -o -f ~/usr-lib.list
        /usr/lib/libMagick-5.5.7-Q16.so.0.0.0
        /usr/lib/libGL.so
        ...

Your arguments list must be formatted with one file per line, and without any kind of garbage (no leading or trailing space, no empty line, etc.). The default find output format is just fine in general.

You can also read the arguments list from standard input with the "-" pseudo filename, which is useful with shell pipes:

        $ find /usr/lib | qfile -o -f -
        /usr/lib/libMagick-5.5.7-Q16.so.0.0.0
        /usr/lib/libGL.so
        ...

Here is an other example of use. This script lists some files which may be orphan config files left behind by Portage after uninstallation or upgrade of some packages:

        #!/bin/bash
        SEARCH_PATHS="$(portageq envvar CONFIG_PROTECT)"
        SEARCH_MASK="$(portageq envvar CONFIG_PROTECT_MASK) \
                /etc/runlevels /etc/portage \
                /etc/ssl/certs /etc/ssh \
                /etc/bash_completion.d /etc/cups"
        for path in ${SEARCH_MASK} ; do
                EXCLUDE="${EXCLUDE} -not -path ${path}/*"
        done
        set -f
        find ${SEARCH_PATHS} ${EXCLUDE} | qfile -o -f -

IMPORTANT: this script is just a quick example. Do not blindly delete the files it will list!

When reading arguments from a file or from stdin, qfile will, for performances reasons, treat then by groups of 5000 (search owners of the 5000 first files, then of the 5000 following ones, etc.). This magic value should be fine in most cases, but you can change it if you really want, using the --max-args option (-m). Using a greater value will eat a bit more memory, but may be a bit faster for really big queries. Be careful though, using some stupidly high or low value can completly kill the performances. In short, you probably don't want to touch this option.

 

SEARCHING FOR FILE COLLISIONS

A last option of qfile is --exclude (-x), which will makes it skip one particular package when doing its files owners search. This option takes one argument, which can be a package name (bash or app-shells/bash), or a versioned package (bash-3.2_p9-r1 or app-shells/bash-3.2_p9-r1), or a slotted package (bash:0 or app-shells/bash:0). It is useful for finding file collisions beetween packages (ie., comparing the contents of one package with the contents of all the others).

For example, the following script will search collisions beetween all your installed packages. Be careful, this will takes time:

        #!/bin/bash
        cd $(portageq vdb_path)
        for pkg in *-*/*-* ; do
                [[ -f ${pkg}/CONTENTS ]] || continue
                collisions=$(sed -n \
                                '/^obj\|^sym/s:^... \([^ ]\+\).*:1:p' \
                                ${pkg}/CONTENTS \
                        | qfile -e -x ${pkg} -f -)
                [[ -n ${collisions} ]] \
                        && echo ">>> ${pkg}:" \
                        && echo "${collisions}"
        done

An other example is the following script, which can be used to check that a binary package (.tbz2) has no conflict with any of your installed packages, but the one it may replace (same name and slot), if any:

#!/bin/bash
pkgver=$(basename "${1}")
pkgver=${pkgver%%.tbz2}
pn=$(qatom ${pkgver} | cut -d\  -f2)
tmpdir=$(mktemp -t -d) || exit 1
tarbz2=${tmpdir}/${pkgver}.tar.bz2
xpak=${tmpdir}/${pkgver}.xpak
qtbz2 -s "${1}" "${tarbz2}" "${xpak}"
categ=$(qxpak -O -x "${xpak}" CATEGORY)
slot=$(qxpak -O -x "${xpak}" SLOT)
tar tjf "${tarbz2}" \
        | sed -e 's:^\./:/:' -e '\:/$:d' \
        | qfile -e -f - -x ${categ}/${pn}:${slot}
rm -rf "${tmpdir}"

 

ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTORS

TGL degrenier[at]easyconnect.fr
 

REPORTING BUGS

Please report bugs via http://bugs.gentoo.org/
Product: Portage Development; Component: Tools  

AUTHORS

Ned Ludd <solar@gentoo.org>
Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
 

SEE ALSO

q(1), qatom(1), qcache(1), qcheck(1), qdepends(1), qgrep(1), qlist(1), qlop(1), qmerge(1), qpkg(1), qsearch(1), qsize(1), qtbz2(1), quse(1), qxpak(1)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
FINDING FILES OWNERS
FINDING ORPHAN FILES
$ROOT HANDLING
READING ARGUMENTS FROM A FILE/STDIN
SEARCHING FOR FILE COLLISIONS
ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTORS
REPORTING BUGS
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO


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