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PERLTOC

Section: Perl Programmers Reference Guide (1)
Updated: 2017-08-16
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

perltoc - perl documentation table of contents  

DESCRIPTION

This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl documentation set. It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped through to locate the proper section you're looking for.  

BASIC DOCUMENTATION

 

perl - The Perl 5 language interpreter

SYNOPSIS
GETTING HELP
Overview
Tutorials
Reference Manual
Internals and C Language Interface
Miscellaneous
Language-Specific
Platform-Specific
Stubs for Deleted Documents
DESCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
ENVIRONMENT
AUTHOR
FILES
SEE ALSO
DIAGNOSTICS
BUGS
NOTES
 

perlintro --- a brief introduction and overview of Perl

DESCRIPTION
What is Perl?
Running Perl programs
Safety net
Basic syntax overview
Perl variable types
Scalars, Arrays, Hashes
Variable scoping
Conditional and looping constructs
if, while, for, foreach
Builtin operators and functions
Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison, Boolean logic, Miscellaneous
Files and I/O
Regular expressions
Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex regular expressions, Parentheses for capturing, Other regexp features
Writing subroutines
OO Perl
Using Perl modules
AUTHOR
 

perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
#! and quoting on non-Unix systems
OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, VMS
Location of Perl
Command Switches
-0[octal/hexadecimal] , -a , -C [number/list] , -c , -d , -dt, -d:MOD[=bar,baz] , -dt:MOD[=bar,baz], -Dletters , -Dnumber, -e commandline , -E commandline , -f
 , -Fpattern , -h , -i[extension] , -Idirectory , -l[octnum] , -m[-]module , -M[-]module, -M[-]'module ...', -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n , -p , -s , -S , -t , -T , -u , -U , -v , -V , -V:configvar, -w , -W , -X , -x , -xdirectory
ENVIRONMENT
HOME , LOGDIR , PATH , PERL5LIB , PERL5OPT , PERLIO , :bytes , :crlf , :mmap , :perlio , :pop , :raw , :stdio , :unix , :utf8 , :win32 , PERLIO_DEBUG , PERLLIB , PERL5DB , PERL5DB_THREADED , PERL5SHELL (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_ALLOW_NON_IFS_LSP (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS , PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL , PERL_DL_NONLAZY , PERL_ENCODING , PERL_HASH_SEED , PERL_PERTURB_KEYS , PERL_HASH_SEED_DEBUG , PERL_MEM_LOG , PERL_ROOT (specific to the VMS port) , PERL_SIGNALS , PERL_UNICODE , SYS$LOGIN (specific to the VMS port)
 

perlreftut - Mark's very short tutorial about references

DESCRIPTION
Who Needs Complicated Data Structures?
The Solution
Syntax
Making References
Using References
An Example
Arrow Rule
Solution
The Rest
Summary
Credits
Distribution Conditions
 

perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook

DESCRIPTION
arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes, hashes of hashes, more elaborate constructs
REFERENCES
COMMON MISTAKES
CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS use strict
DEBUGGING
CODE EXAMPLES
ARRAYS OF ARRAYS
Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
HASHES OF ARRAYS
Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS
ARRAYS OF HASHES
Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES
HASHES OF HASHES
Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES
MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
Database Ties
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

perllol - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
Growing Your Own
Access and Printing
Slices
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

perlrequick - Perl regular expressions quick start

DESCRIPTION
The Guide
Simple word matching
Using character classes
Matching this or that
Grouping things and hierarchical matching
Extracting matches
Matching repetitions
More matching
Search and replace
The split operator
use re 'strict'
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
Acknowledgments
 

perlretut - Perl regular expressions tutorial

DESCRIPTION
Part 1: The basics
Simple word matching
Using character classes
Matching this or that
Grouping things and hierarchical matching
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Extracting matches
Backreferences
Relative backreferences
Named backreferences
Alternative capture group numbering
Position information
Non-capturing groupings
Matching repetitions
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Possessive quantifiers
Building a regexp
Using regular expressions in Perl
Part 2: Power tools
More on characters, strings, and character classes
Compiling and saving regular expressions
Composing regular expressions at runtime
Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
Looking ahead and looking behind
Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking
Conditional expressions
Defining named patterns
Recursive patterns
A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
Backtracking control verbs
Pragmas and debugging
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
Acknowledgments
 

perlootut - Object-Oriented Programming in Perl Tutorial

DATE
DESCRIPTION
OBJECT-ORIENTED FUNDAMENTALS
Object
Class
Methods
Attributes
Polymorphism
Inheritance
Encapsulation
Composition
Roles
When to Use OO
PERL OO SYSTEMS
Moose
Declarative sugar, Roles built-in, A miniature type system, Full introspection and manipulation, Self-hosted and extensible, Rich ecosystem, Many more features
Class::Accessor
Class::Tiny
Role::Tiny
OO System Summary
Moose, Class::Accessor, Class::Tiny, Role::Tiny
Other OO Systems
CONCLUSION
 

perlperf - Perl Performance and Optimization Techniques

DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW
ONE STEP SIDEWAYS
ONE STEP FORWARD
ANOTHER STEP SIDEWAYS
GENERAL GUIDELINES
BENCHMARKS
Assigning and Dereferencing Variables.
Search and replace or tr
PROFILING TOOLS
Devel::DProf
Devel::Profiler
Devel::SmallProf
Devel::FastProf
Devel::NYTProf
SORTING
Elapsed Real Time, User CPU Time, System CPU Time
LOGGING
Logging if DEBUG (constant)
POSTSCRIPT
SEE ALSO
PERLDOCS
MAN PAGES
MODULES
URLS
AUTHOR
 

perlstyle - Perl style guide

DESCRIPTION
 

perlcheat - Perl 5 Cheat Sheet

DESCRIPTION
The sheet
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary

DESCRIPTION
Awk Traps
C/C++ Traps
JavaScript Traps
Sed Traps
Shell Traps
Perl Traps
 

perldebtut - Perl debugging tutorial

DESCRIPTION
use strict
Looking at data and -w and v
help
Stepping through code
Placeholder for a, w, t, T
REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
OUTPUT TIPS
CGI
GUIs
SUMMARY
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
 

perlfaq - frequently asked questions about Perl

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
Where to find the perlfaq
How to use the perlfaq
How to contribute to the perlfaq
What if my question isn't answered in the FAQ?
TABLE OF CONTENTS
perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl, perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl, perlfaq3 - Programming Tools, perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation, perlfaq5 - Files and Formats, perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions, perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues, perlfaq8 - System Interaction, perlfaq9 - Web, Email and Networking
THE QUESTIONS
perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
perlfaq3: Programming Tools
perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
perlfaq5: Files and Formats
perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
perlfaq8: System Interaction
perlfaq9: Web, Email and Networking
CREDITS
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
What is Perl?
Who supports Perl? Who develops it? Why is it free?
Which version of Perl should I use?
What are Perl 4, Perl 5, or Perl 6?
What is Perl 6?
How stable is Perl?
How often are new versions of Perl released?
Is Perl difficult to learn?
How does Perl compare with other languages like Java, Python, REXX, Scheme, or Tcl?
Can I do [task] in Perl?
When shouldn't I program in Perl?
What's the difference between perl and Perl?
What is a JAPH?
How can I convince others to use Perl?
<http://www.perl.org/about.html>, <http://perltraining.com.au/whyperl.html>
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
What machines support Perl? Where do I get it?
How can I get a binary version of Perl?
I don't have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl interpreter?
I copied the Perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts don't work.
I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make it work?
What modules and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN?
Where can I get information on Perl?
<http://www.perl.org/>, <http://perldoc.perl.org/>, <http://learn.perl.org/>
What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
<http://www.perl.org/>, <http://learn.perl.org/>, <http://jobs.perl.org/>, <http://lists.perl.org/>
Where can I post questions?
Perl Books
Which magazines have Perl content?
Which Perl blogs should I read?
What mailing lists are there for Perl?
Where can I buy a commercial version of Perl?
Where do I send bug reports?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq3 - Programming Tools

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
How do I do (anything)?
Basics, perldata - Perl data types, perlvar - Perl pre-defined variables, perlsyn - Perl syntax, perlop - Perl operators and precedence, perlsub - Perl subroutines, Execution, perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter, perldebug - Perl debugging, Functions, perlfunc - Perl builtin functions, Objects, perlref - Perl references and nested data structures, perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables), perlobj - Perl objects, perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple variable, Data Structures, perlref - Perl references and nested data structures, perllol - Manipulating arrays of arrays in Perl, perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook, Modules, perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables), perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones, Regexes, perlre - Perl regular expressions, perlfunc - Perl builtin functions>, perlop - Perl operators and precedence, perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization), Moving to perl5, perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary, perl, Linking with C, perlxstut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs, perlxs - XS language reference manual, perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C, perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API, perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program, Various
How can I use Perl interactively?
How do I find which modules are installed on my system?
How do I debug my Perl programs?
How do I profile my Perl programs?
How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?
Eclipse, Enginsite, Kephra, Komodo, Notepad++, Open Perl IDE, OptiPerl, Padre, PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, Visual Perl, Zeus, GNU Emacs, MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Jed, Vim, Vile, MultiEdit, SlickEdit, ConTEXT, bash, zsh, BBEdit and TextWrangler
Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
Where can I get perl-mode or cperl-mode for emacs?
How can I use curses with Perl?
How can I write a GUI (X, Tk, Gtk, etc.) in Perl?
Tk, Wx, Gtk and Gtk2, Win32::GUI, CamelBones, Qt, Athena
How can I make my Perl program run faster?
How can I make my Perl program take less memory?
Don't slurp!, Use map and grep selectively, Avoid unnecessary quotes and stringification, Pass by reference, Tie large variables to disk
Is it safe to return a reference to local or lexical data?
How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?
How can I make my CGI script more efficient?
How can I hide the source for my Perl program?
How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?
How can I get #!perl to work on [MS-DOS,NT,...]?
Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
Why don't Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?
Where can I learn about linking C with Perl?
I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed perl in my C program; what am I doing wrong?
When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does it mean?
What's MakeMaker?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
Data: Numbers
Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead of the numbers I should be getting (eg, 19.95)?
Why is int() broken?
Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?
Does Perl have a round() function? What about ceil() and floor()? Trig functions?
How do I convert between numeric representations/bases/radixes?
How do I convert hexadecimal into decimal, How do I convert from decimal to hexadecimal, How do I convert from octal to decimal, How do I convert from decimal to octal, How do I convert from binary to decimal, How do I convert from decimal to binary
Why doesn't & work the way I want it to?
How do I multiply matrices?
How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
How can I output Roman numerals?
Why aren't my random numbers random?
How do I get a random number between X and Y?
Data: Dates
How do I find the day or week of the year?
How do I find the current century or millennium?
How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
How can I find the Julian Day?
How do I find yesterday's date?
Does Perl have a Year 2000 or 2038 problem? Is Perl Y2K compliant?
Data: Strings
How do I validate input?
How do I unescape a string?
How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
How do I expand function calls in a string?
How do I find matching/nesting anything?
How do I reverse a string?
How do I expand tabs in a string?
How do I reformat a paragraph?
How can I access or change N characters of a string?
How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring within a string?
How do I capitalize all the words on one line?
How can I split a [character]-delimited string except when inside [character]?
How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a string?
How do I pad a string with blanks or pad a number with zeroes?
How do I extract selected columns from a string?
How do I find the soundex value of a string?
How can I expand variables in text strings?
What's wrong with always quoting $vars?
Why don't my <<HERE documents work?
There must be no space after the << part, There (probably) should be a semicolon at the end of the opening token, You can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag, There needs to be at least a line separator after the end token
Data: Arrays
What is the difference between a list and an array?
What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a list or array?
How do I compute the difference of two arrays? How do I compute the intersection of two arrays?
How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
How do I find the first array element for which a condition is true?
How do I handle linked lists?
How do I handle circular lists?
How do I shuffle an array randomly?
How do I process/modify each element of an array?
How do I select a random element from an array?
How do I permute N elements of a list?
How do I sort an array by (anything)?
How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?
Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)
How do I process an entire hash?
How do I merge two hashes?
What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while iterating over it?
How do I look up a hash element by value?
How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
How can I always keep my hash sorted?
What's the difference between delete and undef with hashes?
Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into it?
Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash create it?
How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++ class/hash or array of hashes or arrays?
How can I use a reference as a hash key?
How can I check if a key exists in a multilevel hash?
How can I prevent addition of unwanted keys into a hash?
Data: Misc
How do I handle binary data correctly?
How do I determine whether a scalar is a number/whole/integer/float?
How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
How do I define methods for every class/object?
How do I verify a credit card checksum?
How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq5 - Files and Formats

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle? Why must I do this?
How do I change, delete, or insert a line in a file, or append to the beginning of a file?
How do I count the number of lines in a file?
How do I delete the last N lines from a file?
How can I use Perl's -i option from within a program?
How can I copy a file?
How do I make a temporary file name?
How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine? How do I pass filehandles between subroutines? How do I make an array of filehandles?
How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
How can I write() into a string?
How can I open a filehandle to a string?
How can I output my numbers with commas added?
How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
Why do I sometimes get an Argument list too long when I use <*>?
How can I open a file with a leading > or trailing blanks?
How can I reliably rename a file?
How can I lock a file?
Why can't I just open(FH, >file.lock)?
I still don't get locking. I just want to increment the number in the file. How can I do this?
All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end of a file. Do I still have to use locking?
How do I randomly update a binary file?
How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?
How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?
How do I print to more than one file at once?
How can I read in an entire file all at once?
How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
How can I read a single character from a file? From the keyboard?
How can I tell whether there's a character waiting on a filehandle?
How do I do a tail -f in perl?
How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
How do I close a file descriptor by number?
Why can't I use C:\temp\foo in DOS paths? Why doesn't `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?
Why doesn't glob(*.*) get all the files?
Why does Perl let me delete read-only files? Why does -i clobber protected files? Isn't this a bug in Perl?
How do I select a random line from a file?
Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
How do I traverse a directory tree?
How do I delete a directory tree?
How do I copy an entire directory?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating illegible and unmaintainable code?
Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the Regex, Different Delimiters
I'm having trouble matching over more than one line. What's wrong?
How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are themselves on different lines?
How do I match XML, HTML, or other nasty, ugly things with a regex?
I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn't work. What's wrong?
How do I substitute case-insensitively on the LHS while preserving case on the RHS?
How can I make \w match national character sets?
How can I match a locale-smart version of /[a-zA-Z]/?
How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
What is /o really for?
How do I use a regular expression to strip C-style comments from a file?
Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
What does it mean that regexes are greedy? How can I get around it?
How do I process each word on each line?
How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency summary?
How can I do approximate matching?
How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
Why don't word-boundary searches with \b work for me?
Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?
What good is \G in a regular expression?
Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs? Are they POSIX compliant?
What's wrong with using grep in a void context?
How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
How do I match a regular expression that's in a variable?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know when to use them?
Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons and commas?
How do I skip some return values?
How do I temporarily block warnings?
What's an extension?
Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C operators?
How do I declare/create a structure?
How do I create a module?
How do I adopt or take over a module already on CPAN?
How do I create a class?
How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
What's a closure?
What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash, Method, Regex}?
Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles, Passing Regexes, Passing Methods
How do I create a static variable?
What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static) scoping? Between local() and my()?
How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named lexical is in scope?
What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?
Why doesn't my($foo) = <$fh>; work right?
How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
What's the difference between calling a function as &foo and foo()?
How do I create a switch or case statement?
How can I catch accesses to undefined variables, functions, or methods?
Why can't a method included in this same file be found?
How can I find out my current or calling package?
How can I comment out a large block of Perl code?
How do I clear a package?
How can I use a variable as a variable name?
What does bad interpreter mean?
Do I need to recompile XS modules when there is a change in the C library?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq8 - System Interaction

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
How do I find out which operating system I'm running under?
How come exec() doesn't return?
How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
Keyboard, Screen, Mouse
How do I print something out in color?
How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
How do I clear the screen?
How do I get the screen size?
How do I ask the user for a password?
How do I read and write the serial port?
lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output, non-blocking input
How do I decode encrypted password files?
How do I start a process in the background?
STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zombies
How do I trap control characters/signals?
How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
How do I set the time and date?
How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
How can I measure time under a second?
How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception handling)
Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)? What does the error message Protocol not supported mean?
How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?
Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?
How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?
How can I call backticks without shell processing?
Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D on Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
How can I convert my shell script to perl?
Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
How can I write expect in Perl?
Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs such as ps?
I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl script. How come the change disappeared when I exited the script? How do I get my changes to be visible?
Unix
How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for it to complete?
How do I fork a daemon process?
How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?
How do I timeout a slow event?
How do I set CPU limits?
How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?
How do I use an SQL database?
How do I make a system() exit on control-C?
How do I open a file without blocking?
How do I tell the difference between errors from the shell and perl?
How do I install a module from CPAN?
What's the difference between require and use?
How do I keep my own module/library directory?
How do I add the directory my program lives in to the module/library search path?
How do I add a directory to my include path (@INC) at runtime?
the "PERLLIB" environment variable, the "PERL5LIB" environment variable, the "perl -Idir" command line flag, the "lib" pragma:, the local::lib module:
Where are modules installed?
What is socket.ph and where do I get it?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlfaq9 - Web, Email and Networking

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
Should I use a web framework?
Which web framework should I use?
Catalyst, Dancer, Mojolicious, Web::Simple
What is Plack and PSGI?
How do I remove HTML from a string?
How do I extract URLs?
How do I fetch an HTML file?
How do I automate an HTML form submission?
How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
How do I redirect to another page?
How do I put a password on my web pages?
How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form that causes my CGI script to do bad things?
How do I parse a mail header?
How do I check a valid mail address?
How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
How do I find the user's mail address?
How do I send email?
Email::Sender::Transport::Sendmail, Email::Sender::Transport::SMTP, Email::Sender::Transport::SMTP::TLS
How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
How do I read email?
How do I find out my hostname, domainname, or IP address?
How do I fetch/put an (S)FTP file?
How can I do RPC in Perl?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlsyn - Perl syntax

DESCRIPTION
Declarations
Comments
Simple Statements
Truth and Falsehood
Statement Modifiers
Compound Statements
Loop Control
For Loops
Foreach Loops
Basic BLOCKs
Switch Statements
Goto
The Ellipsis Statement
PODs: Embedded Documentation
Plain Old Comments (Not!)
Experimental Details on given and when
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
 

perldata - Perl data types

DESCRIPTION
Variable names
Identifier parsing
Context
Scalar values
Scalar value constructors
List value constructors
Subscripts
Multi-dimensional array emulation
Slices
Typeglobs and Filehandles
SEE ALSO
 

perlop - Perl operators and precedence

DESCRIPTION
Operator Precedence and Associativity
Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
The Arrow Operator
Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
Exponentiation
Symbolic Unary Operators
Binding Operators
Multiplicative Operators
Additive Operators
Shift Operators
Named Unary Operators
Relational Operators
Equality Operators
Smartmatch Operator
1. Empty hashes or arrays match, 2. That is, each element smartmatches the element of the same index in the other array.[3], 3. If a circular reference is found, fall back to referential equality, 4. Either an actual number, or a string that looks like one
Bitwise And
Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
C-style Logical And
C-style Logical Or
Logical Defined-Or
Range Operators
Conditional Operator
Assignment Operators
Comma Operator
List Operators (Rightward)
Logical Not
Logical And
Logical or and Exclusive Or
C Operators Missing From Perl
unary &, unary *, (TYPE)
Quote and Quote-like Operators
[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]
Regexp Quote-Like Operators
"qr/STRING/msixpodualn" , "m/PATTERN/msixpodualngc"
        
 , "/PATTERN/msixpodualngc", The empty pattern "//", Matching in list context, "\G assertion", "m?PATTERN?msixpodualngc"
 , "?PATTERN?msixpodualngc", "s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/msixpodualngcer"
Quote-Like Operators
"q/STRING/" , 'STRING', "qq/STRING/" , "STRING", "qx/STRING/" , "`STRING`", "qw/STRING/" , "tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr"
  , "y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr""<<EOF"    , Double Quotes, Single Quotes, Backticks
Gory details of parsing quoted constructs
Finding the end, Interpolation , "<<'EOF'", "m''", the pattern of "s'''", '', "q//", "tr'''", "y'''", the replacement of "s'''", "tr///", "y///", "", "``", "qq//", "qx//", "<file*glob>", "<<"EOF"", the replacement of "s///", "RE" in "?RE?", "/RE/", "m/RE/", "s/RE/foo/",, parsing regular expressions , Optimization of regular expressions
I/O Operators
Constant Folding
No-ops
Bitwise String Operators
Integer Arithmetic
Floating-point Arithmetic
Bigger Numbers
 

perlsub - Perl subroutines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
documented later in this document, documented in perlmod, documented in perlobj, documented in perltie, documented in PerlIO::via, documented in perlfunc, documented in UNIVERSAL, documented in perldebguts, undocumented, used internally by the overload feature
Signatures
Private Variables via my()
Persistent Private Variables
Temporary Values via local()
Lvalue subroutines
Lexical Subroutines
Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
When to Still Use local()
Pass by Reference
Prototypes
Constant Functions
Overriding Built-in Functions
Autoloading
Subroutine Attributes
SEE ALSO
 

perlfunc - Perl builtin functions

DESCRIPTION
Perl Functions by Category
Functions for SCALARs or strings , Regular expressions and pattern matching , Numeric functions , Functions for real @ARRAYs , Functions for list data , Functions for real %HASHes , Input and output functions
  , Functions for fixed-length data or records, Functions for filehandles, files, or directories
   , Keywords related to the control flow of your Perl program , Keywords related to scoping, Miscellaneous functions, Functions for processes and process groups
  , Keywords related to Perl modules , Keywords related to classes and object-orientation
 , Low-level socket functions  , System V interprocess communication functions
  , Fetching user and group info 
      , Fetching network info , Time-related functions , Non-function keywords
Portability
Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
-X FILEHANDLE , -X EXPR, -X DIRHANDLE, -X, abs VALUE , abs, accept NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET , alarm SECONDS , alarm, atan2 Y,X , bind SOCKET,NAME , binmode FILEHANDLE, LAYER
 , binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME , bless REF, break, caller EXPR , caller, chdir EXPR , chdir FILEHANDLE, chdir DIRHANDLE, chdir, chmod LIST , chomp VARIABLE , chomp( LIST ), chomp, chop VARIABLE , chop( LIST ), chop, chown LIST , chr NUMBER , chr, chroot FILENAME , chroot, close FILEHANDLE , close, closedir DIRHANDLE , connect SOCKET,NAME , continue BLOCK , continue, cos EXPR , cos, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT
     
  , dbmclose HASH , dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MASK , defined EXPR , defined, delete EXPR , die LIST , do BLOCK , do EXPR , dump LABEL , dump EXPR, dump, each HASH , each ARRAY , eof FILEHANDLE , eof (), eof, eval EXPR , eval BLOCK, eval, evalbytes EXPR , evalbytes, exec LIST , exec PROGRAM LIST, exists EXPR , exit EXPR , exit, exp EXPR , exp, fc EXPR , fc, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , __FILE__ , fileno FILEHANDLE , flock FILEHANDLE,OPERATION , fork , format , formline PICTURE,LIST , getc FILEHANDLE , getc, getlogin , getpeername SOCKET , getpgrp PID , getppid
 , getpriority WHICH,WHO   , getpwnam NAME
    
   
    
    
    
 , getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getprotobyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockname SOCKET , getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME , glob EXPR
 , glob, gmtime EXPR   , gmtime, goto LABEL , goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK LIST , grep EXPR,LIST, hex EXPR , hex, import LIST , index STR,SUBSTR,POSITION , index STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR
  , int, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , join EXPR,LIST , keys HASH , keys ARRAY, kill SIGNAL, LIST, kill SIGNAL , last LABEL , last EXPR, last, lc EXPR , lc, If "use bytes" is in effect:, Otherwise, if "use locale" for "LC_CTYPE" is in effect:, Otherwise, If EXPR has the UTF8 flag set:, Otherwise, if "use feature 'unicode_strings'" or "use locale ':not_characters'" is in effect:, Otherwise:, lcfirst EXPR , lcfirst, length EXPR , length, __LINE__ , link OLDFILE,NEWFILE , listen SOCKET,QUEUESIZE , local EXPR , localtime EXPR , localtime, lock THING , log EXPR
   , log, lstat FILEHANDLE , lstat EXPR, lstat DIRHANDLE, lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST , map EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILENAME,MASK , mkdir FILENAME, mkdir, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG , msgget KEY,FLAGS , msgrcv ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS , msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS , my VARLIST , my TYPE VARLIST, my VARLIST : ATTRS, my TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, next LABEL , next EXPR, next, no MODULE VERSION LIST , no MODULE VERSION, no MODULE LIST, no MODULE, no VERSION, oct EXPR , oct, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR , open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open FILEHANDLE, opendir DIRHANDLE,EXPR , ord EXPR , ord, our VARLIST , our TYPE VARLIST, our VARLIST : ATTRS, our TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, pack TEMPLATE,LIST , package NAMESPACE, package NAMESPACE VERSION , package NAMESPACE BLOCK, package NAMESPACE VERSION BLOCK , __PACKAGE__ , pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE , pop ARRAY , pop, pos SCALAR , pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST , print FILEHANDLE, print LIST, print, printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST , printf FILEHANDLE, printf FORMAT, LIST, printf, prototype FUNCTION , prototype, push ARRAY,LIST , q/STRING/, qq/STRING/, qw/STRING/, qx/STRING/, qr/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR , quotemeta, rand EXPR , rand, read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE , readline EXPR, readline , readlink EXPR , readlink, readpipe EXPR, readpipe , recv SOCKET,SCALAR,LENGTH,FLAGS , redo LABEL , redo EXPR, redo, ref EXPR , ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME , require VERSION , require EXPR, require, reset EXPR , reset, return EXPR , return, reverse LIST , rewinddir DIRHANDLE , rindex STR,SUBSTR,POSITION , rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME , rmdir, s///, say FILEHANDLE LIST , say FILEHANDLE, say LIST, say, scalar EXPR , seek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE , seekdir DIRHANDLE,POS , select FILEHANDLE , select, select RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT , semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG , semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS , semop KEY,OPSTRING , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp PID,PGRP , setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY
  , setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL , shift ARRAY , shift, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG , shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS , shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE , shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown SOCKET,HOW , sin EXPR , sin, sleep EXPR , sleep, socket SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , socketpair SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , sort SUBNAME LIST , sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST , splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH, splice ARRAY,OFFSET, splice ARRAY, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT , split /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf FORMAT, LIST , format parameter index, flags, vector flag, (minimum) width, precision, or maximum width , size, order of arguments, sqrt EXPR , sqrt, srand EXPR , srand, stat FILEHANDLE , stat EXPR, stat DIRHANDLE, stat, state VARLIST , state TYPE VARLIST, state VARLIST : ATTRS, state TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, study SCALAR , study, sub NAME BLOCK , sub NAME (PROTO) BLOCK, sub NAME : ATTRS BLOCK, sub NAME (PROTO) : ATTRS BLOCK, __SUB__ , substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT , substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH, substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE , syscall NUMBER, LIST , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE , system LIST , system PROGRAM LIST, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell FILEHANDLE , tell, telldir DIRHANDLE , tie VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST , tied VARIABLE , time , times , tr///, truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH , truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR , uc, ucfirst EXPR , ucfirst, umask EXPR , umask, undef EXPR , undef, unlink LIST
 , unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR , unpack TEMPLATE, unshift ARRAY,LIST , untie VARIABLE , use Module VERSION LIST , use Module VERSION, use Module LIST, use Module, use VERSION, utime LIST , values HASH , values ARRAY, vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS , wait , waitpid PID,FLAGS , wantarray , warn LIST , write FILEHANDLE , write EXPR, write, y///
Non-function Keywords by Cross-reference
__DATA__, __END__, BEGIN, CHECK, END, INIT, UNITCHECK, DESTROY, and, cmp, eq, ge, gt, le, lt, ne, not, or, x, xor, AUTOLOAD, else, elsif, for, foreach, if, unless, until, while, elseif, default, given, when
 

perlopentut - simple recipes for opening files and pipes in Perl

DESCRIPTION
OK, HANDLE, MODE, PATHNAME
Opening Text Files
Opening Text Files for Reading
Opening Text Files for Writing
Opening Binary Files
Opening Pipes
Low-level File Opens via sysopen
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
 

perlpacktut - tutorial on pack and unpack

DESCRIPTION
The Basic Principle
Packing Text
Packing Numbers
Integers
Unpacking a Stack Frame
How to Eat an Egg on a Net
Byte-order modifiers
Floating point Numbers
Exotic Templates
Bit Strings
Uuencoding
Doing Sums
Unicode
Another Portable Binary Encoding
Template Grouping
Lengths and Widths
String Lengths
Dynamic Templates
Counting Repetitions
Intel HEX
Packing and Unpacking C Structures
The Alignment Pit
Dealing with Endian-ness
Alignment, Take 2
Alignment, Take 3
Pointers for How to Use Them
Pack Recipes
Funnies Section
Authors
 

perlpod - the Plain Old Documentation format

DESCRIPTION
Ordinary Paragraph
Verbatim Paragraph
Command Paragraph
"=head1 Heading Text"
  , "=head2 Heading Text""=head3 Heading Text", "=head4 Heading Text", "=over indentlevel"
    , "=item stuff...""=back", "=cut" , "=pod" , "=begin formatname"
     , "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding encodingname"
Formatting Codes
"I<text>" --- italic text , "B<text>" --- bold text
 , "C<code>" --- code text 
  , "L<name>" --- a hyperlink , "E<escape>" --- a character escape
 , "F<filename>" --- used for filenames , "S<text>" --- text contains non-breaking spaces
   , "X<topic name>" --- an index entry  
 , "Z<>" --- a null (zero-effect) formatting code
The Intent
Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
Hints for Writing Pod

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

perlpodspec - Plain Old Documentation: format specification and notes

DESCRIPTION
Pod Definitions
Pod Commands
``=head1'', ``=head2'', ``=head3'', ``=head4'', ``=pod'', ``=cut'', ``=over'', ``=item'', ``=back'', ``=begin formatname'', ``=begin formatname parameter'', ``=end formatname'', ``=for formatname text...'', ``=encoding encodingname''
Pod Formatting Codes
"I<text>" --- italic text, "B<text>" --- bold text, "C<code>" --- code text, "F<filename>" --- style for filenames, "X<topic name>" --- an index entry, "Z<>" --- a null (zero-effect) formatting code, "L<name>" --- a hyperlink, "E<escape>" --- a character escape, "S<text>" --- text contains non-breaking spaces
Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
About L<...> Codes
First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:
About =over...=back Regions
About Data Paragraphs and =begin/=end Regions
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

perlpodstyle - Perl POD style guide

DESCRIPTION
NAME, SYNOPSIS, DESCRIPTION, OPTIONS, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS, DIAGNOSTICS, EXAMPLES, ENVIRONMENT, FILES, CAVEATS, BUGS, RESTRICTIONS, NOTES, AUTHOR, HISTORY, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE, SEE ALSO
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

perldiag - various Perl diagnostics

DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

perllexwarn - Perl Lexical Warnings

DESCRIPTION
 

perldebug - Perl debugging

DESCRIPTION
The Perl Debugger
Calling the Debugger
perl -d program_name, perl -d -e 0, perl -d:ptkdb program_name, perl -dt threaded_program_name
Debugger Commands
h , h [command], h h, p expr , x [maxdepth] expr , V [pkg [vars]] , X [vars] , y [level [vars]] , T , s [expr] , n [expr] , r , <CR>, c [line|sub] , l , l min+incr, l min-max, l line, l subname, - , v [line] , . , f filename , /pattern/, ?pattern?, L [abw] , S [[!]regex] , t [n] , t [n] expr , b , b [line] [condition] , b [file]:[line] [condition] , b subname [condition] , b postpone subname [condition] , b load filename
 , b compile subname  , B line , B *
 , disable [file]:[line] 
 , disable [line] 
 , enable [file]:[line] 
 , enable [line] 
 , a [line] command , A line , A * , w expr , W expr , W * , o , o booloption ... , o anyoption? ... , o option=value ... , < ? , < [ command ] , < * , << command , > ? , > command , > * , >> command , { ? , { [ command ], { * , {{ command , ! number , ! -number , ! pattern , !! cmd , source file , H -number , q or ^D , R , |dbcmd , ||dbcmd , command, m expr , M , man [manpage]
Configurable Options
"recallCommand", "ShellBang" , "pager" , "tkRunning" , "signalLevel", "warnLevel", "dieLevel"
  , "AutoTrace" , "LineInfo" , "inhibit_exit" , "PrintRet" , "ornaments" , "frame" , "maxTraceLen" , "windowSize" , "arrayDepth", "hashDepth" , "dumpDepth" , "compactDump", "veryCompact" , "globPrint" , "DumpDBFiles" , "DumpPackages" , "DumpReused" , "quote", "HighBit", "undefPrint"
 , "UsageOnly" , "HistFile" , "HistSize" , "TTY" , "noTTY" , "ReadLine" , "NonStop"
Debugger Input/Output
Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace , Line Listing Format, Frame listing
Debugging Compile-Time Statements
Debugger Customization
Readline Support / History in the Debugger
Editor Support for Debugging
The Perl Profiler
Debugging Regular Expressions
Debugging Memory Usage
SEE ALSO
BUGS
 

perlvar - Perl predefined variables

DESCRIPTION
The Syntax of Variable Names
SPECIAL VARIABLES
General Variables
$ARG, $_ , @ARG, @_ , $LIST_SEPARATOR, $" , $PROCESS_ID, $PID, $$ , $PROGRAM_NAME, $0 , $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(
 , $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID$EGID, $)   , $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $< , $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID, $> , $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP, $; , $a, $b , %ENV , $OLD_PERL_VERSION, $] , $SYSTEM_FD_MAX, $^F
 , @F , @INC , %INC , $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I , $^M , $OSNAME, $^O , %SIG , $BASETIME, $^T , $PERL_VERSION, $^V , ${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT}
  , $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X
Variables related to regular expressions
$<digits> ($1, $2, ...) , $MATCH, $& , ${^MATCH} , $PREMATCH, $` , ${^PREMATCH} , $POSTMATCH, $'
 , ${^POSTMATCH}   , $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+ , $LAST_SUBMATCH_RESULT, $^N , @LAST_MATCH_END, @+ , %LAST_PAREN_MATCH, %+ , @LAST_MATCH_START, @- , "$`" is the same as "substr($var, 0, $-[0])", $& is the same as "substr($var, $-[0], $+[0] - $-[0])", "$'" is the same as "substr($var, $+[0])", $1 is the same as "substr($var, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1])", $2 is the same as "substr($var, $-[2], $+[2] - $-[2])", $3 is the same as "substr($var, $-[3], $+[3] - $-[3])", %- , $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R , ${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS} , ${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}
Variables related to filehandles
$ARGV , @ARGV , ARGV , ARGVOUT , IO::Handle->output_field_separator( EXPR ), $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $, , HANDLE->input_line_number( EXPR ), $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR, $. , IO::Handle->input_record_separator( EXPR ), $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/ , IO::Handle->output_record_separator( EXPR ), $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\ , HANDLE->autoflush( EXPR ), $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $| , ${^LAST_FH} , $ACCUMULATOR, $^A , IO::Handle->format_formfeed(EXPR), $FORMAT_FORMFEED, $^L , HANDLE->format_page_number(EXPR), $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER, $% , HANDLE->format_lines_left(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $- , IO::Handle->format_line_break_characters EXPR, $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $: , HANDLE->format_lines_per_page(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $= , HANDLE->format_top_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^ , HANDLE->format_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_NAME, $~
Error Variables
${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE} , $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E
 , $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S  , $WARNING, $^W , ${^WARNING_BITS} , $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $! , %OS_ERROR, %ERRNO, %! , $CHILD_ERROR, $? , $EVAL_ERROR, $@
Variables related to the interpreter state
$COMPILING, $^C , $DEBUGGING, $^D , ${^ENCODING} , ${^GLOBAL_PHASE} , CONSTRUCT, START, CHECK, INIT, RUN, END, DESTRUCT, $^H , %^H , ${^OPEN} , $PERLDB, $^P , 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x100, 0x200, 0x400, 0x800, 0x1000, ${^TAINT} , ${^UNICODE} , ${^UTF8CACHE} , ${^UTF8LOCALE}
Deprecated and removed variables
$# , $* , $[
 

perlre - Perl regular expressions

DESCRIPTION
Modifiers
"m" , "s" , "i" , "x" , "p" , "a", "d", "l", and "u"
 , "n"    , Other Modifiers
Regular Expressions
[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]
Quoting metacharacters
Extended Patterns
"(?#text)" , "(?adlupimnsx-imnsx)", "(?^alupimnsx)" , "(?:pattern)" , "(?adluimnsx-imnsx:pattern)", "(?^aluimnsx:pattern)" , "(?|pattern)" , Lookaround Assertions
 , "(?=pattern)"   , "(?!pattern)"   , "(?<=pattern)" "\K" 
  , "(?<!pattern)"
  , "(?'NAME'pattern)", "(?<NAME>pattern)"
 , "\k<NAME>""\k'NAME'""(?{ code })" , "(??{ code })" , "(?PARNO)" "(?-PARNO)" "(?+PARNO)" "(?R)" "(?0)"
       
 , "(?&NAME)" , "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)" , "(?(condition)yes-pattern)", an integer in parentheses, a lookahead/lookbehind/evaluate zero-width assertion;, a name in angle brackets or single quotes, the special symbol "(R)", "(1)" "(2)" .., "(<NAME>)" "('NAME')", "(?=...)" "(?!...)" "(?<=...)" "(?<!...)", "(?{ CODE })", "(R)", "(R1)" "(R2)" .., "(R&NAME)", "(DEFINE)", "(?>pattern)" , "(?[ ])"
Special Backtracking Control Verbs
Verbs, "(*PRUNE)" "(*PRUNE:NAME)" , "(*SKIP)" "(*SKIP:NAME)" , "(*MARK:NAME)" "(*:NAME)"
  , "(*THEN)" "(*THEN:NAME)", "(*COMMIT)" "(*COMMIT:args)" , "(*FAIL)" "(*F)" "(*FAIL:arg)" , "(*ACCEPT)" "(*ACCEPT:arg)"
Backtracking
Version 8 Regular Expressions
Warning on \1 Instead of $1
Repeated Patterns Matching a Zero-length Substring
Combining RE Pieces
"ST", "S|T", "S{REPEAT_COUNT}", "S{min,max}", "S{min,max}?", "S?", "S*", "S+", "S??", "S*?", "S+?", "(?>S)", "(?=S)", "(?<=S)", "(?!S)", "(?<!S)", "(??{ EXPR })", "(?PARNO)", "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)"
Creating Custom RE Engines
Embedded Code Execution Frequency
PCRE/Python Support
"(?P<NAME>pattern)", "(?P=NAME)", "(?P>NAME)"
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

perlrebackslash - Perl Regular Expression Backslash Sequences and Escapes

DESCRIPTION
The backslash
[1]
All the sequences and escapes
Character Escapes
[1], [2]
Modifiers
Character classes
Referencing
Assertions
\A, \z, \Z, \G, \b{}, \b, \B{}, \B, "\b{gcb}" or "\b{g}", "\b{lb}", "\b{sb}", "\b{wb}"
Misc
\K, \N, \R , \X
 

perlrecharclass - Perl Regular Expression Character Classes

DESCRIPTION
The dot
Backslash sequences
If the "/a" modifier is in effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., if Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise .., If the "/a" modifier is in effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., if Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise .., [1], [2]
Bracketed Character Classes
[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], If the "/a" modifier, is in effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., "word", "ascii", "blank", if Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise ..
 

perlreref - Perl Regular Expressions Reference

DESCRIPTION
OPERATORS
SYNTAX
ESCAPE SEQUENCES
CHARACTER CLASSES
ANCHORS
QUANTIFIERS
EXTENDED CONSTRUCTS
VARIABLES
FUNCTIONS
TERMINOLOGY
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
THANKS
 

perlref - Perl references and nested data structures

NOTE
DESCRIPTION
Making References
1. , 2.
   , 3.
     
  , 4.       , 5.  , 6. , 7.
Using References
Circular References
Symbolic references
Not-so-symbolic references
Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
Function Templates
WARNING
Postfix Dereference Syntax
Postfix Reference Slicing
Assigning to References
SEE ALSO
 

perlform - Perl formats

DESCRIPTION
Text Fields
Numeric Fields
The Field @* for Variable-Width Multi-Line Text
The Field ^* for Variable-Width One-line-at-a-time Text
Specifying Values
Using Fill Mode
Suppressing Lines Where All Fields Are Void
Repeating Format Lines
Top of Form Processing
Format Variables
NOTES
Footers
Accessing Formatting Internals
WARNINGS
 

perlobj - Perl object reference

DESCRIPTION
An Object is Simply a Data Structure
A Class is Simply a Package
A Method is Simply a Subroutine
Method Invocation
Inheritance
Writing Constructors
Attributes
An Aside About Smarter and Safer Code
Method Call Variations
Invoking Class Methods
bless, blessed, and ref
The UNIVERSAL Class
isa($class) , DOES($role) , can($method) , VERSION($need)
AUTOLOAD
Destructors
Non-Hash Objects
Inside-Out objects
Pseudo-hashes
SEE ALSO
 

perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple variable

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Tying Scalars
TIESCALAR classname, LIST , FETCH this , STORE this, value , UNTIE this , DESTROY this
Tying Arrays
TIEARRAY classname, LIST , FETCH this, index , STORE this, index, value , FETCHSIZE this , STORESIZE this, count , EXTEND this, count , EXISTS this, key , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this , PUSH this, LIST
 
POP this , SHIFT this , UNSHIFT this, LIST  , SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST , UNTIE this , DESTROY this
Tying Hashes
USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST , FETCH this, key , STORE this, key, value , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this , EXISTS this, key , FIRSTKEY this , NEXTKEY this, lastkey , SCALAR this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this
Tying FileHandles
TIEHANDLE classname, LIST , WRITE this, LIST , PRINT this, LIST , PRINTF this, LIST , READ this, LIST , READLINE this , GETC this , EOF this , CLOSE this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this
UNTIE this
The untie Gotcha
SEE ALSO
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

perldbmfilter - Perl DBM Filters

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value
The Filter
An Example: the NULL termination problem.
Another Example: Key is a C int.
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

perlipc - Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)

DESCRIPTION
Signals
Handling the SIGHUP Signal in Daemons
Deferred Signals (Safe Signals)
Long-running opcodes, Interrupting IO, Restartable system calls, Signals as ``faults'', Signals triggered by operating system state
Named Pipes
Using open() for IPC
Filehandles
Background Processes
Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
Safe Pipe Opens
Avoiding Pipe Deadlocks
Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
Bidirectional Communication with Yourself
Sockets: Client/Server Communication
Internet Line Terminators
Internet TCP Clients and Servers
Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers
TCP Clients with IO::Socket
A Simple Client
"Proto", "PeerAddr", "PeerPort"
A Webget Client
Interactive Client with IO::Socket
TCP Servers with IO::Socket
Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse
UDP: Message Passing
SysV IPC
NOTES
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlfork - Perl's fork() emulation

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-processes
$$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other builtins that accept filenames, wait() and waitpid(), kill(), exec(), exit(), Open handles to files, directories and network sockets
Resource limits
Killing the parent process
Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes
CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS
BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Open directory handles, Forking pipe open() not yet implemented, Global state maintained by XSUBs, Interpreter embedded in larger application, Thread-safety of extensions
PORTABILITY CAVEATS
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlnumber - semantics of numbers and numeric operations in Perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Storing numbers
Numeric operators and numeric conversions
Flavors of Perl numeric operations
Arithmetic operators, ++, Arithmetic operators during "use integer", Other mathematical operators, Bitwise operators, Bitwise operators during "use integer", Operators which expect an integer, Operators which expect a string
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlthrtut - Tutorial on threads in Perl

DESCRIPTION
What Is A Thread Anyway?
Threaded Program Models
Boss/Worker
Work Crew
Pipeline
What kind of threads are Perl threads?
Thread-Safe Modules
Thread Basics
Basic Thread Support
A Note about the Examples
Creating Threads
Waiting For A Thread To Exit
Ignoring A Thread
Process and Thread Termination
Threads And Data
Shared And Unshared Data
Thread Pitfalls: Races
Synchronization and control
Controlling access: lock()
A Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
Queues: Passing Data Around
Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
Basic semaphores
Advanced Semaphores
Waiting for a Condition
Giving up control
General Thread Utility Routines
What Thread Am I In?
Thread IDs
Are These Threads The Same?
What Threads Are Running?
A Complete Example
Different implementations of threads
Performance considerations
Process-scope Changes
Thread-Safety of System Libraries
Conclusion
SEE ALSO
Bibliography
Introductory Texts
OS-Related References
Other References
Acknowledgements
AUTHOR
Copyrights
 

perlport - Writing portable Perl

DESCRIPTION
Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of Perl already is portable
ISSUES
Newlines
Numbers endianness and Width
Files and Filesystems
System Interaction
Command names versus file pathnames
Networking
Interprocess Communication (IPC)
External Subroutines (XS)
Standard Modules
Time and Date
Character sets and character encoding
Internationalisation
System Resources
Security
Style
CPAN Testers
PLATFORMS
Unix
DOS and Derivatives
VMS
VOS
EBCDIC Platforms
Acorn RISC OS
Other perls
FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS
Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
-X, alarm, atan2, binmode, chmod, chown, chroot, crypt, dbmclose, dbmopen, dump, exec, exit, fcntl, flock, fork, getlogin, getpgrp, getppid, getpriority, getpwnam, getgrnam, getnetbyname, getpwuid, getgrgid, getnetbyaddr, getprotobynumber, getservbyport, getpwent, getgrent, gethostbyname, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, seekdir, sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME, glob, gmtime, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, kill, link, localtime, lstat, msgctl, msgget, msgsnd, msgrcv, open, readlink, rename, rewinddir, select, semctl, semget, semop, setgrent, setpgrp, setpriority, setpwent, setsockopt, shmctl, shmget, shmread, shmwrite, sleep, sockatmark, socketpair, stat, symlink, syscall, sysopen, system, telldir, times, truncate, umask, utime, wait, waitpid
Supported Platforms
Linux (x86, ARM, IA64), HP-UX, AIX, Win32, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Cygwin, Solaris (x86, SPARC), OpenVMS, Alpha (7.2 and later), I64 (8.2 and later), Symbian, NetBSD, FreeBSD, Debian GNU/kFreeBSD, Haiku, Irix (6.5. What else?), OpenBSD, Dragonfly BSD, Midnight BSD, QNX Neutrino RTOS (6.5.0), MirOS BSD, Stratus OpenVOS (17.0 or later), time_t issues that may or may not be fixed, Symbian (Series 60 v3, 3.2 and 5 - what else?), Stratus VOS / OpenVOS, AIX, Android, FreeMINT
EOL Platforms
(Perl 5.20)
AT&T 3b1
(Perl 5.14)
Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT4
(Perl 5.12)
Atari MiNT, Apollo Domain/OS, Apple Mac OS 8/9, Tenon Machten
Supported Platforms (Perl 5.8)
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS
 

perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)

DESCRIPTION
WHAT IS A LOCALE
Category "LC_NUMERIC": Numeric formatting, Category "LC_MONETARY": Formatting of monetary amounts, Category "LC_TIME": Date/Time formatting, Category "LC_MESSAGES": Error and other messages, Category "LC_COLLATE": Collation, Category "LC_CTYPE": Character Types, Other categories
PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
USING LOCALES
The use locale pragma
Not within the scope of "use locale", Lingering effects of "use locale", Under ""use locale";"
The setlocale function
Finding locales
LOCALE PROBLEMS
Testing for broken locales
Temporarily fixing locale problems
Permanently fixing locale problems
Permanently fixing your system's locale configuration
Fixing system locale configuration
The localeconv function
I18N::Langinfo
LOCALE CATEGORIES
Category LC_COLLATE: Collation
Category LC_CTYPE: Character Types
Category LC_NUMERIC: Numeric Formatting
Category LC_MONETARY: Formatting of monetary amounts
LC_TIME
Other categories
SECURITY
ENVIRONMENT
PERL_SKIP_LOCALE_INIT, PERL_BADLANG, "LC_ALL", "LANGUAGE", "LC_CTYPE", "LC_COLLATE", "LC_MONETARY", "LC_NUMERIC", "LC_TIME", "LANG"
Examples
NOTES
String eval and LC_NUMERIC
Backward compatibility
I18N:Collate obsolete
Sort speed and memory use impacts
Freely available locale definitions
I18n and l10n
An imperfect standard
Unicode and UTF-8
BUGS
Broken systems
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perluniintro - Perl Unicode introduction

DESCRIPTION
Unicode
Perl's Unicode Support
Perl's Unicode Model
Unicode and EBCDIC
Creating Unicode
Handling Unicode
Legacy Encodings
Unicode I/O
Displaying Unicode As Text
Special Cases
Advanced Topics
Miscellaneous
Questions With Answers
Hexadecimal Notation
Further Resources
UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE
 

perlunicode - Unicode support in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Important Caveats
Safest if you "use feature 'unicode_strings'", Input and Output Layers, You should convert your non-ASCII, non-UTF-8 Perl scripts to be UTF-8, "use utf8" still needed to enable UTF-8 in scripts, "BOM"-marked scripts and UTF-16 scripts autodetected
Byte and Character Semantics
ASCII Rules versus Unicode Rules
When the string has been upgraded to UTF-8, There are additional methods for regular expression patterns
Extended Grapheme Clusters (Logical characters)
Unicode Character Properties
"\p{All}", "\p{Alnum}", "\p{Any}", "\p{ASCII}", "\p{Assigned}", "\p{Blank}", "\p{Decomposition_Type: Non_Canonical}" (Short: "\p{Dt=NonCanon}"), "\p{Graph}", "\p{HorizSpace}", "\p{In=*}", "\p{PerlSpace}", "\p{PerlWord}", "\p{Posix...}", "\p{Present_In: *}" (Short: "\p{In=*}"), "\p{Print}", "\p{SpacePerl}", "\p{Title}" and "\p{Titlecase}", "\p{Unicode}", "\p{VertSpace}", "\p{Word}", "\p{XPosix...}"
User-Defined Character Properties
User-Defined Case Mappings (for serious hackers only)
Character Encodings for Input and Output
Unicode Regular Expression Support Level
[1] "\N{U+...}" and "\x{...}", [2] "\p{...}" "\P{...}", [3] supports not only minimal list, but all Unicode character properties (see Unicode Character Properties above), [4] "\d" "\D" "\s" "\S" "\w" "\W" "\X" "[:prop:]" "[:^prop:]", [5] The experimental feature starting in v5.18 "(?[...])" accomplishes this, [6] "\b" "\B", [7] Note that Perl does Full case-folding in matching, not Simple:, [8] Perl treats "\n" as the start- and end-line delimiter. Unicode specifies more characters that should be so-interpreted, [9] But "qr/\b{lb}/" and "Unicode::LineBreak" are available, [10] UTF-8/UTF-EBDDIC used in Perl allows not only "U+10000" to "U+10FFFF" but also beyond "U+10FFFF"
Unicode Encodings
Noncharacter code points
Beyond Unicode code points
Security Implications of Unicode
Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
Locales
When Unicode Does Not Happen
The Unicode Bug
Forcing Unicode in Perl (Or Unforcing Unicode in Perl)
Using Unicode in XS
Hacking Perl to work on earlier Unicode versions (for very serious hackers only)
Porting code from perl-5.6.X
BUGS
Interaction with Extensions
Speed
SEE ALSO
 

perlunicook - cookbookish examples of handling Unicode in Perl

DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
X 0: Standard preamble
X 1: Generic Unicode-savvy filter
X 2: Fine-tuning Unicode warnings
X 3: Declare source in utf8 for identifiers and literals
X 4: Characters and their numbers
X 5: Unicode literals by character number
X 6: Get character name by number
X 7: Get character number by name
X 8: Unicode named characters
X 9: Unicode named sequences
X 10: Custom named characters
X 11: Names of CJK codepoints
X 12: Explicit encode/decode
X 13: Decode program arguments as utf8
X 14: Decode program arguments as locale encoding
X 15: Declare STD{IN,OUT,ERR} to be utf8
X 16: Declare STD{IN,OUT,ERR} to be in locale encoding
X 17: Make file I/O default to utf8
X 18: Make all I/O and args default to utf8
X 19: Open file with specific encoding
X 20: Unicode casing
X 21: Unicode case-insensitive comparisons
X 22: Match Unicode linebreak sequence in regex
X 23: Get character category
X 24: Disabling Unicode-awareness in builtin charclasses
X 25: Match Unicode properties in regex with \p, \P
X 26: Custom character properties
X 27: Unicode normalization
X 28: Convert non-ASCII Unicode numerics
X 29: Match Unicode grapheme cluster in regex
X 30: Extract by grapheme instead of by codepoint (regex)
X 31: Extract by grapheme instead of by codepoint (substr)
X 32: Reverse string by grapheme
X 33: String length in graphemes
X 34: Unicode column-width for printing
X 35: Unicode collation
X 36: Case- and accent-insensitive Unicode sort
X 37: Unicode locale collation
X 38: Making cmp work on text instead of codepoints
X 39: Case- and accent-insensitive comparisons
X 40: Case- and accent-insensitive locale comparisons
X 41: Unicode linebreaking
X 42: Unicode text in DBM hashes, the tedious way
X 43: Unicode text in DBM hashes, the easy way
X 44: PROGRAM: Demo of Unicode collation and printing
SEE ALSO
X3.13 Default Case Algorithms, page 113; X4.2 Case, pages 120X122; Case Mappings, page 166X172, especially Caseless Matching starting on page 170, UAX #44: Unicode Character Database, UTS #18: Unicode Regular Expressions, UAX #15: Unicode Normalization Forms, UTS #10: Unicode Collation Algorithm, UAX #29: Unicode Text Segmentation, UAX #14: Unicode Line Breaking Algorithm, UAX #11: East Asian Width
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
REVISION HISTORY
 

perlunifaq - Perl Unicode FAQ

Q and A
perlunitut isn't really a Unicode tutorial, is it?
What character encodings does Perl support?
Which version of perl should I use?
What about binary data, like images?
When should I decode or encode?
What if I don't decode?
What if I don't encode?
Is there a way to automatically decode or encode?
What if I don't know which encoding was used?
Can I use Unicode in my Perl sources?
Data::Dumper doesn't restore the UTF8 flag; is it broken?
Why do regex character classes sometimes match only in the ASCII range?
Why do some characters not uppercase or lowercase correctly?
How can I determine if a string is a text string or a binary string?
How do I convert from encoding FOO to encoding BAR?
What are decode_utf8 and encode_utf8?
What is a wide character?
INTERNALS
What is the UTF8 flag?
What about the use bytes pragma?
What about the use encoding pragma?
What is the difference between :encoding and :utf8?
What's the difference between UTF-8 and utf8?
I lost track; what encoding is the internal format really?
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perluniprops - Index of Unicode Version 8.0.0 character properties in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Properties accessible through \p{} and \P{}
Single form ("\p{name}") tighter rules:, white space adjacent to a non-word character, underscores separating digits in numbers, Compound form ("\p{name=value}" or "\p{name:value}") tighter rules:, Stabilized, Deprecated, Obsolete, Discouraged
Legal \p{} and \P{} constructs that match no characters
\p{Canonical_Combining_Class=Attached_Below_Left}, \p{Canonical_Combining_Class=CCC133}, \p{Grapheme_Cluster_Break=Prepend}
Properties accessible through Unicode::UCD
Properties accessible through other means
Unicode character properties that are NOT accepted by Perl
Expands_On_NFC (XO_NFC), Expands_On_NFD (XO_NFD), Expands_On_NFKC (XO_NFKC), Expands_On_NFKD (XO_NFKD), Grapheme_Link (Gr_Link), Jamo_Short_Name (JSN), Other_Alphabetic (OAlpha), Other_Default_Ignorable_Code_Point (ODI), Other_Grapheme_Extend (OGr_Ext), Other_ID_Continue (OIDC), Other_ID_Start (OIDS), Other_Lowercase (OLower), Other_Math (OMath), Other_Uppercase (OUpper), Script=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (sc=Hrkt), Script_Extensions=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (scx=Hrkt)
Other information in the Unicode data base
auxiliary/GraphemeBreakTest.html, auxiliary/LineBreakTest.html, auxiliary/SentenceBreakTest.html, auxiliary/WordBreakTest.html, BidiCharacterTest.txt, BidiTest.txt, NormTest.txt, CJKRadicals.txt, EmojiSources.txt, Index.txt, NamedSqProv.txt, NamesList.html, NamesList.txt, NormalizationCorrections.txt, ReadMe.txt, StandardizedVariants.html, StandardizedVariants.txt, USourceData.txt, USourceGlyphs.pdf
SEE ALSO
 

perlunitut - Perl Unicode Tutorial

DESCRIPTION
Definitions
Your new toolkit
I/O flow (the actual 5 minute tutorial)
SUMMARY
Q and A (or FAQ)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlebcdic - Considerations for running Perl on EBCDIC platforms

DESCRIPTION
COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS
ASCII
ISO 8859
Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1)
EBCDIC
0037, 1047, POSIX-BC
Unicode code points versus EBCDIC code points
Unicode and UTF
Using Encode
SINGLE OCTET TABLES
recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe 5, recipe 6
Table in hex, sorted in 1047 order
IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
CONVERSIONS
utf8::unicode_to_native() and utf8::native_to_unicode()
tr///
iconv
C RTL
OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
FUNCTION DIFFERENCES
"chr()", "ord()", "pack()", "print()", "printf()", "sort()", "sprintf()", "unpack()"
REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
SOCKETS
SORTING
Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
Use a sort helper function
MONO CASE then sort data (for non-digits, non-underscore)
Perform sorting on one type of platform only.
TRANSFORMATION FORMATS
URL decoding and encoding
uu encoding and decoding
Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
Caesarean ciphers
Hashing order and checksums
I18N AND L10N
MULTI-OCTET CHARACTER SETS
OS ISSUES
OS/400
PASE, IFS access
OS/390, z/OS
"sigaction", "chcp", dataset access, "iconv", locales
POSIX-BC?
BUGS
SEE ALSO
REFERENCES
HISTORY
AUTHOR
 

perlsec - Perl security

DESCRIPTION
SECURITY VULNERABILITY CONTACT INFORMATION
SECURITY MECHANISMS AND CONCERNS
Taint mode
Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data
Switches On the #! Line
Taint mode and @INC
Cleaning Up Your Path
Security Bugs
Protecting Your Programs
Unicode
Algorithmic Complexity Attacks
Hash Seed Randomization, Hash Traversal Randomization, Bucket Order Perturbance, New Default Hash Function, Alternative Hash Functions
SEE ALSO
 

perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)

DESCRIPTION
Is this the document you were after?
This doc, perlnewmod, perlmodstyle
Packages
Symbol Tables
BEGIN, UNITCHECK, CHECK, INIT and END
Perl Classes
Perl Modules
Making your module threadsafe
SEE ALSO
 

perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones

THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY
Pragmatic Modules
arybase, attributes, autodie, autodie::exception, autodie::exception::system, autodie::hints, autodie::skip, autouse, base, bigint, bignum, bigrat, blib, bytes, charnames, constant, deprecate, diagnostics, encoding, encoding::warnings, experimental, feature, fields, filetest, if, integer, less, lib, locale, mro, ok, open, ops, overload, overloading, parent, re, sigtrap, sort, strict, subs, threads, threads::shared, utf8, vars, version, vmsish, warnings::register
Standard Modules
Amiga::ARexx, Amiga::Exec, AnyDBM_File, App::Cpan, App::Prove, App::Prove::State, App::Prove::State::Result, App::Prove::State::Result::Test, Archive::Tar, Archive::Tar::File, Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoSplit, B, B::Concise, B::Debug, B::Deparse, B::Op_private, B::Showlex, B::Terse, B::Xref, Benchmark, "IO::Socket::IP", "Socket", CORE, CPAN, CPAN::API::HOWTO, CPAN::Debug, CPAN::Distroprefs, CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::HandleConfig, CPAN::Kwalify, CPAN::Meta, CPAN::Meta::Converter, CPAN::Meta::Feature, CPAN::Meta::History, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_0, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_1, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_2, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_3, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_4, CPAN::Meta::Merge, CPAN::Meta::Prereqs, CPAN::Meta::Requirements, CPAN::Meta::Spec, CPAN::Meta::Validator, CPAN::Meta::YAML, CPAN::Nox, CPAN::Plugin, CPAN::Plugin::Specfile, CPAN::Queue, CPAN::Tarzip, CPAN::Version, Carp, Class::Struct, Compress::Raw::Bzip2, Compress::Raw::Zlib, Compress::Zlib, Config, Config::Perl::V, Cwd, DB, DBM_Filter, DBM_Filter::compress, DBM_Filter::encode, DBM_Filter::int32, DBM_Filter::null, DBM_Filter::utf8, DB_File, Data::Dumper, Devel::PPPort, Devel::Peek, Devel::SelfStubber, Digest, Digest::MD5, Digest::SHA, Digest::base, Digest::file, DirHandle, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, Encode, Encode::Alias, Encode::Byte, Encode::CJKConstants, Encode::CN, Encode::CN::HZ, Encode::Config, Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Encoder, Encode::Encoding, Encode::GSM0338, Encode::Guess, Encode::JP, Encode::JP::H2Z, Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::KR, Encode::KR::2022_KR, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::PerlIO, Encode::Supported, Encode::Symbol, Encode::TW, Encode::Unicode, Encode::Unicode::UTF7, English, Env, Errno, Exporter, Exporter::Heavy, ExtUtils::CBuilder, ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows, ExtUtils::Command, ExtUtils::Command::MM, ExtUtils::Constant, ExtUtils::Constant::Base, ExtUtils::Constant::Utils, ExtUtils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Liblist, ExtUtils::MM, ExtUtils::MM_AIX, ExtUtils::MM_Any, ExtUtils::MM_BeOS, ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin, ExtUtils::MM_DOS, ExtUtils::MM_Darwin, ExtUtils::MM_MacOS, ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2, ExtUtils::MM_QNX, ExtUtils::MM_UWIN, ExtUtils::MM_Unix, ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MM_VOS, ExtUtils::MM_Win32, ExtUtils::MM_Win95, ExtUtils::MY, ExtUtils::MakeMaker, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Locale, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial, ExtUtils::Manifest, ExtUtils::Miniperl, ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap, ExtUtils::Mksymlists, ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::ParseXS, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Constants, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Eval, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Utilities, ExtUtils::Typemaps, ExtUtils::Typemaps::Cmd, ExtUtils::Typemaps::InputMap, ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap, ExtUtils::Typemaps::Type, ExtUtils::XSSymSet, ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, Fcntl, File::Basename, File::Compare, File::Copy, File::DosGlob, File::Fetch, File::Find, File::Glob, File::GlobMapper, File::Path, File::Spec, File::Spec::AmigaOS, File::Spec::Cygwin, File::Spec::Epoc, File::Spec::Functions, File::Spec::Mac, File::Spec::OS2, File::Spec::Unix, File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32, File::Temp, File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple, Filter::Util::Call, FindBin, GDBM_File, Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, HTTP::Tiny, Hash::Util, Hash::Util::FieldHash, I18N::Collate, I18N::LangTags, I18N::LangTags::Detect, I18N::LangTags::List, I18N::Langinfo, IO, IO::Compress::Base, IO::Compress::Bzip2, IO::Compress::Deflate, IO::Compress::FAQ, IO::Compress::Gzip, IO::Compress::RawDeflate, IO::Compress::Zip, IO::Dir, IO::File, IO::Handle, IO::Pipe, IO::Poll, IO::Seekable, IO::Select, IO::Socket, IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX, IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate, IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress, IO::Uncompress::Base, IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2, IO::Uncompress::Gunzip, IO::Uncompress::Inflate, IO::Uncompress::RawInflate, IO::Uncompress::Unzip, IO::Zlib, IPC::Cmd, IPC::Msg, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, IPC::Semaphore, IPC::SharedMem, IPC::SysV, JSON::PP, JSON::PP::Boolean, List::Util, List::Util::XS, Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, Locale::Codes::Changes, Locale::Codes::Country, Locale::Codes::Currency, Locale::Codes::LangExt, Locale::Codes::LangFam, Locale::Codes::LangVar, Locale::Codes::Language, Locale::Codes::Script, Locale::Country, Locale::Currency, Locale::Language, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::Cookbook, Locale::Maketext::Guts, Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader, Locale::Maketext::Simple, Locale::Maketext::TPJ13, Locale::Script, MIME::Base64, MIME::QuotedPrint, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc, Math::BigInt::CalcEmu, Math::BigInt::FastCalc, Math::BigRat, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File, Memoize::Expire, Memoize::ExpireFile, Memoize::ExpireTest, Memoize::NDBM_File, Memoize::SDBM_File, Memoize::Storable, Module::CoreList, Module::CoreList::Utils, Module::Load, Module::Load::Conditional, Module::Loaded, Module::Metadata, NDBM_File, NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP, Net::FTP::dataconn, Net::NNTP, Net::Netrc, Net::POP3, Net::Ping, Net::SMTP, Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnetFAQ, Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, O, ODBM_File, Opcode, POSIX, Params::Check, Parse::CPAN::Meta, Perl::OSType, PerlIO, PerlIO::encoding, PerlIO::mmap, PerlIO::scalar, PerlIO::via, PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint, Pod::Escapes, Pod::Find, Pod::Functions, Pod::Html, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Man, Pod::ParseLink, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Parser, Pod::Perldoc, Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo, Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO, Pod::Perldoc::ToANSI, Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker, Pod::Perldoc::ToMan, Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff, Pod::Perldoc::ToPod, Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf, Pod::Perldoc::ToTerm, Pod::Perldoc::ToText, Pod::Perldoc::ToTk, Pod::Perldoc::ToXml, Pod::PlainText, Pod::Select, Pod::Simple, Pod::Simple::Checker, Pod::Simple::Debug, Pod::Simple::DumpAsText, Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML, Pod::Simple::HTML, Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch, Pod::Simple::LinkSection, Pod::Simple::Methody, Pod::Simple::PullParser, Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserToken, Pod::Simple::RTF, Pod::Simple::Search, Pod::Simple::SimpleTree, Pod::Simple::Subclassing, Pod::Simple::Text, Pod::Simple::TextContent, Pod::Simple::XHTML, Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream, Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color, Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, SDBM_File, Safe, Scalar::Util, Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Storable, Sub::Util, Symbol, Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Syslog::Win32, TAP::Base, TAP::Formatter::Base, TAP::Formatter::Color, TAP::Formatter::Console, TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession, TAP::Formatter::Console::Session, TAP::Formatter::File, TAP::Formatter::File::Session, TAP::Formatter::Session, TAP::Harness, TAP::Harness::Env, TAP::Object, TAP::Parser, TAP::Parser::Aggregator, TAP::Parser::Grammar, TAP::Parser::Iterator, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Stream, TAP::Parser::IteratorFactory, TAP::Parser::Multiplexer, TAP::Parser::Result, TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout, TAP::Parser::Result::Comment, TAP::Parser::Result::Plan, TAP::Parser::Result::Pragma, TAP::Parser::Result::Test, TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown, TAP::Parser::Result::Version, TAP::Parser::Result::YAML, TAP::Parser::ResultFactory, TAP::Parser::Scheduler, TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job, TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner, TAP::Parser::Source, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::RawTAP, TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader, TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer, Term::ANSIColor, Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine, Test, Test::Builder, Test::Builder::IO::Scalar, Test::Builder::Module, Test::Builder::Tester, Test::Builder::Tester::Color, Test::Harness, Test::Harness::Beyond, Test::More, Test::Simple, Test::Tester, Test::Tester::Capture, Test::Tester::CaptureRunner, Test::Tutorial, Test::use::ok, Text::Abbrev, Text::Balanced, Text::ParseWords, Text::Tabs, Text::Wrap, Thread, Thread::Queue, Thread::Semaphore, Tie::Array, Tie::File, Tie::Handle, Tie::Hash, Tie::Hash::NamedCapture, Tie::Memoize, Tie::RefHash, Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdHandle, Tie::SubstrHash, Time::HiRes, Time::Local, Time::Piece, Time::Seconds, Time::gmtime, Time::localtime, Time::tm, UNIVERSAL, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Big5, Unicode::Collate::CJK::GB2312, Unicode::Collate::CJK::JISX0208, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Korean, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Zhuyin, Unicode::Collate::Locale, Unicode::Normalize, Unicode::UCD, User::grent, User::pwent, VMS::DCLsym, VMS::Filespec, VMS::Stdio, Win32, Win32API::File, Win32CORE, XS::APItest, XS::Typemap, XSLoader, autodie::Scope::Guard, autodie::Scope::GuardStack, autodie::Util, version::Internals
Extension Modules
CPAN
Africa
South Africa
Asia
China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey
Central America
Costa Rica
Europe
Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
North America
Bahamas, Canada, Mexico, United States, Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin
Oceania
Australia, New Zealand
South America
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia
RSYNC Mirrors
Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse
Guidelines for Module Creation
Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
NOTE
 

perlmodstyle - Perl module style guide

INTRODUCTION
QUICK CHECKLIST
Before you start
The API
Stability
Documentation
Release considerations
BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MODULE
Has it been done before?
Do one thing and do it well
What's in a name?
Get feedback before publishing
DESIGNING AND WRITING YOUR MODULE
To OO or not to OO?
Designing your API
Write simple routines to do simple things, Separate functionality from output, Provide sensible shortcuts and defaults, Naming conventions, Parameter passing
Strictness and warnings
Backwards compatibility
Error handling and messages
DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE
POD
README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs
perl Makefile.PL, make, make test, make install, perl Build.PL, perl Build, perl Build test, perl Build install
RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS
Version numbering
Pre-requisites
Testing
Packaging
Licensing
COMMON PITFALLS
Reinventing the wheel
Trying to do too much
Inappropriate documentation
SEE ALSO
perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Packaging Tools, Testing tools, http://pause.perl.org/, Any good book on software engineering
AUTHOR
 

perlmodinstall - Installing CPAN Modules

DESCRIPTION
PREAMBLE
DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a directory, BUILD the module (sometimes unnecessary), INSTALL the module
PORTABILITY
HEY
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

perlnewmod - preparing a new module for distribution

DESCRIPTION
Warning
What should I make into a module?
Step-by-step: Preparing the ground
Look around, Check it's new, Discuss the need, Choose a name, Check again
Step-by-step: Making the module
Start with module-starter or h2xs, Use strict and warnings, Use Carp, Use Exporter - wisely!, Use plain old documentation, Write tests, Write the README
Step-by-step: Distributing your module
Get a CPAN user ID, "perl Makefile.PL; make test; make dist", Upload the tarball, Announce to the modules list, Announce to clpa, Fix bugs!
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlpragma - how to write a user pragma

DESCRIPTION
A basic example
Key naming
Implementation details
 

perlutil - utilities packaged with the Perl distribution

DESCRIPTION
LIST OF UTILITIES
Documentation
perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html, pod2usage, podselect, podchecker, splain, "roffitall"
Converters
Administration
libnetcfg, perlivp
Development
perlbug, perlthanks, h2ph, c2ph and pstruct, h2xs, enc2xs, xsubpp, prove, corelist
General tools
piconv, ptar, ptardiff, ptargrep, shasum, zipdetails
Installation
cpan, instmodsh
SEE ALSO
 

perlfilter - Source Filters

DESCRIPTION
CONCEPTS
USING FILTERS
WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C
Decryption Filters
CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
CONCLUSION
LIMITATIONS
THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR
Some Filters Clobber the "DATA" Handle
REQUIREMENTS
AUTHOR
Copyrights
 

perldtrace - Perl's support for DTrace

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
PROBES
sub-entry(SUBNAME, FILE, LINE, PACKAGE), sub-return(SUBNAME, FILE, LINE, PACKAGE), phase-change(NEWPHASE, OLDPHASE), op-entry(OPNAME), loading-file(FILENAME), loaded-file(FILENAME)
EXAMPLES
Most frequently called functions, Trace function calls, Function calls during interpreter cleanup, System calls at compile time, Perl functions that execute the most opcodes
REFERENCES
DTrace Dynamic Tracing Guide, DTrace: Dynamic Tracing in Oracle Solaris, Mac OS X and FreeBSD
SEE ALSO
Devel::DTrace::Provider
AUTHORS
 

perlglossary - Perl Glossary

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
A
accessor methods, actual arguments, address operator, algorithm, alias, alphabetic, alternatives, anonymous, application, architecture, argument, ARGV, arithmetical operator, array, array context, Artistic License, ASCII, assertion, assignment, assignment operator, associative array, associativity, asynchronous, atom, atomic operation, attribute, autogeneration, autoincrement, autoload, autosplit, autovivification, AV, awk
B
backreference, backtracking, backward compatibility, bareword, base class, big-endian, binary, binary operator, bind, bit, bit shift, bit string, bless, block, BLOCK, block buffering, Boolean, Boolean context, breakpoint, broadcast, BSD, bucket, buffer, built-in, bundle, byte, bytecode
C
C, cache, callback, call by reference, call by value, canonical, capture variables, capturing, cargo cult, case, casefolding, casemapping, character, character class, character property, circumfix operator, class, class method, client, closure, cluster, CODE, code generator, codepoint, code subpattern, collating sequence, co-maintainer, combining character, command, command buffering, command-line arguments, command name, comment, compilation unit, compile, compile phase, compiler, compile time, composer, concatenation, conditional, connection, construct, constructor, context, continuation, core dump, CPAN, C preprocessor, cracker, currently selected output channel, current package, current working directory, CV
D
dangling statement, datagram, data structure, data type, DBM, declaration, declarator, decrement, default, defined, delimiter, dereference, derived class, descriptor, destroy, destructor, device, directive, directory, directory handle, discipline, dispatch, distribution, dual-lived, dweomer, dwimmer, dynamic scoping
E
eclectic, element, embedding, empty subclass test, encapsulation, endian, en passant, environment, environment variable, EOF, errno, error, escape sequence, exception, exception handling, exec, executable file, execute, execute bit, exit status, exploit, export, expression, extension
F
false, FAQ, fatal error, feeping creaturism, field, FIFO, file, file descriptor, fileglob, filehandle, filename, filesystem, file test operator, filter, first-come, flag, floating point, flush, FMTEYEWTK, foldcase, fork, formal arguments, format, freely available, freely redistributable, freeware, function, funny character
G
garbage collection, GID, glob, global, global destruction, glue language, granularity, grapheme, greedy, grep, group, GV
H
hacker, handler, hard reference, hash, hash table, header file, here document, hexadecimal, home directory, host, hubris, HV
I
identifier, impatience, implementation, import, increment, indexing, indirect filehandle, indirection, indirect object, indirect object slot, infix, inheritance, instance, instance data, instance method, instance variable, integer, interface, interpolation, interpreter, invocant, invocation, I/O, IO, I/O layer, IPA, IP, IPC, is-a, iteration, iterator, IV
J
JAPH
K
key, keyword
L
label, laziness, leftmost longest, left shift, lexeme, lexer, lexical analysis, lexical scoping, lexical variable, library, LIFO, line, linebreak, line buffering, line number, link, LIST, list, list context, list operator, list value, literal, little-endian, local, logical operator, lookahead, lookbehind, loop, loop control statement, loop label, lowercase, lvaluable, lvalue, lvalue modifier
M
magic, magical increment, magical variables, Makefile, man, manpage, matching, member data, memory, metacharacter, metasymbol, method, method resolution order, minicpan, minimalism, mode, modifier, module, modulus, mojibake, monger, mortal, mro, multidimensional array, multiple inheritance
N
named pipe, namespace, NaN, network address, newline, NFS, normalization, null character, null list, null string, numeric context, numification, NV, nybble
O
object, octal, offset, one-liner, open source software, operand, operating system, operator, operator overloading, options, ordinal, overloading, overriding, owner
P
package, pad, parameter, parent class, parse tree, parsing, patch, PATH, pathname, pattern, pattern matching, PAUSE, Perl mongers, permission bits, Pern, pipe, pipeline, platform, pod, pod command, pointer, polymorphism, port, portable, porter, possessive, POSIX, postfix, pp, pragma, precedence, prefix, preprocessing, primary maintainer, procedure, process, program, program generator, progressive matching, property, protocol, prototype, pseudofunction, pseudohash, pseudoliteral, public domain, pumpkin, pumpking, PV
Q
qualified, quantifier
R
race condition, readable, reaping, record, recursion, reference, referent, regex, regular expression, regular expression modifier, regular file, relational operator, reserved words, return value, RFC, right shift, role, root, RTFM, run phase, runtime, runtime pattern, RV, rvalue
S
sandbox, scalar, scalar context, scalar literal, scalar value, scalar variable, scope, scratchpad, script, script kiddie, sed, semaphore, separator, serialization, server, service, setgid, setuid, shared memory, shebang, shell, side effects, sigil, signal, signal handler, single inheritance, slice, slurp, socket, soft reference, source filter, stack, standard, standard error, standard input, standard I/O, Standard Library, standard output, statement, statement modifier, static, static method, static scoping, static variable, stat structure, status, STDERR, STDIN, STDIO, STDOUT, stream, string, string context, stringification, struct, structure, subclass, subpattern, subroutine, subscript, substitution, substring, superclass, superuser, SV, switch, switch cluster, switch statement, symbol, symbolic debugger, symbolic link, symbolic reference, symbol table, synchronous, syntactic sugar, syntax, syntax tree, syscall
T
taint checks, tainted, taint mode, TCP, term, terminator, ternary, text, thread, tie, titlecase, TMTOWTDI, token, tokener, tokenizing, toolbox approach, topic, transliterate, trigger, trinary, troff, true, truncating, type, type casting, typedef, typed lexical, typeglob, typemap
U
UDP, UID, umask, unary operator, Unicode, Unix, uppercase
V
value, variable, variable interpolation, variadic, vector, virtual, void context, v-string
W
warning, watch expression, weak reference, whitespace, word, working directory, wrapper, WYSIWYG
X
XS, XSUB
Y
yacc
Z
zero width, zombie
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program

DESCRIPTION
PREAMBLE
Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use Perl from Perl?, Use C from C?, Use Perl from C?
ROADMAP
Compiling your C program
Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C program
Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
Maintaining a persistent interpreter
Execution of END blocks
$0 assignments
Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from your C program
Using embedded Perl with POSIX locales
Hiding Perl_
MORAL
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

perldebguts - Guts of Perl debugging

DESCRIPTION
Debugger Internals
Writing Your Own Debugger
Frame Listing Output Examples
Debugging Regular Expressions
Compile-time Output
"anchored" STRING "at" POS, "floating" STRING "at" POS1..POS2, "matching floating/anchored", "minlen", "stclass" TYPE, "noscan", "isall", "GPOS", "plus", "implicit", "with eval", "anchored(TYPE)"
Types of Nodes
Run-time Output
Debugging Perl Memory Usage
Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
"buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX)", Free/Used, "Total sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS", "pad: 0", "heads: 2192", "chain: 0", "tail: 6144"
SEE ALSO
 

perlxstut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs

DESCRIPTION
SPECIAL NOTES
make
Version caveat
Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
Threads and PERL_NO_GET_CONTEXT
TUTORIAL
EXAMPLE 1
EXAMPLE 2
What has gone on?
Writing good test scripts
EXAMPLE 3
What's new here?
Input and Output Parameters
The XSUBPP Program
The TYPEMAP file
Warning about Output Arguments
EXAMPLE 4
What has happened here?
Anatomy of .xs file
Getting the fat out of XSUBs
More about XSUB arguments
The Argument Stack
Extending your Extension
Documenting your Extension
Installing your Extension
EXAMPLE 5
New Things in this Example
EXAMPLE 6
New Things in this Example
EXAMPLE 7 (Coming Soon)
EXAMPLE 8 (Coming Soon)
EXAMPLE 9 Passing open files to XSes
Troubleshooting these Examples
See also
Author
Last Changed
 

perlxs - XS language reference manual

DESCRIPTION
Introduction
On The Road
The Anatomy of an XSUB
The Argument Stack
The RETVAL Variable
Returning SVs, AVs and HVs through RETVAL
The MODULE Keyword
The PACKAGE Keyword
The PREFIX Keyword
The OUTPUT: Keyword
The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
The CODE: Keyword
The INIT: Keyword
The NO_INIT Keyword
The TYPEMAP: Keyword
Initializing Function Parameters
Default Parameter Values
The PREINIT: Keyword
The SCOPE: Keyword
The INPUT: Keyword
The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
The length(NAME) Keyword
Variable-length Parameter Lists
The C_ARGS: Keyword
The PPCODE: Keyword
Returning Undef And Empty Lists
The REQUIRE: Keyword
The CLEANUP: Keyword
The POSTCALL: Keyword
The BOOT: Keyword
The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
The ALIAS: Keyword
The OVERLOAD: Keyword
The FALLBACK: Keyword
The INTERFACE: Keyword
The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword
The INCLUDE: Keyword
The INCLUDE_COMMAND: Keyword
The CASE: Keyword
The EXPORT_XSUB_SYMBOLS: Keyword
The & Unary Operator
Inserting POD, Comments and C Preprocessor Directives
Using XS With C++
Interface Strategy
Perl Objects And C Structures
Safely Storing Static Data in XS
MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT, MY_CXT_INIT, dMY_CXT, MY_CXT, aMY_CXT/pMY_CXT, MY_CXT_CLONE, MY_CXT_INIT_INTERP(my_perl), dMY_CXT_INTERP(my_perl)
Thread-aware system interfaces
EXAMPLES
CAVEATS
Non-locale-aware XS code, Locale-aware XS code
XS VERSION
AUTHOR
 

perlxstypemap - Perl XS C/Perl type mapping

DESCRIPTION
Anatomy of a typemap
The Role of the typemap File in Your Distribution
Sharing typemaps Between CPAN Distributions
Writing typemap Entries
Full Listing of Core Typemaps
T_SV, T_SVREF, T_SVREF_FIXED, T_AVREF, T_AVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_HVREF, T_HVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_CVREF, T_CVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_SYSRET, T_UV, T_IV, T_INT, T_ENUM, T_BOOL, T_U_INT, T_SHORT, T_U_SHORT, T_LONG, T_U_LONG, T_CHAR, T_U_CHAR, T_FLOAT, T_NV, T_DOUBLE, T_PV, T_PTR, T_PTRREF, T_PTROBJ, T_REF_IV_REF, T_REF_IV_PTR, T_PTRDESC, T_REFREF, T_REFOBJ, T_OPAQUEPTR, T_OPAQUE, Implicit array, T_PACKED, T_PACKEDARRAY, T_DATAUNIT, T_CALLBACK, T_ARRAY, T_STDIO, T_INOUT, T_IN, T_OUT
 

perlclib - Internal replacements for standard C library functions

DESCRIPTION
Conventions
"t", "p", "n", "s"
File Operations
File Input and Output
File Positioning
Memory Management and String Handling
Character Class Tests
stdlib.h functions
Miscellaneous functions
SEE ALSO
 

perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API

DESCRIPTION
Variables
Datatypes
What is an IV?
Working with SVs
Offsets
What's Really Stored in an SV?
Working with AVs
Working with HVs
Hash API Extensions
AVs, HVs and undefined values
References
Blessed References and Class Objects
Creating New Variables
GV_ADDMULTI, GV_ADDWARN
Reference Counts and Mortality
Stashes and Globs
Double-Typed SVs
Read-Only Values
Copy on Write
Magic Variables
Assigning Magic
Magic Virtual Tables
Finding Magic
Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
Localizing changes
"SAVEINT(int i)", "SAVEIV(IV i)", "SAVEI32(I32 i)", "SAVELONG(long i)", SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p), "SAVEFREESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEFREEOP(OP *op)", SAVEFREEPV(p), "SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv)", "SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char *key, I32 length)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR(DESTRUCTORFUNC_NOCONTEXT_t f, void *p)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(DESTRUCTORFUNC_t f, void *p)", "SAVESTACK_POS()", "SV* save_scalar(GV *gv)", "AV* save_ary(GV *gv)", "HV* save_hash(GV *gv)", "void save_item(SV *item)", "void save_list(SV **sarg, I32 maxsarg)", "SV* save_svref(SV **sptr)", "void save_aptr(AV **aptr)", "void save_hptr(HV **hptr)"
Subroutines
XSUBs and the Argument Stack
Autoloading with XSUBs
Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs
Putting a C value on Perl stack
Scratchpads
Scratchpads and recursion
Memory Allocation
Allocation
Reallocation
Moving
PerlIO
Compiled code
Code tree
Examining the tree
Compile pass 1: check routines
Compile pass 1a: constant folding
Compile pass 2: context propagation
Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
Pluggable runops
Compile-time scope hooks
"void bhk_start(pTHX_ int full)", "void bhk_pre_end(pTHX_ OP **o)", "void bhk_post_end(pTHX_ OP **o)", "void bhk_eval(pTHX_ OP *const o)"
Examining internal data structures with the dump functions
How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported
Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
So what happened to dTHR?
How do I use all this in extensions?
Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple threads?
Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
Internal Functions
A, p, d, s, n, r, f, M, o, x, m, X, E, b, others
Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
Exception Handling
Source Documentation
Backwards compatibility
Unicode Support
What is Unicode, anyway?
How can I recognise a UTF-8 string?
How does UTF-8 represent Unicode characters?
How does Perl store UTF-8 strings?
How do I convert a string to UTF-8?
How do I compare strings?
Is there anything else I need to know?
Custom Operators
xop_name, xop_desc, xop_class, OA_BASEOP, OA_UNOP, OA_BINOP, OA_LOGOP, OA_LISTOP, OA_PMOP, OA_SVOP, OA_PADOP, OA_PVOP_OR_SVOP, OA_LOOP, OA_COP, xop_peep
Dynamic Scope and the Context Stack
Introduction to the context stack
Pushing contexts
Popping contexts
Redoing contexts
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
 

perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C

DESCRIPTION
An Error Handler, An Event-Driven Program
THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS
call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv
FLAG VALUES
G_VOID
G_SCALAR
G_ARRAY
G_DISCARD
G_NOARGS
G_EVAL
G_KEEPERR
Determining the Context
EXAMPLES
No Parameters, Nothing Returned
Passing Parameters
Returning a Scalar
Returning a List of Values
Returning a List in Scalar Context
Returning Data from Perl via the Parameter List
Using G_EVAL
Using G_KEEPERR
Using call_sv
Using call_argv
Using call_method
Using GIMME_V
Using Perl to Dispose of Temporaries
Strategies for Storing Callback Context Information
1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2. Create a sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit, 3. Use a parameter to map to the Perl callback
Alternate Stack Manipulation
Creating and Calling an Anonymous Subroutine in C
LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
DATE
 

perlmroapi - Perl method resolution plugin interface

DESCRIPTION
resolve, name, length, kflags, hash
Callbacks
Caching
Examples
AUTHORS
 

perlreapi - Perl regular expression plugin interface

DESCRIPTION
Callbacks
comp
"/m" - RXf_PMf_MULTILINE, "/s" - RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE, "/i" - RXf_PMf_FOLD, "/x" - RXf_PMf_EXTENDED, "/p" - RXf_PMf_KEEPCOPY, Character set, RXf_SPLIT, RXf_SKIPWHITE, RXf_START_ONLY, RXf_WHITE, RXf_NULL, RXf_NO_INPLACE_SUBST
exec
rx, sv, strbeg, strend, stringarg, minend, data, flags
intuit
checkstr
free
Numbered capture callbacks
Named capture callbacks
qr_package
dupe
op_comp
The REGEXP structure
engine
mother_re
extflags
minlen minlenret
gofs
substrs
nparens, lastparen, and lastcloseparen
intflags
pprivate
swap
offs
precomp prelen
paren_names
substrs
subbeg sublen saved_copy suboffset subcoffset
wrapped wraplen
seen_evals
refcnt
HISTORY
AUTHORS
LICENSE
 

perlreguts - Description of the Perl regular expression engine.

DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW
A quick note on terms
What is a regular expression engine?
Structure of a Regexp Program
"regnode_1", "regnode_2", "regnode_string", "regnode_charclass", "regnode_charclass_posixl"
Process Overview
A. Compilation, 1. Parsing for size, 2. Parsing for construction, 3. Peep-hole optimisation and analysis, B. Execution, 4. Start position and no-match optimisations, 5. Program execution
Compilation
anchored fixed strings, floating fixed strings, minimum and maximum length requirements, start class, Beginning/End of line positions
Execution
MISCELLANEOUS
Unicode and Localisation Support
Base Structures
"offsets", "regstclass", "data", "program"
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENCE
REFERENCES
 

perlapi - autogenerated documentation for the perl public API

DESCRIPTION
Array Manipulation Functions
av_clear , av_create_and_push , av_create_and_unshift_one , av_delete , av_exists , av_extend , av_fetch , AvFILL , av_fill , av_len , av_make , av_pop , av_push , av_shift , av_store , av_tindex , av_top_index , av_undef , av_unshift , get_av , newAV , sortsv , sortsv_flags
Callback Functions
call_argv , call_method , call_pv , call_sv , ENTER , eval_pv , eval_sv , FREETMPS , LEAVE , SAVETMPS
Character case changing
toFOLD , toFOLD_utf8 , toFOLD_uvchr , toLOWER , toLOWER_L1 , toLOWER_LC , toLOWER_utf8 , toLOWER_uvchr , toTITLE , toTITLE_utf8 , toTITLE_uvchr , toUPPER , toUPPER_utf8 , toUPPER_uvchr
Character classification
isALPHA , isALPHANUMERIC , isASCII , isBLANK , isCNTRL , isDIGIT , isGRAPH , isIDCONT , isIDFIRST , isLOWER , isOCTAL , isPRINT , isPSXSPC , isPUNCT , isSPACE , isUPPER , isWORDCHAR , isXDIGIT
Cloning an interpreter
perl_clone
Compile-time scope hooks
BhkDISABLE , BhkENABLE , BhkENTRY_set , blockhook_register
COP Hint Hashes
cophh_2hv , cophh_copy , cophh_delete_pv , cophh_delete_pvn , cophh_delete_pvs , cophh_delete_sv , cophh_fetch_pv , cophh_fetch_pvn , cophh_fetch_pvs , cophh_fetch_sv , cophh_free , cophh_new_empty , cophh_store_pv , cophh_store_pvn , cophh_store_pvs , cophh_store_sv
COP Hint Reading
cop_hints_2hv , cop_hints_fetch_pv , cop_hints_fetch_pvn , cop_hints_fetch_pvs , cop_hints_fetch_sv
Custom Operators
custom_op_register , custom_op_xop , XopDISABLE , XopENABLE , XopENTRY , XopENTRYCUSTOM , XopENTRY_set , XopFLAGS
CV Manipulation Functions
caller_cx , CvSTASH , find_runcv , get_cv , get_cvn_flags
xsubpp variables and internal functions
ax , CLASS , dAX , dAXMARK , dITEMS , dUNDERBAR , dXSARGS , dXSI32 , items , ix , RETVAL , ST , THIS , UNDERBAR , XS , XS_EXTERNAL , XS_INTERNAL
Debugging Utilities
dump_all , dump_packsubs , op_dump , sv_dump
Display and Dump functions
pv_display , pv_escape , pv_pretty
Embedding Functions
cv_clone , cv_name , cv_undef , find_rundefsv , find_rundefsvoffset , intro_my , load_module , newPADNAMELIST , newPADNAMEouter , newPADNAMEpvn , nothreadhook , pad_add_anon , pad_add_name_pv , pad_add_name_pvn , pad_add_name_sv , pad_alloc , pad_findmy_pv , pad_findmy_pvn , pad_findmy_sv , padnamelist_fetch , padnamelist_store , pad_setsv , pad_sv , pad_tidy , perl_alloc , perl_construct , perl_destruct , perl_free , perl_parse , perl_run , require_pv
Exception Handling (simple) Macros
dXCPT , XCPT_CATCH , XCPT_RETHROW , XCPT_TRY_END , XCPT_TRY_START
Functions in file scope.c
save_gp
Functions in file vutil.c
new_version , prescan_version , scan_version , upg_version , vcmp , vnormal , vnumify , vstringify , vverify
Gimme Values
G_ARRAY , G_DISCARD , G_EVAL , GIMME , GIMME_V , G_NOARGS , G_SCALAR , G_VOID
Global Variables
PL_check , PL_keyword_plugin
GV Functions
GvAV , gv_const_sv , GvCV , gv_fetchmeth , gv_fetchmethod_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_pv , gv_fetchmeth_pvn , gv_fetchmeth_pvn_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_pv_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_sv , gv_fetchmeth_sv_autoload , GvHV , gv_init , gv_init_pv , gv_init_pvn , gv_init_sv , gv_stashpv , gv_stashpvn , gv_stashpvs , gv_stashsv , GvSV , setdefout
Handy Values
Nullav , Nullch , Nullcv , Nullhv , Nullsv
Hash Manipulation Functions
cop_fetch_label , cop_store_label , get_hv , HEf_SVKEY , HeHASH , HeKEY , HeKLEN , HePV , HeSVKEY , HeSVKEY_force , HeSVKEY_set , HeUTF8 , HeVAL , hv_assert , hv_clear , hv_clear_placeholders , hv_copy_hints_hv , hv_delete , hv_delete_ent , HvENAME , HvENAMELEN , HvENAMEUTF8 , hv_exists , hv_exists_ent , hv_fetch , hv_fetchs , hv_fetch_ent , hv_fill , hv_iterinit , hv_iterkey , hv_iterkeysv , hv_iternext , hv_iternextsv , hv_iternext_flags , hv_iterval , hv_magic , HvNAME , HvNAMELEN , HvNAMEUTF8 , hv_scalar , hv_store , hv_stores , hv_store_ent , hv_undef , newHV
Hook manipulation
wrap_op_checker
Lexer interface
lex_bufutf8 , lex_discard_to , lex_grow_linestr , lex_next_chunk , lex_peek_unichar , lex_read_space , lex_read_to , lex_read_unichar , lex_start , lex_stuff_pv , lex_stuff_pvn , lex_stuff_pvs , lex_stuff_sv , lex_unstuff , parse_arithexpr , parse_barestmt , parse_block , parse_fullexpr , parse_fullstmt , parse_label , parse_listexpr , parse_stmtseq , parse_termexpr , PL_parser , PL_parser->bufend , PL_parser->bufptr , PL_parser->linestart , PL_parser->linestr
Locale-related functions and macros
DECLARATION_FOR_LC_NUMERIC_MANIPULATION , RESTORE_LC_NUMERIC , STORE_LC_NUMERIC_FORCE_TO_UNDERLYING , STORE_LC_NUMERIC_SET_TO_NEEDED , sync_locale
Magical Functions
mg_clear , mg_copy , mg_find , mg_findext , mg_free , mg_free_type , mg_get , mg_length , mg_magical , mg_set , SvGETMAGIC , SvLOCK , SvSETMAGIC , SvSetMagicSV , SvSetMagicSV_nosteal , SvSetSV , SvSetSV_nosteal , SvSHARE , SvUNLOCK
Memory Management
Copy , CopyD , Move , MoveD , Newx , Newxc , Newxz , Poison , PoisonFree , PoisonNew , PoisonWith , Renew , Renewc , Safefree , savepv , savepvn , savepvs , savesharedpv , savesharedpvn , savesharedpvs , savesharedsvpv , savesvpv , StructCopy , Zero , ZeroD
Miscellaneous Functions
dump_c_backtrace , fbm_compile , fbm_instr , foldEQ , foldEQ_locale , form , getcwd_sv , get_c_backtrace_dump , ibcmp , ibcmp_locale , is_safe_syscall , memEQ , memNE , mess , mess_sv , my_snprintf , my_sprintf , my_strlcat , my_strlcpy , my_vsnprintf , ninstr , PERL_SYS_INIT , PERL_SYS_INIT3 , PERL_SYS_TERM , quadmath_format_needed , quadmath_format_single , READ_XDIGIT , rninstr , strEQ , strGE , strGT , strLE , strLT , strNE , strnEQ , strnNE , sv_destroyable , sv_nosharing , vmess
MRO Functions
mro_get_linear_isa , mro_method_changed_in , mro_register
Multicall Functions
dMULTICALL , MULTICALL , POP_MULTICALL , PUSH_MULTICALL
Numeric functions
grok_bin , grok_hex , grok_infnan , grok_number , grok_number_flags , grok_numeric_radix , grok_oct , isinfnan , Perl_signbit , scan_bin , scan_hex , scan_oct
Obsolete backwards compatibility functions
custom_op_desc , custom_op_name , gv_fetchmethod , is_utf8_char , is_utf8_char_buf , pack_cat , pad_compname_type , sv_2pvbyte_nolen , sv_2pvutf8_nolen , sv_2pv_nolen , sv_catpvn_mg , sv_catsv_mg , sv_force_normal , sv_iv , sv_nolocking , sv_nounlocking , sv_nv , sv_pv , sv_pvbyte , sv_pvbyten , sv_pvn , sv_pvutf8 , sv_pvutf8n , sv_taint , sv_unref , sv_usepvn , sv_usepvn_mg , sv_uv , unpack_str , utf8_to_uvchr , utf8_to_uvuni
Optree construction
newASSIGNOP , newBINOP , newCONDOP , newDEFSVOP , newFOROP , newGIVENOP , newGVOP , newLISTOP , newLOGOP , newLOOPEX , newLOOPOP , newMETHOP , newMETHOP_named , newNULLLIST , newOP , newPADOP , newPMOP , newPVOP , newRANGE , newSLICEOP , newSTATEOP , newSVOP , newUNOP , newUNOP_AUX , newWHENOP , newWHILEOP
Optree Manipulation Functions
alloccopstash , block_end , block_start , ck_entersub_args_list , ck_entersub_args_proto , ck_entersub_args_proto_or_list , cv_const_sv , cv_get_call_checker , cv_set_call_checker , cv_set_call_checker_flags , LINKLIST , newCONSTSUB , newCONSTSUB_flags , newXS , op_append_elem , op_append_list , OP_CLASS , op_contextualize , op_convert_list , OP_DESC , op_free , OpHAS_SIBLING , OpLASTSIB_set , op_linklist , op_lvalue , OpMAYBESIB_set , OpMORESIB_set , OP_NAME , op_null , op_parent , op_prepend_elem , op_scope , OpSIBLING , op_sibling_splice , OP_TYPE_IS , OP_TYPE_IS_OR_WAS , rv2cv_op_cv
Pack and Unpack
packlist , unpackstring
Pad Data Structures
CvPADLIST , pad_add_name_pvs , PadARRAY , pad_findmy_pvs , PadlistARRAY , PadlistMAX , PadlistNAMES , PadlistNAMESARRAY , PadlistNAMESMAX , PadlistREFCNT , PadMAX , PadnameLEN , PadnamelistARRAY , PadnamelistMAX , PadnamelistREFCNT , PadnamelistREFCNT_dec , PadnamePV , PadnameREFCNT , PadnameREFCNT_dec , PadnameSV , PadnameUTF8 , pad_new , PL_comppad , PL_comppad_name , PL_curpad
Per-Interpreter Variables
PL_modglobal , PL_na , PL_opfreehook , PL_peepp , PL_rpeepp , PL_sv_no , PL_sv_undef , PL_sv_yes
REGEXP Functions
SvRX , SvRXOK
Stack Manipulation Macros
dMARK , dORIGMARK , dSP , EXTEND , MARK , mPUSHi , mPUSHn , mPUSHp , mPUSHs , mPUSHu , mXPUSHi , mXPUSHn , mXPUSHp , mXPUSHs , mXPUSHu , ORIGMARK , POPi , POPl , POPn , POPp , POPpbytex , POPpx , POPs , POPu , POPul , PUSHi , PUSHMARK , PUSHmortal , PUSHn , PUSHp , PUSHs , PUSHu , PUTBACK , SP , SPAGAIN , XPUSHi , XPUSHmortal , XPUSHn , XPUSHp , XPUSHs , XPUSHu , XSRETURN , XSRETURN_EMPTY , XSRETURN_IV , XSRETURN_NO , XSRETURN_NV , XSRETURN_PV , XSRETURN_UNDEF , XSRETURN_UV , XSRETURN_YES , XST_mIV , XST_mNO , XST_mNV , XST_mPV , XST_mUNDEF , XST_mYES
SV-Body Allocation
looks_like_number , newRV_noinc , newSV , newSVhek , newSViv , newSVnv , newSVpv , newSVpvf , newSVpvn , newSVpvn_flags , newSVpvn_share , newSVpvs , newSVpvs_flags , newSVpv_share , newSVpvs_share , newSVrv , newSVsv , newSV_type , newSVuv , sv_2bool , sv_2bool_flags , sv_2cv , sv_2io , sv_2iv_flags , sv_2mortal , sv_2nv_flags , sv_2pvbyte , sv_2pvutf8 , sv_2pv_flags , sv_2uv_flags , sv_backoff , sv_bless , sv_catpv , sv_catpvf , sv_catpvf_mg , sv_catpvn , sv_catpvn_flags , sv_catpvs , sv_catpvs_flags , sv_catpvs_mg , sv_catpvs_nomg , sv_catpv_flags , sv_catpv_mg , sv_catsv , sv_catsv_flags , sv_chop , sv_clear , sv_cmp , sv_cmp_flags , sv_cmp_locale , sv_cmp_locale_flags , sv_collxfrm , sv_collxfrm_flags , sv_copypv_flags , sv_copypv_nomg , sv_dec , sv_dec_nomg , sv_eq , sv_eq_flags , sv_force_normal_flags , sv_free , sv_gets , sv_get_backrefs , sv_grow , sv_inc , sv_inc_nomg , sv_insert , sv_insert_flags , sv_isa , sv_isobject , sv_len , sv_len_utf8 , sv_magic , sv_magicext , sv_mortalcopy , sv_newmortal , sv_newref , sv_pos_b2u , sv_pos_b2u_flags , sv_pos_u2b , sv_pos_u2b_flags , sv_pvbyten_force , sv_pvn_force , sv_pvn_force_flags , sv_pvutf8n_force , sv_ref , sv_reftype , sv_replace , sv_reset , sv_rvweaken , sv_setiv , sv_setiv_mg , sv_setnv , sv_setnv_mg , sv_setpv , sv_setpvf , sv_setpvf_mg , sv_setpviv , sv_setpviv_mg , sv_setpvn , sv_setpvn_mg , sv_setpvs , sv_setpvs_mg , sv_setpv_mg , sv_setref_iv , sv_setref_nv , sv_setref_pv , sv_setref_pvn , sv_setref_pvs , sv_setref_uv , sv_setsv , sv_setsv_flags , sv_setsv_mg , sv_setuv , sv_setuv_mg , sv_tainted , sv_true , sv_unmagic , sv_unmagicext , sv_unref_flags , sv_untaint , sv_upgrade , sv_usepvn_flags , sv_utf8_decode , sv_utf8_downgrade , sv_utf8_encode , sv_utf8_upgrade , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags_grow , sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg , sv_vcatpvf , sv_vcatpvfn , sv_vcatpvfn_flags , sv_vcatpvf_mg , sv_vsetpvf , sv_vsetpvfn , sv_vsetpvf_mg
SV Flags
SVt_INVLIST , SVt_IV , SVt_NULL , SVt_NV , SVt_PV , SVt_PVAV , SVt_PVCV , SVt_PVFM , SVt_PVGV , SVt_PVHV , SVt_PVIO , SVt_PVIV , SVt_PVLV , SVt_PVMG , SVt_PVNV , SVt_REGEXP , svtype
SV Manipulation Functions
boolSV , croak_xs_usage , get_sv , newRV_inc , newSVpadname , newSVpvn_utf8 , sv_catpvn_nomg , sv_catpv_nomg , sv_catsv_nomg , SvCUR , SvCUR_set , sv_derived_from , sv_derived_from_pv , sv_derived_from_pvn , sv_derived_from_sv , sv_does , sv_does_pv , sv_does_pvn , sv_does_sv , SvEND , SvGAMAGIC , SvGROW , SvIOK , SvIOK_notUV , SvIOK_off , SvIOK_on , SvIOK_only , SvIOK_only_UV , SvIOKp , SvIOK_UV , SvIsCOW , SvIsCOW_shared_hash , SvIV , SvIV_nomg , SvIV_set , SvIVX , SvIVx , SvLEN , SvLEN_set , SvMAGIC_set , SvNIOK , SvNIOK_off , SvNIOKp , SvNOK , SvNOK_off , SvNOK_on , SvNOK_only , SvNOKp , SvNV , SvNV_nomg , SvNV_set , SvNVX , SvNVx , SvOK , SvOOK , SvOOK_offset , SvPOK , SvPOK_off , SvPOK_on , SvPOK_only , SvPOK_only_UTF8 , SvPOKp , SvPV , SvPVbyte , SvPVbyte_force , SvPVbyte_nolen , SvPVbytex , SvPVbytex_force , SvPV_force , SvPV_force_nomg , SvPV_nolen , SvPV_nomg , SvPV_nomg_nolen , SvPV_set , SvPVutf8 , SvPVutf8x , SvPVutf8x_force , SvPVutf8_force , SvPVutf8_nolen , SvPVX , SvPVx , SvREFCNT , SvREFCNT_dec , SvREFCNT_dec_NN , SvREFCNT_inc , SvREFCNT_inc_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_void , SvREFCNT_inc_void_NN , sv_report_used , SvROK , SvROK_off , SvROK_on , SvRV , SvRV_set , sv_setsv_nomg , SvSTASH , SvSTASH_set , SvTAINT , SvTAINTED , SvTAINTED_off , SvTAINTED_on , SvTRUE , SvTRUE_nomg , SvTYPE , SvUOK , SvUPGRADE , SvUTF8 , sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg , SvUTF8_off , SvUTF8_on , SvUV , SvUV_nomg , SvUV_set , SvUVX , SvUVx , SvVOK
Unicode Support
bytes_cmp_utf8 , bytes_from_utf8 , bytes_to_utf8 , DO_UTF8 , foldEQ_utf8 , is_ascii_string , is_invariant_string , is_utf8_string , is_utf8_string_loc , is_utf8_string_loclen , isUTF8_CHAR , pv_uni_display , sv_cat_decode , sv_recode_to_utf8 , sv_uni_display , to_utf8_case , to_utf8_fold , to_utf8_lower , to_utf8_title , to_utf8_upper , utf8n_to_uvchr , utf8n_to_uvuni , UTF8SKIP , utf8_distance , utf8_hop , utf8_length , utf8_to_bytes , utf8_to_uvchr_buf , utf8_to_uvuni_buf , UVCHR_SKIP , uvchr_to_utf8 , uvchr_to_utf8_flags , uvoffuni_to_utf8_flags , uvuni_to_utf8_flags
Variables created by xsubpp and xsubpp internal functions
newXSproto , XS_APIVERSION_BOOTCHECK , XS_VERSION , XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK
Warning and Dieing
croak , croak_no_modify , croak_sv , die , die_sv , vcroak , vwarn , warn , warn_sv
Undocumented functions
GetVars , Gv_AMupdate , PerlIO_clearerr , PerlIO_close , PerlIO_context_layers , PerlIO_eof , PerlIO_error , PerlIO_fileno , PerlIO_fill , PerlIO_flush , PerlIO_get_base , PerlIO_get_bufsiz , PerlIO_get_cnt , PerlIO_get_ptr , PerlIO_read , PerlIO_seek , PerlIO_set_cnt , PerlIO_set_ptrcnt , PerlIO_setlinebuf , PerlIO_stderr , PerlIO_stdin , PerlIO_stdout , PerlIO_tell , PerlIO_unread , PerlIO_write , amagic_call , amagic_deref_call , any_dup , atfork_lock , atfork_unlock , av_arylen_p , av_iter_p , block_gimme , call_atexit , call_list , calloc , cast_i32 , cast_iv , cast_ulong , cast_uv , ck_warner , ck_warner_d , ckwarn , ckwarn_d , clear_defarray , clone_params_del , clone_params_new , croak_memory_wrap , croak_nocontext , csighandler , cx_dump , cx_dup , cxinc , deb , deb_nocontext , debop , debprofdump , debstack , debstackptrs , delimcpy , despatch_signals , die_nocontext , dirp_dup , do_aspawn , do_binmode , do_close , do_gv_dump , do_gvgv_dump , do_hv_dump , do_join , do_magic_dump , do_op_dump , do_open , do_open9 , do_openn , do_pmop_dump , do_spawn , do_spawn_nowait , do_sprintf , do_sv_dump , doing_taint , doref , dounwind , dowantarray , dump_eval , dump_form , dump_indent , dump_mstats , dump_sub , dump_vindent , filter_add , filter_del , filter_read , foldEQ_latin1 , form_nocontext , fp_dup , fprintf_nocontext , free_global_struct , free_tmps , get_context , get_mstats , get_op_descs , get_op_names , get_ppaddr , get_vtbl , gp_dup , gp_free , gp_ref , gv_AVadd , gv_HVadd , gv_IOadd , gv_SVadd , gv_add_by_type , gv_autoload4 , gv_autoload_pv , gv_autoload_pvn , gv_autoload_sv , gv_check , gv_dump , gv_efullname , gv_efullname3 , gv_efullname4 , gv_fetchfile , gv_fetchfile_flags , gv_fetchpv , gv_fetchpvn_flags , gv_fetchsv , gv_fullname , gv_fullname3 , gv_fullname4 , gv_handler , gv_name_set , he_dup , hek_dup , hv_common , hv_common_key_len , hv_delayfree_ent , hv_eiter_p , hv_eiter_set , hv_free_ent , hv_ksplit , hv_name_set , hv_placeholders_get , hv_placeholders_set , hv_rand_set , hv_riter_p , hv_riter_set , ibcmp_utf8 , init_global_struct , init_stacks , init_tm , instr , is_lvalue_sub , leave_scope , load_module_nocontext , magic_dump , malloc , markstack_grow , mess_nocontext , mfree , mg_dup , mg_size , mini_mktime , moreswitches , mro_get_from_name , mro_get_private_data , mro_set_mro , mro_set_private_data , my_atof , my_atof2 , my_bcopy , my_bzero , my_chsize , my_cxt_index , my_cxt_init , my_dirfd , my_exit , my_failure_exit , my_fflush_all , my_fork , my_lstat , my_memcmp , my_memset , my_pclose , my_popen , my_popen_list , my_setenv , my_socketpair , my_stat , my_strftime , newANONATTRSUB , newANONHASH , newANONLIST , newANONSUB , newATTRSUB , newAVREF , newCVREF , newFORM , newGVREF , newGVgen , newGVgen_flags , newHVREF , newHVhv , newIO , newMYSUB , newPROG , newRV , newSUB , newSVREF , newSVpvf_nocontext , new_stackinfo , op_refcnt_lock , op_refcnt_unlock , parser_dup , perl_alloc_using , perl_clone_using , pmop_dump , pop_scope , pregcomp , pregexec , pregfree , pregfree2 , printf_nocontext , ptr_table_fetch , ptr_table_free , ptr_table_new , ptr_table_split , ptr_table_store , push_scope , re_compile , re_dup_guts , re_intuit_start , re_intuit_string , realloc , reentrant_free , reentrant_init , reentrant_retry , reentrant_size , ref , reg_named_buff_all , reg_named_buff_exists , reg_named_buff_fetch , reg_named_buff_firstkey , reg_named_buff_nextkey , reg_named_buff_scalar , regdump , regdupe_internal , regexec_flags , regfree_internal , reginitcolors , regnext , repeatcpy , rsignal , rsignal_state , runops_debug , runops_standard , rvpv_dup , safesyscalloc , safesysfree , safesysmalloc , safesysrealloc , save_I16 , save_I32 , save_I8 , save_adelete , save_aelem , save_aelem_flags , save_alloc , save_aptr , save_ary , save_bool , save_clearsv , save_delete , save_destructor , save_destructor_x , save_freeop , save_freepv , save_freesv , save_generic_pvref , save_generic_svref , save_hash , save_hdelete , save_helem , save_helem_flags , save_hints , save_hptr , save_int , save_item , save_iv , save_list , save_long , save_mortalizesv , save_nogv , save_op , save_padsv_and_mortalize , save_pptr , save_pushi32ptr , save_pushptr , save_pushptrptr , save_re_context , save_scalar , save_set_svflags , save_shared_pvref , save_sptr , save_svref , save_vptr , savestack_grow , savestack_grow_cnt , scan_num , scan_vstring , seed , set_context , set_numeric_local , set_numeric_radix , set_numeric_standard , share_hek , si_dup , ss_dup , stack_grow , start_subparse , str_to_version , sv_2iv , sv_2pv , sv_2uv , sv_catpvf_mg_nocontext , sv_catpvf_nocontext , sv_dup , sv_dup_inc , sv_peek , sv_pvn_nomg , sv_setpvf_mg_nocontext , sv_setpvf_nocontext , sys_init , sys_init3 , sys_intern_clear , sys_intern_dup , sys_intern_init , sys_term , taint_env , taint_proper , unlnk , unsharepvn , utf16_to_utf8 , utf16_to_utf8_reversed , uvuni_to_utf8 , vdeb , vform , vload_module , vnewSVpvf , vwarner , warn_nocontext , warner , warner_nocontext , whichsig , whichsig_pv , whichsig_pvn , whichsig_sv
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
 

perlintern - autogenerated documentation of purely internal Perl functions

DESCRIPTION
Compile-time scope hooks
BhkENTRY , BhkFLAGS , CALL_BLOCK_HOOKS
Custom Operators
core_prototype
CV Manipulation Functions
docatch
CV reference counts and CvOUTSIDE
CvWEAKOUTSIDE
Embedding Functions
cv_dump , cv_forget_slab , do_dump_pad , pad_alloc_name , pad_block_start , pad_check_dup , pad_findlex , pad_fixup_inner_anons , pad_free , pad_leavemy , padlist_dup , padname_dup , padnamelist_dup , pad_push , pad_reset , pad_swipe
GV Functions
gv_try_downgrade
Hash Manipulation Functions
hv_ename_add , hv_ename_delete , refcounted_he_chain_2hv , refcounted_he_fetch_pv , refcounted_he_fetch_pvn , refcounted_he_fetch_pvs , refcounted_he_fetch_sv , refcounted_he_free , refcounted_he_inc , refcounted_he_new_pv , refcounted_he_new_pvn , refcounted_he_new_pvs , refcounted_he_new_sv
IO Functions
start_glob
Lexer interface
validate_proto
Magical Functions
magic_clearhint , magic_clearhints , magic_methcall , magic_sethint , mg_localize
Miscellaneous Functions
free_c_backtrace , get_c_backtrace
MRO Functions
mro_get_linear_isa_dfs , mro_isa_changed_in , mro_package_moved
Optree Manipulation Functions
finalize_optree
Pad Data Structures
CX_CURPAD_SAVE , CX_CURPAD_SV , PAD_BASE_SV , PAD_CLONE_VARS , PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set , PAD_COMPNAME_OURSTASH , PAD_COMPNAME_PV , PAD_COMPNAME_TYPE , PadnameIsOUR , PadnameIsSTATE , PadnameOURSTASH , PadnameOUTER , PadnameTYPE , PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD , PAD_SETSV , PAD_SET_CUR , PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE , PAD_SV , PAD_SVl , SAVECLEARSV , SAVECOMPPAD , SAVEPADSV
Per-Interpreter Variables
PL_DBsingle , PL_DBsub , PL_DBtrace , PL_dowarn , PL_last_in_gv , PL_ofsgv , PL_rs
Stack Manipulation Macros
djSP , LVRET
SV-Body Allocation
sv_2num , sv_copypv
SV Manipulation Functions
sv_add_arena , sv_clean_all , sv_clean_objs , sv_free_arenas , SvTHINKFIRST
Unicode Support
find_uninit_var , report_uninit
Undocumented functions
PerlIO_restore_errno , PerlIO_save_errno , Slab_Alloc , Slab_Free , Slab_to_ro , Slab_to_rw , _add_range_to_invlist , _core_swash_init , _get_encoding , _get_swash_invlist , _invlistEQ , _invlist_array_init , _invlist_contains_cp , _invlist_dump , _invlist_intersection , _invlist_intersection_maybe_complement_2nd , _invlist_invert , _invlist_len , _invlist_populate_swatch , _invlist_search , _invlist_subtract , _invlist_union , _invlist_union_maybe_complement_2nd , _load_PL_utf8_foldclosures , _new_invlist , _setup_canned_invlist , _swash_inversion_hash , _swash_to_invlist , _to_fold_latin1 , _to_upper_title_latin1 , _warn_problematic_locale , add_cp_to_invlist , alloc_maybe_populate_EXACT , allocmy , amagic_is_enabled , apply , av_extend_guts , av_reify , bind_match , boot_core_PerlIO , boot_core_UNIVERSAL , boot_core_mro , cando , check_utf8_print , ck_anoncode , ck_backtick , ck_bitop , ck_cmp , ck_concat , ck_defined , ck_delete , ck_each , ck_entersub_args_core , ck_eof , ck_eval , ck_exec , ck_exists , ck_ftst , ck_fun , ck_glob , ck_grep , ck_index , ck_join , ck_length , ck_lfun , ck_listiob , ck_match , ck_method , ck_null , ck_open , ck_prototype , ck_readline , ck_refassign , ck_repeat , ck_require , ck_return , ck_rfun , ck_rvconst , ck_sassign , ck_select , ck_shift , ck_smartmatch , ck_sort , ck_spair , ck_split , ck_stringify , ck_subr , ck_substr , ck_svconst , ck_tell , ck_trunc , closest_cop , compute_EXACTish , coresub_op , create_eval_scope , croak_no_mem , croak_popstack , current_re_engine , custom_op_get_field , cv_ckproto_len_flags , cv_clone_into , cv_const_sv_or_av , cv_undef_flags , cvgv_from_hek , cvgv_set , cvstash_set , deb_stack_all , defelem_target , delete_eval_scope , delimcpy_no_escape , die_unwind , do_aexec , do_aexec5 , do_eof , do_exec , do_exec3 , do_execfree , do_ipcctl , do_ipcget , do_msgrcv , do_msgsnd , do_ncmp , do_open6 , do_open_raw , do_print , do_readline , do_seek , do_semop , do_shmio , do_sysseek , do_tell , do_trans , do_vecget , do_vecset , do_vop , dofile , drand48_init_r , drand48_r , dtrace_probe_call , dtrace_probe_load , dtrace_probe_op , dtrace_probe_phase , dump_all_perl , dump_packsubs_perl , dump_sub_perl , dump_sv_child , emulate_cop_io , feature_is_enabled , find_lexical_cv , find_runcv_where , find_script , form_short_octal_warning , free_tied_hv_pool , get_and_check_backslash_N_name , get_db_sub , get_debug_opts , get_hash_seed , get_invlist_iter_addr , get_invlist_offset_addr , get_invlist_previous_index_addr , get_no_modify , get_opargs , get_re_arg , getenv_len , grok_atoUV , grok_bslash_c , grok_bslash_o , grok_bslash_x , gv_fetchmeth_internal , gv_override , gv_setref , gv_stashpvn_internal , gv_stashsvpvn_cached , handle_named_backref , hfree_next_entry , hv_backreferences_p , hv_kill_backrefs , hv_placeholders_p , hv_undef_flags , init_argv_symbols , init_constants , init_dbargs , init_debugger , invert , invlist_array , invlist_clear , invlist_clone , invlist_highest , invlist_is_iterating , invlist_iterfinish , invlist_iterinit , invlist_max , invlist_previous_index , invlist_set_len , invlist_set_previous_index , invlist_trim , io_close , isGCB , is_utf8_common , isinfnansv , jmaybe , keyword , keyword_plugin_standard , list , localize , magic_clear_all_env , magic_cleararylen_p , magic_clearenv , magic_clearisa , magic_clearpack , magic_clearsig , magic_copycallchecker , magic_existspack , magic_freearylen_p , magic_freeovrld , magic_get , magic_getarylen , magic_getdebugvar , magic_getdefelem , magic_getnkeys , magic_getpack , magic_getpos , magic_getsig , magic_getsubstr , magic_gettaint , magic_getuvar , magic_getvec , magic_killbackrefs , magic_nextpack , magic_regdata_cnt , magic_regdatum_get , magic_regdatum_set , magic_scalarpack , magic_set , magic_set_all_env , magic_setarylen , magic_setcollxfrm , magic_setdbline , magic_setdebugvar , magic_setdefelem , magic_setenv , magic_setisa , magic_setlvref , magic_setmglob , magic_setnkeys , magic_setpack , magic_setpos , magic_setregexp , magic_setsig , magic_setsubstr , magic_settaint , magic_setutf8 , magic_setuvar , magic_setvec , magic_sizepack , magic_wipepack , malloc_good_size , malloced_size , mem_collxfrm , mem_log_alloc , mem_log_free , mem_log_realloc , mg_find_mglob , mode_from_discipline , more_bodies , mro_meta_dup , mro_meta_init , multideref_stringify , my_attrs , my_clearenv , my_lstat_flags , my_stat_flags , my_unexec , newATTRSUB_x , newGP , newMETHOP_internal , newSTUB , newSVavdefelem , newXS_deffile , newXS_len_flags , new_warnings_bitfield , nextargv , noperl_die , oopsAV , oopsHV , op_clear , op_integerize , op_lvalue_flags , op_refcnt_dec , op_refcnt_inc , op_relocate_sv , op_std_init , op_unscope , opmethod_stash , opslab_force_free , opslab_free , opslab_free_nopad , package , package_version , pad_add_weakref , padlist_store , padname_free , padnamelist_free , parse_subsignature , parse_unicode_opts , parser_free , parser_free_nexttoke_ops , path_is_searchable , peep , pmruntime , populate_isa , ptr_hash , qerror , re_exec_indentf , re_indentf , re_op_compile , re_printf , reg_named_buff , reg_named_buff_iter , reg_numbered_buff_fetch , reg_numbered_buff_length , reg_numbered_buff_store , reg_qr_package , reg_skipcomment , reg_temp_copy , regcurly , regprop , report_evil_fh , report_redefined_cv , report_wrongway_fh , rpeep , rsignal_restore , rsignal_save , rxres_save , same_dirent , save_strlen , sawparens , scalar , scalarvoid , set_caret_X , set_padlist , should_warn_nl , sighandler , softref2xv , ssc_add_range , ssc_clear_locale , ssc_cp_and , ssc_intersection , ssc_union , sub_crush_depth , sv_add_backref , sv_buf_to_ro , sv_del_backref , sv_free2 , sv_kill_backrefs , sv_len_utf8_nomg , sv_magicext_mglob , sv_mortalcopy_flags , sv_only_taint_gmagic , sv_or_pv_pos_u2b , sv_resetpvn , sv_sethek , sv_setsv_cow , sv_unglob , tied_method , tmps_grow_p , translate_substr_offsets , try_amagic_bin , try_amagic_un , unshare_hek , utilize , varname , vivify_defelem , vivify_ref , wait4pid , was_lvalue_sub , watch , win32_croak_not_implemented , write_to_stderr , xs_boot_epilog , xs_handshake , yyerror , yyerror_pv , yyerror_pvn , yylex , yyparse , yyunlex
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
 

perliol - C API for Perl's implementation of IO in Layers.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
History and Background
Basic Structure
Layers vs Disciplines
Data Structures
Functions and Attributes
Per-instance Data
Layers in action.
Per-instance flag bits
PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE, PERLIO_F_CANREAD, PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUNCATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND, PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF, PERLIO_F_WRBUF, PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF, PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN, PERLIO_F_FASTGETS
Methods in Detail
fsize, name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED, PERLIO_K_RAW, PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PERLIO_K_FASTGETS, PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, Pushed, Popped, Open, Binmode, Getarg, Fileno, Dup, Read, Write, Seek, Tell, Close, Flush, Fill, Eof, Error,  Clearerr, Setlinebuf, Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt,
Set_ptrcnt
Utilities
Implementing PerlIO Layers
C implementations, Perl implementations
Core Layers
``unix'', ``perlio'', ``stdio'', ``crlf'', ``mmap'', ``pending'', ``raw'', ``utf8''
Extension Layers
``:encoding'', ``:scalar'', ``:via''
TODO
 

perlapio - perl's IO abstraction interface.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_PERLIO, PerlIO_stdin(), PerlIO_stdout(), PerlIO_stderr(), PerlIO_open(path, mode), PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode), PerlIO_reopen(path,mode,f), PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...), PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a), PerlIO_stdoutf(fmt,...), PerlIO_read(f,buf,count), PerlIO_write(f,buf,count), PerlIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s), PerlIO_putc(f,c), PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f), PerlIO_eof(f), PerlIO_error(f), PerlIO_fileno(f), PerlIO_clearerr(f), PerlIO_flush(f), PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence), PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p), PerlIO_setpos(f,p), PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(), PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)
Co-existence with stdio
PerlIO_importFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_exportFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f), PerlIO_findFILE(f)
Fast gets Functions
PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f), PerlIO_get_cnt(f), PerlIO_get_ptr(f), PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c), PerlIO_canset_cnt(f), PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), PerlIO_has_base(f), PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)
Other Functions
PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers), PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), '<' read, '>' write, '+' read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)
 

perlhack - How to hack on Perl

DESCRIPTION
SUPER QUICK PATCH GUIDE
Check out the source repository, Ensure you're following the latest advice, Make your change, Test your change, Commit your change, Send your change to perlbug, Thank you, Next time
BUG REPORTING
PERL 5 PORTERS
perl-changes mailing list
#p5p on IRC
GETTING THE PERL SOURCE
Read access via Git
Read access via the web
Read access via rsync
Write access via git
PATCHING PERL
Submitting patches
Getting your patch accepted
Why, What, How
Patching a core module
Updating perldelta
What makes for a good patch?
TESTING
t/base, t/comp and t/opbasic, t/cmd, t/run, t/io and t/op, Everything else
Special make test targets
test_porting, minitest, test.valgrind check.valgrind, test_harness, test-notty test_notty
Parallel tests
Running tests by hand
Using t/harness for testing
-v, -torture, -re=PATTERN, -re LIST OF PATTERNS, PERL_CORE=1, PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL=2, PERL, PERL_SKIP_TTY_TEST, PERL_TEST_Net_Ping, PERL_TEST_NOVREXX, PERL_TEST_NUMCONVERTS, PERL_TEST_MEMORY
Performance testing
MORE READING FOR GUTS HACKERS
perlsource, perlinterp, perlhacktut, perlhacktips, perlguts, perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi, Porting/pumpkin.pod
CPAN TESTERS AND PERL SMOKERS
WHAT NEXT?
The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began.
Metaphoric Quotations
AUTHOR
 

perlsource - A guide to the Perl source tree

DESCRIPTION
FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND
C code
Core modules
lib/, ext/, dist/, cpan/
Tests
Module tests, t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/mro/, t/op/, t/opbasic/, t/re/, t/run/, t/uni/, t/win32/, t/porting/, t/lib/
Documentation
Hacking tools and documentation
check*, Maintainers, Maintainers.pl, and Maintainers.pm, podtidy
Build system
AUTHORS
MANIFEST
 

perlinterp - An overview of the Perl interpreter

DESCRIPTION
ELEMENTS OF THE INTERPRETER
Startup
Parsing
Optimization
Running
Exception handing
INTERNAL VARIABLE TYPES
OP TREES
STACKS
Argument stack
Mark stack
Save stack
MILLIONS OF MACROS
FURTHER READING
 

perlhacktut - Walk through the creation of a simple C code patch

DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE PATCH
Writing the patch
Testing the patch
Documenting the patch
Submit
AUTHOR
 

perlhacktips - Tips for Perl core C code hacking

DESCRIPTION
COMMON PROBLEMS
Perl environment problems
Portability problems
Problematic System Interfaces
Security problems
DEBUGGING
Poking at Perl
Using a source-level debugger
run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx, step, next, continue, finish, 'enter', ptype, print
gdb macro support
Dumping Perl Data Structures
Using gdb to look at specific parts of a program
Using gdb to look at what the parser/lexer are doing
SOURCE CODE STATIC ANALYSIS
lint, splint
Coverity
HP-UX cadvise (Code Advisor)
cpd (cut-and-paste detector)
gcc warnings
Warnings of other C compilers
MEMORY DEBUGGERS
valgrind
AddressSanitizer
-Dcc=clang, -Accflags=-faddress-sanitizer, -Aldflags=-faddress-sanitizer, -Alddlflags=-shared\ -faddress-sanitizer
PROFILING
Gprof Profiling
-a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z
GCC gcov Profiling
MISCELLANEOUS TRICKS
PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
PERL_MEM_LOG
DDD over gdb
C backtrace
Linux, OS X, get_c_backtrace, free_c_backtrace, get_c_backtrace_dump, dump_c_backtrace
Poison
Read-only optrees
When is a bool not a bool?
The .i Targets
AUTHOR
 

perlpolicy - Various and sundry policies and commitments related to the Perl core

DESCRIPTION
GOVERNANCE
Perl 5 Porters
MAINTENANCE AND SUPPORT
BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY AND DEPRECATION
Terminology
experimental, deprecated, discouraged, removed
MAINTENANCE BRANCHES
Getting changes into a maint branch
CONTRIBUTED MODULES
A Social Contract about Artistic Control
DOCUMENTATION
STANDARDS OF CONDUCT
CREDITS
 

perlgit - Detailed information about git and the Perl repository

DESCRIPTION
CLONING THE REPOSITORY
WORKING WITH THE REPOSITORY
Finding out your status
Patch workflow
Committing your changes
Sending patch emails
A note on derived files
Cleaning a working directory
Bisecting
Topic branches and rewriting history
Grafts
WRITE ACCESS TO THE GIT REPOSITORY
Accepting a patch
Committing to blead
On merging and rebasing
Committing to maintenance versions
Merging from a branch via GitHub
Using a smoke-me branch to test changes
A note on camel and dromedary
 

perlbook - Books about and related to Perl

DESCRIPTION
The most popular books
Programming Perl (the ``Camel Book''):, The Perl Cookbook (the ``Ram Book''):, Learning Perl (the ``Llama Book''), Intermediate Perl (the ``Alpaca Book'')
References
Perl 5 Pocket Reference, Perl Debugger Pocket Reference, Regular Expression Pocket Reference
Tutorials
Beginning Perl, Learning Perl (the ``Llama Book''), Intermediate Perl (the ``Alpaca Book''), Mastering Perl, Effective Perl Programming
Task-Oriented
Writing Perl Modules for CPAN, The Perl Cookbook, Automating System Administration with Perl, Real World SQL Server Administration with Perl
Special Topics
Regular Expressions Cookbook, Programming the Perl DBI, Perl Best Practices, Higher-Order Perl, Mastering Regular Expressions, Network Programming with Perl, Perl Template Toolkit, Object Oriented Perl, Data Munging with Perl, Mastering Perl/Tk, Extending and Embedding Perl, Pro Perl Debugging
Free (as in beer) books
Other interesting, non-Perl books
Programming Pearls, More Programming Pearls
A note on freshness
Get your book listed
 

perlcommunity - a brief overview of the Perl community

DESCRIPTION
Where to Find the Community
Mailing Lists and Newsgroups
IRC
Websites
<http://perl.com/>, <http://blogs.perl.org/>, <http://perlsphere.net/>, <http://perlweekly.com/>, <http://use.perl.org/>, <http://www.perlmonks.org/>, <http://stackoverflow.com/>, <http://prepan.org/>
User Groups
Workshops
Hackathons
Conventions
Calendar of Perl Events
AUTHOR
 

perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
-h, -D, -t, -u, -m module, -l, -F, -f perlfunc, -q perlfaq-search-regexp, -a perlapifunc, -v perlvar, -T, -d destination-filename, -o output-formatname, -M module-name, -w option:value or -w option, -X, -L language_code, PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL, -n some-formatter, -r, -i, -V
SECURITY
ENVIRONMENT
CHANGES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

perlhist - the Perl history records

DESCRIPTION
INTRODUCTION
THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
PUMPKIN?
THE RECORDS
SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
SELECTED PATCH SIZES
THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS
 

perldelta - what is new for perl v5.24.2

DESCRIPTION
Security
Improved handling of '.' in @INC in base.pm
Escaped colons and relative paths in PATH
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5242delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.24.2

DESCRIPTION
Security
Improved handling of '.' in @INC in base.pm
Escaped colons and relative paths in PATH
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5241delta - what is new for perl v5.24.1

DESCRIPTION
Security
-Di switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
Core modules and tools no longer search . for optional modules
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Testing
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5240delta - what is new for perl v5.24.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Postfix dereferencing is no longer experimental
Unicode 8.0 is now supported
perl will now croak when closing an in-place output file fails
New \b{lb} boundary in regular expressions
qr/(?[ ])/ now works in UTF-8 locales
Integer shift (<< and >>) now more explicitly defined
printf and sprintf now allow reordered precision arguments
More fields provided to sigaction callback with SA_SIGINFO
Hashbang redirection to Perl 6
Security
Set proper umask before calling mkstemp(3)
Fix out of boundary access in Win32 path handling
Fix loss of taint in canonpath
Avoid accessing uninitialized memory in win32 crypt()
Remove duplicate environment variables from environ
Incompatible Changes
The autoderef feature has been removed
Lexical $_ has been removed
qr/\b{wb}/ is now tailored to Perl expectations
Regular expression compilation errors
qr/\N{}/ now disallowed under use re strict
Nested declarations are now disallowed
The /\C/ character class has been removed.
chdir('') no longer chdirs home
ASCII characters in variable names must now be all visible
An off by one issue in $Carp::MaxArgNums has been fixed
Only blanks and tabs are now allowed within [...] within (?[...]).
Deprecations
Using code points above the platform's IV_MAX is now deprecated
Doing bitwise operations on strings containing code points above 0xFF is deprecated
sysread(), syswrite(), recv() and send() are deprecated on :utf8 handles
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
AmigaOS, Cygwin, EBCDIC, UTF-EBCDIC extended, EBCDIC "cmp()" and "sort()" fixed for UTF-EBCDIC strings, EBCDIC "tr///" and "y///" fixed for "\N{}", and "use utf8" ranges, FreeBSD, IRIX, MacOS X, Solaris, Tru64, VMS, Win32, ppc64el, floating point
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Algorithm::Permute, Coro, Data::Alias, RPerl, Scope::Upper, TryCatch
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5223delta - what is new for perl v5.22.3

DESCRIPTION
Security
-Di switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
Core modules and tools no longer search . for optional modules
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Testing
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5222delta - what is new for perl v5.22.2

DESCRIPTION
Security
Fix out of boundary access in Win32 path handling
Fix loss of taint in canonpath()
Set proper umask before calling mkstemp(3)
Avoid accessing uninitialized memory in Win32 crypt()
Remove duplicate environment variables from environ
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
Darwin, OS X/Darwin, ppc64el, Tru64
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5221delta - what is new for perl v5.22.1

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Bounds Checking Constructs
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
IRIX
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5220delta - what is new for perl v5.22.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
New bitwise operators
New double-diamond operator
New \b boundaries in regular expressions
Non-Capturing Regular Expression Flag
use re 'strict'
Unicode 7.0 (with correction) is now supported
use locale can restrict which locale categories are affected
Perl now supports POSIX 2008 locale currency additions
Better heuristics on older platforms for determining locale UTF-8ness
Aliasing via reference
prototype with no arguments
New :const subroutine attribute
fileno now works on directory handles
List form of pipe open implemented for Win32
Assignment to list repetition
Infinity and NaN (not-a-number) handling improved
Floating point parsing has been improved
Packing infinity or not-a-number into a character is now fatal
Experimental C Backtrace API
Security
Perl is now compiled with -fstack-protector-strong if available
The Safe module could allow outside packages to be replaced
Perl is now always compiled with -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 if available
Incompatible Changes
Subroutine signatures moved before attributes
& and \& prototypes accepts only subs
use encoding is now lexical
List slices returning empty lists
\N{} with a sequence of multiple spaces is now a fatal error
use UNIVERSAL '...' is now a fatal error
In double-quotish \cX, X must now be a printable ASCII character
Splitting the tokens (? and (* in regular expressions is now a fatal compilation error.
qr/foo/x now ignores all Unicode pattern white space
Comment lines within (?[ ]) are now ended only by a \n
(?[...]) operators now follow standard Perl precedence
Omitting % and @ on hash and array names is no longer permitted
$! text is now in English outside the scope of use locale
$! text will be returned in UTF-8 when appropriate
Support for ?PATTERN? without explicit operator has been removed
defined(@array) and defined(%hash) are now fatal errors
Using a hash or an array as a reference are now fatal errors
Changes to the * prototype
Deprecations
Setting ${^ENCODING} to anything but undef
Use of non-graphic characters in single-character variable names
Inlining of sub () { $var } with observable side-effects
Use of multiple /x regexp modifiers
Using a NO-BREAK space in a character alias for \N{...} is now deprecated
A literal { should now be escaped in a pattern
Making all warnings fatal is discouraged
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Diagnostic Removals
Utility Changes
find2perl, s2p and a2p removal
h2ph
encguess
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support
Regained Platforms
IRIX and Tru64 platforms are working again, z/OS running EBCDIC Code Page 1047
Discontinued Platforms
NeXTSTEP/OPENSTEP
Platform-Specific Notes
EBCDIC, HP-UX, Android, VMS, Win32, OpenBSD, Solaris
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5203delta - what is new for perl v5.20.3

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Utility Changes
h2ph
Testing
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
Win32
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5202delta - what is new for perl v5.20.2

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Testing
Platform Support
Regained Platforms
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Errata From Previous Releases
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5201delta - what is new for perl v5.20.1

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
Android, OpenBSD, Solaris, VMS, Windows
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5200delta - what is new for perl v5.20.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Experimental Subroutine signatures
subs now take a prototype attribute
More consistent prototype parsing
rand now uses a consistent random number generator
New slice syntax
Experimental Postfix Dereferencing
Unicode 6.3 now supported
New \p{Unicode} regular expression pattern property
Better 64-bit support
use locale now works on UTF-8 locales
use locale now compiles on systems without locale ability
More locale initialization fallback options
-DL runtime option now added for tracing locale setting
-F now implies -a and -a implies -n
$a and $b warnings exemption
Security
Avoid possible read of free()d memory during parsing
Incompatible Changes
do can no longer be used to call subroutines
Quote-like escape changes
Tainting happens under more circumstances; now conforms to documentation
\p{}, \P{} matching has changed for non-Unicode code points.
\p{All} has been expanded to match all possible code points
Data::Dumper's output may change
Locale decimal point character no longer leaks outside of use locale scope
Assignments of Windows sockets error codes to $! now prefer errno.h values over WSAGetLastError() values
Functions PerlIO_vsprintf and PerlIO_sprintf have been removed
Deprecations
The /\C/ character class
Literal control characters in variable names
References to non-integers and non-positive integers in $/
Character matching routines in POSIX
Interpreter-based threads are now discouraged
Module removals
CGI and its associated CGI:: packages, inc::latest, Package::Constants, Module::Build and its associated Module::Build:: packages
Utility removals
find2perl, s2p, a2p
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support
New Platforms
Android, Bitrig, FreeMiNT, Synology
Discontinued Platforms
"sfio", AT&T 3b1, DG/UX, EBCDIC
Platform-Specific Notes
Cygwin, GNU/Hurd, Linux, Mac OS, MidnightBSD, Mixed-endian platforms, VMS, Win32, WinCE
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Regular Expressions
Perl 5 Debugger and -d
Lexical Subroutines
Everything Else
Known Problems
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5184delta - what is new for perl v5.18.4

DESCRIPTION
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
Win32
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5182delta - what is new for perl v5.18.2

DESCRIPTION
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5181delta - what is new for perl v5.18.1

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
AIX, MidnightBSD
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5180delta - what is new for perl v5.18.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
New mechanism for experimental features
Hash overhaul
Upgrade to Unicode 6.2
Character name aliases may now include non-Latin1-range characters
New DTrace probes
${^LAST_FH}
Regular Expression Set Operations
Lexical subroutines
Computed Labels
More CORE:: subs
kill with negative signal names
Security
See also: hash overhaul
Storable security warning in documentation
Locale::Maketext allowed code injection via a malicious template
Avoid calling memset with a negative count
Incompatible Changes
See also: hash overhaul
An unknown character name in \N{...} is now a syntax error
Formerly deprecated characters in \N{} character name aliases are now errors.
\N{BELL} now refers to U+1F514 instead of U+0007
New Restrictions in Multi-Character Case-Insensitive Matching in Regular Expression Bracketed Character Classes
Explicit rules for variable names and identifiers
Vertical tabs are now whitespace
/(?{})/ and /(??{})/ have been heavily reworked
Stricter parsing of substitution replacement
given now aliases the global $_
The smartmatch family of features are now experimental
Lexical $_ is now experimental
readline() with $/ = \N now reads N characters, not N bytes
Overridden glob is now passed one argument
Here doc parsing
Alphanumeric operators must now be separated from the closing delimiter of regular expressions
qw(...) can no longer be used as parentheses
Interaction of lexical and default warnings
state sub and our sub
Defined values stored in environment are forced to byte strings
require dies for unreadable files
gv_fetchmeth_* and SUPER
split's first argument is more consistently interpreted
Deprecations
Module removals
encoding, Archive::Extract, B::Lint, B::Lint::Debug, CPANPLUS and all included "CPANPLUS::*" modules, Devel::InnerPackage, Log::Message, Log::Message::Config, Log::Message::Handlers, Log::Message::Item, Log::Message::Simple, Module::Pluggable, Module::Pluggable::Object, Object::Accessor, Pod::LaTeX, Term::UI, Term::UI::History
Deprecated Utilities
cpanp, "cpanp-run-perl", cpan2dist, pod2latex
PL_sv_objcount
Five additional characters should be escaped in patterns with /x
User-defined charnames with surprising whitespace
Various XS-callable functions are now deprecated
Certain rare uses of backslashes within regexes are now deprecated
Splitting the tokens (? and (* in regular expressions
Pre-PerlIO IO implementations
Future Deprecations
DG/UX, NeXT
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support
Discontinued Platforms
BeOS, UTS Global, VM/ESA, MPE/IX, EPOC, Rhapsody
Platform-Specific Notes
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5163delta - what is new for perl v5.16.3

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Security
CVE-2013-1667: memory exhaustion with arbitrary hash keys
wrap-around with IO on long strings
memory leak in Encode
Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5162delta - what is new for perl v5.16.2

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Configuration and Compilation
configuration should no longer be confused by ls colorization
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
AIX
Selected Bug Fixes
fix /\h/ equivalence with /[\h]/
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5161delta - what is new for perl v5.16.1

DESCRIPTION
Security
an off-by-two error in Scalar-List-Util has been fixed
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
VMS
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5160delta - what is new for perl v5.16.0

DESCRIPTION
Notice
Core Enhancements
use VERSION
__SUB__
New and Improved Built-ins
Unicode Support
XS Changes
Changes to Special Variables
Debugger Changes
The CORE Namespace
Other Changes
Security
Use is_utf8_char_buf() and not is_utf8_char()
Malformed UTF-8 input could cause attempts to read beyond the end of the buffer
File::Glob::bsd_glob() memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC (CVE-2011-2728).
Privileges are now set correctly when assigning to $(
Deprecations
Don't read the Unicode data base files in lib/unicore
XS functions is_utf8_char(), utf8_to_uvchr() and utf8_to_uvuni()
Future Deprecations
Core Modules
Platforms with no supporting programmers
Other Future Deprecations
Incompatible Changes
Special blocks called in void context
The overloading pragma and regexp objects
Two XS typemap Entries removed
Unicode 6.1 has incompatibilities with Unicode 6.0
Borland compiler
Certain deprecated Unicode properties are no longer supported by default
Dereferencing IO thingies as typeglobs
User-defined case-changing operations
XSUBs are now 'static'
Weakening read-only references
Tying scalars that hold typeglobs
IPC::Open3 no longer provides xfork(), xclose_on_exec() and xpipe_anon()
$$ no longer caches PID
$$ and getppid() no longer emulate POSIX semantics under LinuxThreads
$<, $>, $( and $) are no longer cached
Which Non-ASCII characters get quoted by quotemeta and \Q has changed
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Deprecated Modules
Version::Requirements
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Removed Documentation
Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Removed Errors
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
Platform-Specific Notes
Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Array and hash
C API fixes
Compile-time hints
Copy-on-write scalars
The debugger
Dereferencing operators
Filehandle, last-accessed
Filetests and stat
Formats
given and when
The glob operator
Lvalue subroutines
Overloading
Prototypes of built-in keywords
Regular expressions
Smartmatching
The sort operator
The substr operator
Support for embedded nulls
Threading bugs
Tied variables
Version objects and vstrings
Warnings, redefinition
Warnings, Uninitialized
Weak references
Other notable fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5144delta - what is new for perl v5.14.4

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Security
CVE-2013-1667: memory exhaustion with arbitrary hash keys
memory leak in Encode
[perl #111594] Socket::unpack_sockaddr_un heap-buffer-overflow
[perl #111586] SDBM_File: fix off-by-one access to global .dir
off-by-two error in List::Util
[perl #115994] fix segv in regcomp.c:S_join_exact()
[perl #115992] PL_eval_start use-after-free
wrap-around with IO on long strings
Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Socket, SDBM_File, List::Util
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes
VMS
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5143delta - what is new for perl v5.14.3

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Security
Digest unsafe use of eval (CVE-2011-3597)
Heap buffer overrun in 'x' string repeat operator (CVE-2012-5195)
Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes
FreeBSD, Solaris and NetBSD, HP-UX, Linux, Mac OS X, GNU/Hurd, NetBSD
Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5142delta - what is new for perl v5.14.2

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Security
File::Glob::bsd_glob() memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC (CVE-2011-2728).
Encode decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow (CVE-2011-2939)
Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Platform Support
New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes
HP-UX PA-RISC/64 now supports gcc-4.x, Building on OS X 10.7 Lion and Xcode 4 works again
Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5141delta - what is new for perl v5.14.1

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Security
Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support
New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes
Internal Changes
Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5140delta - what is new for perl v5.14.0

DESCRIPTION
Notice
Core Enhancements
Unicode
Regular Expressions
Syntactical Enhancements
Exception Handling
Other Enhancements
"-d:-foo", "-d:-foo=bar"
New C APIs
Security
User-defined regular expression properties
Incompatible Changes
Regular Expressions and String Escapes
Stashes and Package Variables
Changes to Syntax or to Perl Operators
Threads and Processes
Configuration
Deprecations
Omitting a space between a regular expression and subsequent word
\cX
\b{ and \B{
Perl 4-era .pl libraries
List assignment to $[
Use of qw(...) as parentheses
\N{BELL}
?PATTERN?
Tie functions on scalars holding typeglobs
User-defined case-mapping
Deprecated modules
Devel::DProf
Performance Enhancements
Safe signals optimisation
Optimisation of shift() and pop() calls without arguments
Optimisation of regexp engine string comparison work
Regular expression compilation speed-up
String appending is 100 times faster
Eliminate PL_* accessor functions under ithreads
Freeing weak references
Lexical array and hash assignments
@_ uses less memory
Size optimisations to SV and HV structures
Memory consumption improvements to Exporter
Memory savings for weak references
%+ and %- use less memory
Multiple small improvements to threads
Adjacent pairs of nextstate opcodes are now optimized away
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragma
much less configuration dialog hassle, support for META/MYMETA.json, support for local::lib, support for HTTP::Tiny to reduce the dependency on FTP sites, automatic mirror selection, iron out all known bugs in configure_requires, support for distributions compressed with bzip2(1), allow Foo/Bar.pm on the command line to mean "Foo::Bar", charinfo(), charscript(), charblock()
Removed Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Closure prototype called, Insecure user-defined property %s, panic: gp_free failed to free glob pointer - something is repeatedly re-creating entries, Parsing code internal error (%s), refcnt: fd %d%s, Regexp modifier ``/%c'' may not appear twice, Regexp modifiers ``/%c'' and ``/%c'' are mutually exclusive, Using !~ with %s doesn't make sense, ``\b{'' is deprecated; use ``\b\{'' instead, ``\B{'' is deprecated; use ``\B\{'' instead, Operation ``%s'' returns its argument for .., Use of qw(...) as parentheses is deprecated
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support
New Platforms
AIX
Discontinued Platforms
Apollo DomainOS, MacOS Classic
Platform-Specific Notes
Internal Changes
New APIs
C API Changes
Deprecated C APIs
"Perl_ptr_table_clear", "sv_compile_2op", "find_rundefsvoffset", "CALL_FPTR" and "CPERLscope"
Other Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
I/O
Regular Expression Bug Fixes
Syntax/Parsing Bugs
Stashes, Globs and Method Lookup
Aliasing packages by assigning to globs [perl #77358], Deleting packages by deleting their containing stash elements, Undefining the glob containing a package ("undef *Foo::"), Undefining an ISA glob ("undef *Foo::ISA"), Deleting an ISA stash element ("delete $Foo::{ISA}"), Sharing @ISA arrays between classes (via "*Foo::ISA = \@Bar::ISA" or "*Foo::ISA = *Bar::ISA") [perl #77238]
Unicode
Ties, Overloading and Other Magic
The Debugger
Threads
Scoping and Subroutines
Signals
Miscellaneous Memory Leaks
Memory Corruption and Crashes
Fixes to Various Perl Operators
Bugs Relating to the C API
Known Problems
Errata
keys(), values(), and each() work on arrays
split() and @_
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5125delta - what is new for perl v5.12.5

DESCRIPTION
Security
Encode decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow (CVE-2011-2939)
File::Glob::bsd_glob() memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC (CVE-2011-2728).
Heap buffer overrun in 'x' string repeat operator (CVE-2012-5195)
Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules
Changes to Existing Documentation
perlebcdic
perlunicode
perluniprops
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Platform Specific Changes
Mac OS X, NetBSD
Selected Bug Fixes
Errata
split() and @_
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5124delta - what is new for perl v5.12.4

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Modules and Pragmata
Testing
Documentation
Platform Specific Notes
Linux
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5123delta - what is new for perl v5.12.3

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
keys, values work on arrays
Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Notes
Solaris, VMS, VOS
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5122delta - what is new for perl v5.12.2

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Pragmata Changes
Updated Modules
"Carp", "CPANPLUS", "File::Glob", "File::Copy", "File::Spec"
Utility Changes
Changes to Existing Documentation
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Configuration improvements
Compilation improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Notes
AIX
Windows
VMS
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5121delta - what is new for perl v5.12.1

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Pragmata Changes
Updated Modules
Changes to Existing Documentation
Testing
Testing Improvements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Configuration improvements
Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Notes
HP-UX
AIX
FreeBSD 7
VMS
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5120delta - what is new for perl v5.12.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
New package NAME VERSION syntax
The ... operator
Implicit strictures
Unicode improvements
Y2038 compliance
qr overloading
Pluggable keywords
APIs for more internals
Overridable function lookup
A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
\N experimental regex escape
DTrace support
Support for configure_requires in CPAN module metadata
each, keys, values are now more flexible
when as a statement modifier
$, flexibility
// in when clauses
Enabling warnings from your shell environment
delete local
New support for Abstract namespace sockets
32-bit limit on substr arguments removed
Potentially Incompatible Changes
Deprecations warn by default
Version number formats
@INC reorganization
REGEXPs are now first class
Switch statement changes
flip-flop operators, defined-or operator
Smart match changes
Other potentially incompatible changes
Deprecations
suidperl, Use of ":=" to mean an empty attribute list, "UNIVERSAL->import()", Use of ``goto'' to jump into a construct, Custom character names in \N{name} that don't look like names, Deprecated Modules, Class::ISA, Pod::Plainer, Shell, Switch, Assignment to $[, Use of the attribute :locked on subroutines, Use of ``locked'' with the attributes pragma, Use of ``unique'' with the attributes pragma, Perl_pmflag, Numerous Perl 4-era libraries
Unicode overhaul
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
"autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "overloading", "parent", "Parse::CPAN::Meta", "VMS::DCLsym", "VMS::Stdio", "XS::APItest::KeywordRPN"
Updated Pragmata
"base", "bignum", "charnames", "constant", "diagnostics", "feature", "less", "lib", "mro", "overload", "threads", "threads::shared", "version", "warnings"
Updated Modules
"Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers", "AutoLoader", "B::Concise", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse", "B::Lint", "CGI", "Class::ISA", "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "CPAN", "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build", "Data::Dumper", "DB_File", "Devel::PPPort", "Digest", "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "Encode", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "ExtUtils::Command", "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Install", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest", "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "File::Fetch", "File::Path", "File::Temp", "Filter::Simple", "Filter::Util::Call", "Getopt::Long", "IO", "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::SysV", "Locale::Maketext", "Locale::Maketext::Simple", "Log::Message", "Log::Message::Simple", "Math::BigInt", "Math::BigInt::FastCalc", "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex", "Memoize", "MIME::Base64", "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load", "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded", "Module::Pluggable", "Net::Ping", "NEXT", "Object::Accessor", "Package::Constants", "PerlIO", "Pod::Parser", "Pod::Perldoc", "Pod::Plainer", "Pod::Simple", "Safe", "SelfLoader", "Storable", "Switch", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor", "Term::UI", "Test", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple", "Text::Balanced", "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Soundex", "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "Tie::RefHash", "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece", "Unicode::Collate", "Unicode::Normalize", "Win32", "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"
Removed Modules and Pragmata
"attrs", "CPAN::API::HOWTO", "CPAN::DeferedCode", "CPANPLUS::inc", "DCLsym", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish", "Stdio", "Test::Harness::Assert", "Test::Harness::Iterator", "Test::Harness::Point", "Test::Harness::Results", "Test::Harness::Straps", "Test::Harness::Util", "XSSymSet"
Deprecated Modules and Pragmata
Documentation
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Selected Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Internal Changes
Testing
Testing improvements
Parallel tests, Test harness flexibility, Test watchdog
New Tests
New or Changed Diagnostics
New Diagnostics
Changed Diagnostics
"Illegal character in prototype for %s : %s", "Prototype after '%c' for %s : %s"
Utility Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Changes
New Platforms
Haiku, MirOS BSD
Discontinued Platforms
Domain/OS, MiNT, Tenon MachTen
Updated Platforms
AIX, Cygwin, Darwin (Mac OS X), DragonFly BSD, FreeBSD, Irix, NetBSD, OpenVMS, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Windows
Known Problems
Errata
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5101delta - what is new for perl v5.10.1

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Switch statement changes
flip-flop operators, defined-or operator
Smart match changes
Other incompatible changes
Core Enhancements
Unicode Character Database 5.1.0
A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
The overloading pragma
Parallel tests
DTrace support
Support for configure_requires in CPAN module metadata
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
"autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "parent", "Parse::CPAN::Meta"
Pragmata Changes
"attributes", "attrs", "base", "bigint", "bignum", "bigrat", "charnames", "constant", "feature", "fields", "lib", "open", "overload", "overloading", "version"
Updated Modules
"Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers", "AutoLoader", "AutoSplit", "B", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse", "B::Lint", "B::Xref", "Benchmark", "Carp", "CGI", "Compress::Zlib", "CPAN", "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build", "Cwd", "Data::Dumper", "DB", "DB_File", "Devel::PPPort", "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "DirHandle", "Dumpvalue", "DynaLoader", "Encode", "Errno", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "ExtUtils::Command", "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Embed", "ExtUtils::Install", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest", "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "Fatal", "File::Basename", "File::Compare", "File::Copy", "File::Fetch", "File::Find", "File::Path", "File::Spec", "File::stat", "File::Temp", "FileCache", "FileHandle", "Filter::Simple", "Filter::Util::Call", "FindBin", "GDBM_File", "Getopt::Long", "Hash::Util::FieldHash", "I18N::Collate", "IO", "IO::Compress::*", "IO::Dir", "IO::Handle", "IO::Socket", "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::Open3", "IPC::SysV", "lib", "List::Util", "Locale::MakeText", "Log::Message", "Math::BigFloat", "Math::BigInt", "Math::BigInt::FastCalc", "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex", "Math::Trig", "Memoize", "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load", "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded", "Module::Pluggable", "NDBM_File", "Net::Ping", "NEXT", "Object::Accessor", "OS2::REXX", "Package::Constants", "PerlIO", "PerlIO::via", "Pod::Man", "Pod::Parser", "Pod::Simple", "Pod::Text", "POSIX", "Safe", "Scalar::Util", "SelectSaver", "SelfLoader", "Socket", "Storable", "Switch", "Symbol", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor", "Term::ReadLine", "Term::UI", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple", "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Tabs", "Text::Wrap", "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "threads", "threads::shared", "Tie::RefHash", "Tie::StdHandle", "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece", "Unicode::Normalize", "Unicode::UCD", "UNIVERSAL", "Win32", "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"
Utility Changes
h2ph, h2xs, perl5db.pl, perlthanks
New Documentation
perlhaiku, perlmroapi, perlperf, perlrepository, perlthanks
Changes to Existing Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
ext/ reorganisation
Configuration improvements
Compilation improvements
Platform Specific Changes
AIX, Cygwin, FreeBSD, Irix, Haiku, MirOS BSD, NetBSD, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Win32, VMS
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
"panic: sv_chop %s", "Can't locate package %s for the parents of %s", "v-string in use/require is non-portable", "Deep recursion on subroutine "%s""
Changed Internals
"SVf_UTF8", "SVs_TEMP"
New Tests
t/comp/retainedlines.t, t/io/perlio_fail.t, t/io/perlio_leaks.t, t/io/perlio_open.t, t/io/perlio.t, t/io/pvbm.t, t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/index_thr.t, t/op/pat_thr.t, t/op/qr_gc.t, t/op/reg_email_thr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed_thr.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop_thr.t, t/op/reg_nc_tie.t, t/op/reg_posixcc.t, t/op/re.t, t/op/setpgrpstack.t, t/op/substr_thr.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/uni/lex_utf8.t, t/uni/tie.t
Known Problems
Deprecations
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl5100delta - what is new for perl 5.10.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
The feature pragma
New -E command-line switch
Defined-or operator
Switch and Smart Match operator
Regular expressions
Recursive Patterns, Named Capture Buffers, Possessive Quantifiers, Backtracking control verbs, Relative backreferences, "\K" escape, Vertical and horizontal whitespace, and linebreak, Optional pre-match and post-match captures with the /p flag
say()
Lexical $_
The _ prototype
UNITCHECK blocks
New Pragma, mro
readdir() may return a short filename on Windows
readpipe() is now overridable
Default argument for readline()
state() variables
Stacked filetest operators
UNIVERSAL::DOES()
Formats
Byte-order modifiers for pack() and unpack()
no VERSION
chdir, chmod and chown on filehandles
OS groups
Recursive sort subs
Exceptions in constant folding
Source filters in @INC
New internal variables
"${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS}", "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}", "${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT}"
Miscellaneous
UCD 5.0.0
MAD
kill() on Windows
Incompatible Changes
Packing and UTF-8 strings
Byte/character count feature in unpack()
The $* and $# variables have been removed
substr() lvalues are no longer fixed-length
Parsing of -f _
:unique
Effect of pragmas in eval
chdir FOO
Handling of .pmc files
$^V is now a version object instead of a v-string
@- and @+ in patterns
$AUTOLOAD can now be tainted
Tainting and printf
undef and signal handlers
strictures and dereferencing in defined()
(?p{}) has been removed
Pseudo-hashes have been removed
Removal of the bytecode compiler and of perlcc
Removal of the JPL
Recursive inheritance detected earlier
warnings::enabled and warnings::warnif changed to favor users of modules
Modules and Pragmata
Upgrading individual core modules
Pragmata Changes
"feature", "mro", Scoping of the "sort" pragma, Scoping of "bignum", "bigint", "bigrat", "base", "strict" and "warnings", "version", "warnings", "less"
New modules
Selected Changes to Core Modules
"Attribute::Handlers", "B::Lint", "B", "Thread"
Utility Changes
perl -d, ptar, ptardiff, shasum, corelist, h2ph and h2xs, perlivp, find2perl, config_data, cpanp, cpan2dist, pod2html
New Documentation
Performance Enhancements
In-place sorting
Lexical array access
XS-assisted SWASHGET
Constant subroutines
PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV
Weak references are cheaper
sort() enhancements
Memory optimisations
UTF-8 cache optimisation
Sloppy stat on Windows
Regular expressions optimisations
Engine de-recursivised, Single char char-classes treated as literals, Trie optimisation of literal string alternations, Aho-Corasick start-point optimisation
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Configuration improvements
"-Dusesitecustomize", Relocatable installations, strlcat() and strlcpy(), "d_pseudofork" and "d_printf_format_null", Configure help
Compilation improvements
Parallel build, Borland's compilers support, Static build on Windows, ppport.h files, C++ compatibility, Support for Microsoft 64-bit compiler, Visual C++, Win32 builds
Installation improvements
Module auxiliary files
New Or Improved Platforms
Selected Bug Fixes
strictures in regexp-eval blocks, Calling CORE::require(), Subscripts of slices, "no warnings 'category'" works correctly with -w, threads improvements, chr() and negative values, PERL5SHELL and tainting, Using *FILE{IO}, Overloading and reblessing, Overloading and UTF-8, eval memory leaks fixed, Random device on Windows, PERLIO_DEBUG, PerlIO::scalar and read-only scalars, study() and UTF-8, Critical signals, @INC-hook fix, "-t" switch fix, Duping UTF-8 filehandles, Localisation of hash elements
New or Changed Diagnostics
Use of uninitialized value, Deprecated use of my() in false conditional, !=~ should be !~, Newline in left-justified string, Too late for ``-T'' option, ``%s'' variable %s masks earlier declaration, readdir()/closedir()/etc. attempted on invalid dirhandle, Opening dirhandle/filehandle %s also as a file/directory, Use of -P is deprecated, v-string in use/require is non-portable, perl -V
Changed Internals
Reordering of SVt_* constants
Elimination of SVt_PVBM
New type SVt_BIND
Removal of CPP symbols
Less space is used by ops
New parser
Use of const
Mathoms
AvFLAGS has been removed
av_* changes
$^H and %^H
B:: modules inheritance changed
Anonymous hash and array constructors
Known Problems
UTF-8 problems
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl589delta - what is new for perl v5.8.9

DESCRIPTION
Notice
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Unicode Character Database 5.1.0.
stat and -X on directory handles
Source filters in @INC
Exceptions in constant folding
no VERSION
Improved internal UTF-8 caching code
Runtime relocatable installations
New internal variables
"${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^UTF8CACHE}"
readpipe is now overridable
simple exception handling macros
-D option enhancements
XS-assisted SWASHGET
Constant subroutines
New Platforms
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules
Updated Modules
Utility Changes
debugger upgraded to version 1.31
perlthanks
perlbug
h2xs
h2ph
New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Relocatable installations
Configuration improvements
Compilation improvements
Installation improvements.
Platform Specific Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Unicode
PerlIO
Magic
Reblessing overloaded objects now works
strict now propagates correctly into string evals
Other fixes
Platform Specific Fixes
Smaller fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
panic: sv_chop %s
Maximal count of pending signals (%s) exceeded
panic: attempt to call %s in %s
FETCHSIZE returned a negative value
Can't upgrade %s (%d) to %d
%s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or a subroutine
Cannot make the non-overridable builtin %s fatal
Unrecognized character '%s' in column %d
Offset outside string
Invalid escape in the specified encoding in regexp; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/
Your machine doesn't support dump/undump.
Changed Internals
Macro cleanups
New Tests
ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t, t/comp/fold.t, t/io/pvbm.t, t/lib/proxy_constant_subs.t, t/op/attrhand.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/inccode-tie.t, t/op/incfilter.t, t/op/kill0.t, t/op/qrstack.t, t/op/qr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed.t, t/op/regexp_qr.t, t/op/rxcode.t, t/op/studytied.t, t/op/substT.t, t/op/symbolcache.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/pod/twice.t, t/run/cloexec.t, t/uni/cache.t, t/uni/chr.t, t/uni/greek.t, t/uni/latin2.t, t/uni/overload.t, t/uni/tie.t
Known Problems
Platform Specific Notes
Win32
OS/2
VMS
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl588delta - what is new for perl v5.8.8

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes
h2xs enhancements
perlivp enhancements
New Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w
Remove over-optimisation
sprintf() fixes
Debugger and Unicode slowdown
Smaller fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Attempt to set length of freed array
Non-string passed as bitmask
Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as search pattern
Changed Internals
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl587delta - what is new for perl v5.8.7

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
suidperl less insecure
Optional site customization script
Config.pm is now much smaller.
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes
find2perl enhancements
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Known Problems
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl586delta - what is new for perl v5.8.6

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes
Performance Enhancements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
New Tests
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl585delta - what is new for perl v5.8.5

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes
Perl's debugger
h2ph
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Known Problems
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl584delta - what is new for perl v5.8.4

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Malloc wrapping
Unicode Character Database 4.0.1
suidperl less insecure
format
Modules and Pragmata
Updated modules
Attribute::Handlers, B, Benchmark, CGI, Carp, Cwd, Exporter, File::Find, IO, IPC::Open3, Local::Maketext, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigRat, MIME::Base64, ODBM_File, POSIX, Shell, Socket, Storable, Switch, Sys::Syslog, Term::ANSIColor, Time::HiRes, Unicode::UCD, Win32, base, open, threads, utf8
Performance Enhancements
Utility Changes
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Future Directions
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl583delta - what is new for perl v5.8.3

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
CGI, Cwd, Digest, Digest::MD5, Encode, File::Spec, FindBin, List::Util, Math::BigInt, PodParser, Pod::Perldoc, POSIX, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Test::Harness, threads::shared
Utility Changes
New Documentation
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Configuration and Building
Platform Specific Problems
Known Problems
Future Directions
Obituary
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl582delta - what is new for perl v5.8.2

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Hash Randomisation
Threading
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules And Pragmata
Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, I18N::LangTags, libnet, MIME::Base64, Pod::Perldoc, strict, Tie::Hash, Time::HiRes, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, UNIVERSAL
Selected Bug Fixes
Changed Internals
Platform Specific Problems
Future Directions
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl581delta - what is new for perl v5.8.1

DESCRIPTION
Incompatible Changes
Hash Randomisation
UTF-8 On Filehandles No Longer Activated By Locale
Single-number v-strings are no longer v-strings before =>
(Win32) The -C Switch Has Been Repurposed
(Win32) The /d Switch Of cmd.exe
Core Enhancements
UTF-8 no longer default under UTF-8 locales
Unsafe signals again available
Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
local ${$x}
Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
Deprecation Warnings
Miscellaneous Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules And Pragmata
base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Benchmark, ByteLoader, bytes, CGI, charnames, CPAN, Data::Dumper, DB_File, Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, Encode, fields, libnet, Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64, NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar, podlators, Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util, Storable, strict, Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness, Test::More, Test::Simple, Text::Balanced, Time::HiRes, threads, threads::shared, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion
Utility Changes
New Documentation
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Platform-specific enhancements
Selected Bug Fixes
Closures, eval and lexicals
Generic fixes
Platform-specific fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed A thread exited while %d threads were running
Removed Attempt to clear a restricted hash
New Illegal declaration of anonymous subroutine
Changed Invalid range %s in transliteration operator
New Missing control char name in \c
New Newline in left-justified string for %s
New Possible precedence problem on bitwise %c operator
New Pseudo-hashes are deprecated
New read() on %s filehandle %s
New 5.005 threads are deprecated
New Tied variable freed while still in use
New To%s: illegal mapping '%s'
New Use of freed value in iteration
Changed Internals
New Tests
Known Problems
Tied hashes in scalar context
Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
B::C
Platform Specific Problems
EBCDIC Platforms
Cygwin 1.5 problems
HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
IRIX: t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite
Future Directions
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
 

perl58delta - what is new for perl v5.8.0

DESCRIPTION
Highlights In 5.8.0
Incompatible Changes
Binary Incompatibility
64-bit platforms and malloc
AIX Dynaloading
Attributes for my variables now handled at run-time
Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
New Unicode Semantics (no more use utf8, almost)
New Unicode Properties
REF(...) Instead Of SCALAR(...)
pack/unpack D/F recycled
glob() now returns filenames in alphabetical order
Deprecations
Core Enhancements
Unicode Overhaul
PerlIO is Now The Default
ithreads
Restricted Hashes
Safe Signals
Understanding of Numbers
Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings [561]
Miscellaneous Changes
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules and Pragmata
Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes
New Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Generic Improvements
New Or Improved Platforms
Selected Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Security Vulnerability Closed [561]
New Tests
Known Problems
The Compiler Suite Is Still Very Experimental
Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
Modifying $_ Inside for(..)
mod_perl 1.26 Doesn't Build With Threaded Perl
lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
libwww-perl (LWP) fails base/date #51
PDL failing some tests
Perl_get_sv
Self-tying Problems
ext/threads/t/libc
Failure of Thread (5.005-style) tests
Timing problems
Tied/Magical Array/Hash Elements Do Not Autovivify
Unicode in package/class and subroutine names does not work
Platform Specific Problems
AIX
Alpha systems with old gccs fail several tests
AmigaOS
BeOS
Cygwin unable to remap
Cygwin ndbm tests fail on FAT
DJGPP Failures
FreeBSD built with ithreads coredumps reading large directories
FreeBSD Failing locale Test 117 For ISO 8859-15 Locales
IRIX fails ext/List/Util/t/shuffle.t or Digest::MD5
HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
Linux with glibc 2.2.5 fails t/op/int subtest #6 with -Duse64bitint
Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
Mac OS X
Mac OS X dyld undefined symbols
OS/2 Test Failures
op/sprintf tests 91, 129, and 130
SCO
Solaris 2.5
Solaris x86 Fails Tests With -Duse64bitint
SUPER-UX (NEC SX)
Term::ReadKey not working on Win32
UNICOS/mk
UTS
VOS (Stratus)
VMS
Win32
XML::Parser not working
z/OS (OS/390)
Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perl561delta - what's new for perl v5.6.1

DESCRIPTION
Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
Security Issues
Core bug fixes
"UNIVERSAL::isa()", Memory leaks, Numeric conversions, qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in regular expressions, ``slurp'' mode, Autovivification of symbolic references to special variables, Lexical warnings, Spurious warnings and errors, glob(), Tainting, sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes, map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT, chop(), Unicode support, 64-bit support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines, IO::Socket, File::Find, xsubpp, "no Module;", Tests
Core features
Configuration issues
Documentation
Bundled modules
B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI, CPAN, Class::Struct, DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find, Getopt::Long, IO::Poll, IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat, Math::Complex, Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser, Pod::Text, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash, Tie::SubstrHash
Platform-specific improvements
NCR MP-RAS, NonStop-UX
Core Enhancements
Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
Lexically scoped warning categories
Unicode and UTF-8 support
Support for interpolating named characters
our declarations
Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
Improved Perl version numbering system
New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
File and directory handles can be autovivified
open() with more than two arguments
64-bit support
Large file support
Long doubles
more bits
Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
sort $coderef @foo allowed
File globbing implemented internally
Support for CHECK blocks
POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
Better pseudo-random number generator
Improved qw// operator
Better worst-case behavior of hashes
pack() format 'Z' supported
pack() format modifier '!' supported
pack() and unpack() support counted strings
Comments in pack() templates
Weak references
Binary numbers supported
Lvalue subroutines
Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
exists() is supported on subroutine names
exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
Pseudo-hashes work better
Automatic flushing of output buffers
Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
eof() has the same old magic as <>
binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
-T filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as text
system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
Improved diagnostics
Diagnostics follow STDERR
More consistent close-on-exec behavior
syswrite() ease-of-use
Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
Bit operators support full native integer width
Improved security features
More functional bareword prototype (*)
require and do may be overridden
$^X variables may now have names longer than one character
New variable $^C reflects -c switch
New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
Optional Y2K warnings
Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
@- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex submatches
Modules and Pragmata
Modules
attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters
Pragmata
Utility Changes
dprofpp
find2perl
h2xs
perlcc
perldoc
The Perl Debugger
Improved Documentation
perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod
Performance enhancements
Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
Optimized assignments to lexical variables
Faster subroutine calls
delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
Installation and Configuration Improvements
-Dusethreads means something different
New Configure flags
Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
Long Doubles
-Dusemorebits
-Duselargefiles
installusrbinperl
SOCKS support
-A flag
Enhanced Installation Directories
gcc automatically tried if 'cc' does not seem to be working
Platform specific changes
Supported platforms
DOS
OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
VMS
Win32
Significant bug fixes
<HANDLE> on empty files
eval '...' improvements
All compilation errors are true errors
Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
Behavior of list slices is more consistent
(\$) prototype and $foo{a}
goto &sub and AUTOLOAD
-bareword allowed under use integer
Failures in DESTROY()
Locale bugs fixed
Memory leaks
Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
Taint failures under -U
END blocks and the -c switch
Potential to leak DATA filehandles
New or Changed Diagnostics
``%s'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, ``my sub'' not yet implemented, ``our'' variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as ``%s'', %s() called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'', Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in ``%s'', Can't declare %s in ``%s'', Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean ``local'' instead of ``our''?), Document contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol ``%s'' requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value ``%s'', Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in ``my sub'', No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in ``our'', No space allowed after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around ``%s'' list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma ``attrs'' is deprecated, use ``sub NAME : ATTRS'' instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol ``%s'' too long, Version number must be a constant number
New tests
Incompatible Changes
Perl Source Incompatibilities
CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint their results
C Source Incompatibilities
"PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"
Compatible C Source API Changes
"PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"
Binary Incompatibilities
Known Problems
Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
Known test failures
EBCDIC platforms not fully supported
UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
Arrow operator and arrays
Experimental features
Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code constructs:
Obsolete Diagnostics
Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of ``$$<digit>'' to mean ``${$}<digit>'' is deprecated
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perl56delta - what's new for perl v5.6.0

DESCRIPTION
Core Enhancements
Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
Lexically scoped warning categories
Unicode and UTF-8 support
Support for interpolating named characters
our declarations
Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
Improved Perl version numbering system
New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
File and directory handles can be autovivified
open() with more than two arguments
64-bit support
Large file support
Long doubles
more bits
Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
sort $coderef @foo allowed
File globbing implemented internally
Support for CHECK blocks
POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
Better pseudo-random number generator
Improved qw// operator
Better worst-case behavior of hashes
pack() format 'Z' supported
pack() format modifier '!' supported
pack() and unpack() support counted strings
Comments in pack() templates
Weak references
Binary numbers supported
Lvalue subroutines
Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
exists() is supported on subroutine names
exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
Pseudo-hashes work better
Automatic flushing of output buffers
Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
eof() has the same old magic as <>
binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
-T filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as text
system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
Improved diagnostics
Diagnostics follow STDERR
More consistent close-on-exec behavior
syswrite() ease-of-use
Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
Bit operators support full native integer width
Improved security features
More functional bareword prototype (*)
require and do may be overridden
$^X variables may now have names longer than one character
New variable $^C reflects -c switch
New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
Optional Y2K warnings
Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
@- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex matches
Modules and Pragmata
Modules
attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters
Pragmata
Utility Changes
dprofpp
find2perl
h2xs
perlcc
perldoc
The Perl Debugger
Improved Documentation
perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod
Performance enhancements
Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
Optimized assignments to lexical variables
Faster subroutine calls
delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
Installation and Configuration Improvements
-Dusethreads means something different
New Configure flags
Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
Long Doubles
-Dusemorebits
-Duselargefiles
installusrbinperl
SOCKS support
-A flag
Enhanced Installation Directories
Platform specific changes
Supported platforms
DOS
OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
VMS
Win32
Significant bug fixes
<HANDLE> on empty files
eval '...' improvements
All compilation errors are true errors
Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
Behavior of list slices is more consistent
(\$) prototype and $foo{a}
goto &sub and AUTOLOAD
-bareword allowed under use integer
Failures in DESTROY()
Locale bugs fixed
Memory leaks
Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
Taint failures under -U
END blocks and the -c switch
Potential to leak DATA filehandles
New or Changed Diagnostics
``%s'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, ``my sub'' not yet implemented, ``our'' variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as ``%s'', %s() called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'', Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in ``%s'', Can't declare %s in ``%s'', Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean ``local'' instead of ``our''?), Document contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol ``%s'' requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value ``%s'', Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range ``%s'' in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in ``my sub'', No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in ``our'', No space allowed after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around ``%s'' list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma ``attrs'' is deprecated, use ``sub NAME : ATTRS'' instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol ``%s'' too long, Version number must be a constant number
New tests
Incompatible Changes
Perl Source Incompatibilities
CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint their results
C Source Incompatibilities
"PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"
Compatible C Source API Changes
"PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"
Binary Incompatibilities
Known Problems
Thread test failures
EBCDIC platforms not supported
In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX test failure
Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1) lib/sdbm test failure with gcc
UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
Arrow operator and arrays
Experimental features
Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code constructs:
Obsolete Diagnostics
Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of ``$$<digit>'' to mean ``${$}<digit>'' is deprecated
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perl5005delta - what's new for perl5.005

DESCRIPTION
About the new versioning system
Incompatible Changes
WARNING:      This version is not binary compatible with Perl 5.004.
Default installation structure has changed
Perl Source Compatibility
C Source Compatibility
Binary Compatibility
Security fixes may affect compatibility
Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004
Licensing
Core Changes
Threads
Compiler
Regular Expressions
Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes, New regular expression
constructs, New operator for precompiled regular expressions, Other improvements, Incompatible changes
Improved malloc()
Quicksort is internally implemented
Reliable signals
Reliable stack pointers
More generous treatment of carriage returns
Memory leaks
Better support for multiple interpreters
Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-defined
%! is transparently tied to the Errno module
Pseudo-hashes are supported
EXPR foreach EXPR is supported
Keywords can be globally overridden
$^E is meaningful on Win32
foreach (1..1000000) optimized
Foo:: can be used as implicitly quoted package name
exists $Foo::{Bar::} tests existence of a package
Better locale support
Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
prototype() returns useful results on builtins
Extended support for exception handling
Re-blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY() methods
All printf format conversions are handled internally
New INIT keyword
New lock keyword
New qr// operator
our is now a reserved word
Tied arrays are now fully supported
Tied handles support is better
4th argument to substr
Negative LENGTH argument to splice
Magic lvalues are now more magical
<> now reads in records
Supported Platforms
New Platforms
Changes in existing support
Modules and Pragmata
New Modules
B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal, IPC::SysV, Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread, attrs, fields, re
Changes in existing modules
Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, POSIX, DB_File, MakeMaker, CPAN, Cwd
Utility Changes
Documentation Changes
New Diagnostics
Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or use &, Bad index while coercing array into hash, Bareword ``%s'' refers to nonexistent package, Can't call method ``%s'' on an undefined value, Can't check filesystem of script ``%s'' for nosuid, Can't coerce array into hash, Can't goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't localize pseudo-hash element, Can't use %%! because Errno.pm is not available, Cannot find an opnumber for ``%s'', Character class syntax [. .] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [= =] is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure regular expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', %s: Eval-group not allowed at run time, Explicit blessing to '' (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No such array field, No such field ``%s'' in variable %s of type %s, Out of memory during ridiculously large request, Range iterator outside integer range, Recursive inheritance detected while looking for method '%s' %s, Reference found where even-sized list expected, Undefined value assigned to typeglob, Use of reserved word ``%s'' is deprecated, perl: warning: Setting locale failed
Obsolete Diagnostics
Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for -e: %s, Cannot open temporary file, regexp too big
Configuration Changes
BUGS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perl5004delta - what's new for perl5.004

DESCRIPTION
Supported Environments
Core Changes
List assignment to %ENV works
Change to Can't locate Foo.pm in @INC error
Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
$PERL5OPT environment variable
Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
More precise warnings
Deprecated: Inherited AUTOLOAD for non-methods
Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
Subroutine arguments created only when they're modified
Group vector changeable with $)
Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
No resetting of $. on implicit close
wantarray may return undef
eval EXPR determines value of EXPR in scalar context
Changes to tainting checks
No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH, $ENV, $BASH_ENV, No spawning if tainted $TERM doesn't look like a terminal name
New Opcode module and revised Safe module
Embedding improvements
Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
New and changed syntax
$coderef->(PARAMS)
New and changed builtin constants
__PACKAGE__
New and changed builtin variables
$^E, $^H, $^M
New and changed builtin functions
delete on slices, flock, printf and sprintf, keys as an lvalue, my() in Control Structures, pack() and unpack(), sysseek(), use VERSION, use Module VERSION LIST, prototype(FUNCTION), srand, $_ as Default, "m//gc" does not reset search position on failure, "m//x" ignores whitespace before ?*+{}, nested "sub{}" closures work now, formats work right on changing lexicals
New builtin methods
isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )
TIEHANDLE now supported
TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST, READ this LIST, READLINE this, GETC this, DESTROY this
Malloc enhancements
-DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC, -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE
Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements
Support for More Operating Systems
Win32
Plan 9
QNX
AmigaOS
Pragmata
use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use blib 'dir', use constant NAME => VALUE, use locale, use ops, use vmsish
Modules
Required Updates
Installation directories
Module information summary
Fcntl
IO
Math::Complex
Math::Trig
DB_File
Net::Ping
Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators
Utility Changes
pod2html
Sends converted HTML to standard output
xsubpp
"void" XSUBs now default to returning nothing
C Language API Changes
"gv_fetchmethod" and "perl_call_sv", "perl_eval_pv", Extended API for manipulating hashes
Documentation Changes
perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio, perlmodlib, perldebug, perlsec
New Diagnostics
``my'' variable %s masks earlier declaration in same scope, %s argument is not a HASH element or slice, Allocation too large: %lx, Allocation too large, Applying %s to %s will act on scalar(%s), Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to use reference as lvalue in substr, Bareword ``%s'' refers to nonexistent package, Can't redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can't use bareword (``%s'') as %s ref while ``strict refs'' in use, Cannot resolve method `%s' overloading `%s' in package `%s', Constant subroutine %s redefined, Constant subroutine %s undefined, Copy method did not return a reference, Died, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Identifier too long, Illegal character %s (carriage return), Illegal switch in PERL5OPT: %s, Integer overflow in hex number, Integer overflow in octal number, internal error: glob failed, Invalid conversion in %s: ``%s'', Invalid type in pack: '%s', Invalid type in unpack: '%s', Name ``%s::%s'' used only once: possible typo, Null picture in formline, Offset outside string, Out of memory!, Out of memory during request for %s, panic: frexp, Possible attempt to put comments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate words with commas, Scalar value @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Stub found while resolving method `%s' overloading `%s' in %s, Too late for "-T`` option, untie attempted while %d inner references still exist, Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork, Use of ''$$<digit>`` to mean ''${$}<digit>`` is deprecated, Value of %s can be ''0``; test with defined(), Variable ''%s`` may be unavailable, Variable ''%s" will not stay shared, Warning: something's wrong, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from DosAllocMem, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long, Process terminated by SIG%s
BUGS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perlexperiment - A listing of experimental features in Perl

DESCRIPTION
Current experiments
"our" can now have an experimental optional attribute "unique", Smart match ("~~"), Pluggable keywords, Lexical subroutines, Regular Expression Set Operations, Subroutine signatures, Aliasing via reference, The ``const'' attribute, use re 'strict';, String- and number-specific bitwise operators, The <:win32> IO pseudolayer, There is an "installhtml" target in the Makefile, Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
Accepted features
64-bit support, die accepts a reference, DB module, Weak references, Internal file glob, fork() emulation, -Dusemultiplicity -Duseithreads, Support for long doubles, The "\N" regex character class, "(?{code})" and "(??{ code })", Linux abstract Unix domain sockets, Lvalue subroutines, Backtracking control verbs, The <:pop> IO pseudolayer, "\s" in regexp matches vertical tab, Postfix dereference syntax
Removed features
5.005-style threading, perlcc, The pseudo-hash data type, GetOpt::Long Options can now take multiple values at once (experimental), Assertions, Test::Harness::Straps, "legacy", Lexical $_, Array and hash container functions accept references
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE
 

perlartistic - the Perl Artistic License

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
The Artistic License
Preamble
Definitions
``Package'', ``Standard Version'', ``Copyright Holder'', ``You'', ``Reasonable copying fee'', ``Freely Available''
Conditions
a), b), c), d), a), b), c), d)
 

perlgpl - the GNU General Public License, version 1

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
 

perlaix - Perl version 5 on IBM AIX (UNIX) systems

DESCRIPTION
Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
Supported Compilers
Incompatibility with AIX Toolbox lib gdbm
Perl 5 was successfully compiled and tested on:
Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
Using Large Files with Perl
Threaded Perl
64-bit Perl
Long doubles
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/32-bit)
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (32-bit)
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/64-bit)
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (64-bit)
Compiling Perl 5 on AIX 7.1.0
Compiling Perl 5 on older AIX versions up to 4.3.3
OS level
Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX < 5L
The IBM ANSI C Compiler
The usenm option
Using GNU's gcc for building Perl
Using Large Files with Perl < 5L
Threaded Perl < 5L
64-bit Perl < 5L
AIX 4.2 and extensions using C++ with statics
AUTHORS
 

perlamiga - Perl under AmigaOS 4.1

NOTE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Prerequisites for running Perl 5.22.1 under AmigaOS 4.1
AmigaOS 4.1 update 6 with all updates applied as of 9th October 2013, newlib.library version 53.28 or greater, AmigaOS SDK, abc-shell
Starting Perl programs under AmigaOS 4.1
Limitations of Perl under AmigaOS 4.1
Nested Piped programs can crash when run from older abc-shells, Incorrect or unexpected command line unescaping, Starting subprocesses via open has limitations, If you find any other limitations or bugs then let me know
INSTALLATION
Amiga Specific Modules
Amiga::ARexx
Amiga::Exec
BUILDING
CHANGES
August 2015, Port to Perl 5.22, Add handling of NIL: to afstat(), Fix inheritance of environment variables by subprocesses, Fix exec, and exit in ``forked'' subprocesses, Fix issue with newlib's unlink, which could cause infinite loops, Add flock() emulation using IDOS->LockRecord thanks to Tony Cook for the suggestion, Fix issue where kill was using the wrong kind of process ID, 27th November 2013, Create new installation system based on installperl links and Amiga protection bits now set correctly, Pod now defaults to text, File::Spec should now recognise an Amiga style absolute path as well as an Unix style one. Relative paths must always be Unix style, 20th November 2013, Configured to use SDK:Local/C/perl to start standard scripts, Added Amiga::Exec module with support for Wait() and AmigaOS signal numbers, 10th October 13
SEE ALSO
 

perlandroid - Perl under Android

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Cross-compilation
Get the Android Native Development Kit (NDK)
Determine the architecture you'll be cross-compiling for
Set up a standalone toolchain
adb or ssh?
Configure and beyond
Native Builds
AUTHOR
 

perlbs2000 - building and installing Perl for BS2000.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
gzip on BS2000
bison on BS2000
Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
Compiling Perl on BS2000
Testing Perl on BS2000
Installing Perl on BS2000
Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
Using Perl in native BS2000
Floating point anomalies on BS2000
Using PerlIO and different encodings on ASCII and EBCDIC partitions
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
Mailing list
HISTORY
 

perlce - Perl for WinCE

Building Perl for WinCE
WARNING
DESCRIPTION
General explanations on cross-compiling WinCE
CURRENT BUILD INSTRUCTIONS
OLD BUILD INSTRUCTIONS
Microsoft Embedded Visual Tools, Microsoft Visual C++, Rainer Keuchel's celib-sources, Rainer Keuchel's console-sources, go to ./win32 subdirectory, edit file ./win32/ce-helpers/compile.bat, run     
compile.bat, run compile.bat dist
Using Perl on WinCE
DESCRIPTION
LIMITATIONS
ENVIRONMENT
PERL5LIB, PATH, TMP, UNIXROOTPATH, ROWS/COLS, HOME, CONSOLEFONTSIZE
REGISTRY
XS
BUGS
INSTALLATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
History of WinCE port
AUTHORS
Rainer Keuchel <coyxc@rainer-keuchel.de>, Vadim Konovalov, Daniel Dragan
 

perlcygwin - Perl for Cygwin

SYNOPSIS
PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN
Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it)
Cygwin Configuration
"PATH", nroff
CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN
Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin
"-lcrypt", "-lgdbm_compat" ("use GDBM_File"), "-ldb" ("use DB_File"), "cygserver" ("use IPC::SysV"), "-lutil"
Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin
"-Uusedl", "-Dusemymalloc", "-Uuseperlio", "-Dusemultiplicity", "-Uuse64bitint", "-Duselongdouble", "-Uuseithreads", "-Duselargefiles", "-Dmksymlinks"
Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin
Win9x and "d_eofnblk", Compiler/Preprocessor defines
MAKE ON CYGWIN
TEST ON CYGWIN
File Permissions on Cygwin
NDBM_File and ODBM_File do not work on FAT filesystems
fork() failures in io_* tests
Specific features of the Cygwin port
Script Portability on Cygwin
Pathnames, Text/Binary, PerlIO, .exe, Cygwin vs. Windows process ids, Cygwin vs. Windows errors, rebase errors on fork or system, "chown()", Miscellaneous
Prebuilt methods:
"Cwd::cwd", "Cygwin::pid_to_winpid", "Cygwin::winpid_to_pid", "Cygwin::win_to_posix_path", "Cygwin::posix_to_win_path", "Cygwin::mount_table()", "Cygwin::mount_flags", "Cygwin::is_binmount", "Cygwin::sync_winenv"
INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
MANIFEST ON CYGWIN
Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests, Compiled Perl Source, Compiled Module Source, Perl Modules/Scripts, Perl Module Tests
BUGS ON CYGWIN
AUTHORS
HISTORY
 

perldos - Perl under DOS, W31, W95.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on DOS
DJGPP, Pthreads
Shortcomings of Perl under DOS
Building Perl on DOS
Testing Perl on DOS
Installation of Perl on DOS
BUILDING AND INSTALLING MODULES ON DOS
Building Prerequisites for Perl on DOS
Unpacking CPAN Modules on DOS
Building Non-XS Modules on DOS
Building XS Modules on DOS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlfreebsd - Perl version 5 on FreeBSD systems

DESCRIPTION
FreeBSD core dumps from readdir_r with ithreads
$^X doesn't always contain a full path in FreeBSD
AUTHOR
 

perlhaiku - Perl version 5.10+ on Haiku

DESCRIPTION
BUILD AND INSTALL
KNOWN PROBLEMS
CONTACT
 

perlhpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard Unix (HP-UX) systems

DESCRIPTION
Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
Using perl from HP's porting centre
Other prebuilt perl binaries
Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
PA-RISC
Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
PA-RISC 1.0
PA-RISC 1.1
PA-RISC 2.0
Itanium Processor Family (IPF) and HP-UX
Itanium, Itanium 2 & Madison 6
HP-UX versions
Building Dynamic Extensions on HP-UX
The HP ANSI C Compiler
The GNU C Compiler
Using Large Files with Perl on HP-UX
Threaded Perl on HP-UX
64-bit Perl on HP-UX
Oracle on HP-UX
GDBM and Threads on HP-UX
NFS filesystems and utime(2) on HP-UX
HP-UX Kernel Parameters (maxdsiz) for Compiling Perl
nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
error: pasting ) and l does not give a valid preprocessing token
Redeclaration of sendpath with a different storage class specifier
Miscellaneous
AUTHOR
 

perlhurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd

DESCRIPTION
Known Problems with Perl on Hurd
AUTHOR
 

perlirix - Perl version 5 on Irix systems

DESCRIPTION
Building 32-bit Perl in Irix
Building 64-bit Perl in Irix
About Compiler Versions of Irix
Linker Problems in Irix
Malloc in Irix
Building with threads in Irix
Irix 5.3
AUTHOR
 

perllinux - Perl version 5 on Linux systems

DESCRIPTION
Experimental Support for Sun Studio Compilers for Linux OS
AUTHOR
 

perlmacos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
 

perlmacosx - Perl under Mac OS X

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Installation Prefix
SDK support
Universal Binary support
64-bit PPC support
libperl and Prebinding
Updating Apple's Perl
Known problems
Cocoa
Starting From Scratch
AUTHOR
DATE
 

perlnetware - Perl for NetWare

DESCRIPTION
BUILD
Tools & SDK
Setup
SetNWBld.bat, Buildtype.bat
Make
Interpreter
Extensions
INSTALL
BUILD NEW EXTENSIONS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHORS
DATE
 

perlopenbsd - Perl version 5 on OpenBSD systems

DESCRIPTION
OpenBSD core dumps from getprotobyname_r and getservbyname_r with ithreads
AUTHOR
 

perlos2 - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Target
Other OSes
Prerequisites
EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh
Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
Starting OS/2 (and DOS) programs under Perl
Frequently asked questions
It does not work
I cannot run external programs
I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my program.
Is your program EMX-compiled with "-Zmt -Zcrtdll"?, Did you use ExtUtils::Embed?
`` and pipe-open do not work under DOS.
Cannot start find.exe pattern file
INSTALLATION
Automatic binary installation
"PERL_BADLANG", "PERL_BADFREE", Config.pm
Manual binary installation
Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked), Perl_ VIO executable (statically linked), Executables for Perl utilities, Main Perl library, Additional Perl modules, Tools to compile Perl modules, Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for Perl modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual in .INF format, Pdksh
Warning
Accessing documentation
OS/2 .INF file
Plain text
Manpages
HTML
GNU info files
PDF files
LaTeX docs
BUILD
The short story
Prerequisites
Getting perl source
Application of the patches
Hand-editing
Making
Testing
A lot of "bad free", Process terminated by SIGTERM/SIGINT, op/fs.t, 18, 25, op/stat.t
Installing the built perl
a.out-style build
Building a binary distribution
Building custom .EXE files
Making executables with a custom collection of statically loaded extensions
Making executables with a custom search-paths
Build FAQ
Some / became \ in pdksh.
'errno' - unresolved external
Problems with tr or sed
Some problem (forget which ;-)
Library ... not found
Segfault in make
op/sprintf test failure
Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port
setpriority, getpriority
system()
extproc on the first line
Additional modules:
Prebuilt methods:
"File::Copy::syscopy", "DynaLoader::mod2fname", "Cwd::current_drive()",
 "Cwd::sys_chdir(name)",  "Cwd::change_drive(name)""Cwd::sys_is_absolute(name)",   "Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name)",
"Cwd::sys_is_relative(name)",   "Cwd::sys_cwd(name)",
"Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir)", "Cwd::extLibpath([type])", "Cwd::extLibpath_set( path [, type ] )", "OS2::Error(do_harderror,do_exception)", "OS2::Errors2Drive(drive)", OS2::SysInfo(), OS2::BootDrive(), "OS2::MorphPM(serve)", "OS2::UnMorphPM(serve)", "OS2::Serve_Messages(force)", "OS2::Process_Messages(force [, cnt])", "OS2::_control87(new,mask)", OS2::get_control87(), "OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)", "OS2::DLLname([how [, \&xsub]])"
Prebuilt variables:
$OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver, $OS2::is_aout, $OS2::can_fork, $OS2::nsyserror
Misfeatures
Modifications
"popen", "tmpnam", "tmpfile", "ctermid", "stat", "mkdir", "rmdir", "flock"
Identifying DLLs
Centralized management of resources
"HAB", "HMQ", Treating errors reported by OS/2 API, "CheckOSError(expr)", "CheckWinError(expr)", "SaveWinError(expr)", "SaveCroakWinError(expr,die,name1,name2)", "WinError_2_Perl_rc", "FillWinError", "FillOSError(rc)", Loading DLLs and ordinals in DLLs
Perl flavors
perl.exe
perl_.exe
perl__.exe
perl___.exe
Why strange names?
Why dynamic linking?
Why chimera build?
ENVIRONMENT
PERLLIB_PREFIX
PERL_BADLANG
PERL_BADFREE
PERL_SH_DIR
USE_PERL_FLOCK
TMP or TEMP
Evolution
Text-mode filehandles
Priorities
DLL name mangling: pre 5.6.2
DLL name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond
Global DLLs, specific DLLs, "BEGINLIBPATH" and "ENDLIBPATH", . from "LIBPATH"
DLL forwarder generation
Threading
Calls to external programs
Memory allocation
Threads
"COND_WAIT", os2.c
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

perlos390 - building and installing Perl for OS/390 and z/OS

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Tools
Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
Configure Perl on OS/390
Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
Mailing list for Perl on OS/390
HISTORY
 

perlos400 - Perl version 5 on OS/400

DESCRIPTION
Compiling Perl for OS/400 PASE
Installing Perl in OS/400 PASE
Using Perl in OS/400 PASE
Known Problems
Perl on ILE
AUTHORS
 

perlplan9 - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl

DESCRIPTION
Invoking Perl
What's in Plan 9 Perl
What's not in Plan 9 Perl
Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
Signals in Plan 9 Perl
COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9
Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
BUGS
Revision date
AUTHOR
 

perlqnx - Perl version 5 on QNX

DESCRIPTION
Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4
/bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make
Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
QNX auxiliary files
qnx/ar, qnx/cpp
Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
Cross-compilation
AUTHOR
 

perlriscos - Perl version 5 for RISC OS

DESCRIPTION
BUILD
AUTHOR
 

perlsolaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris systems

DESCRIPTION
Solaris Version Numbers.
RESOURCES
Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation
SETTING UP
File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
Environment for Compiling perl on Solaris
RUN CONFIGURE.
64-bit perl on Solaris.
Threads in perl on Solaris.
Malloc Issues with perl on Solaris.
MAKE PROBLEMS.
Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld, ld.so.1: ./perl: fatal: relocation error:, dlopen: stub interception failed, #error ``No DATAMODEL_NATIVE specified'', sh: ar: not found
MAKE TEST
op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
CROSS-COMPILATION
PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.
Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.
SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.
Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
BSD::Resource on Solaris
Net::SSLeay on Solaris
SunOS 4.x
AUTHOR
 

perlsymbian - Perl version 5 on Symbian OS

DESCRIPTION
Compiling Perl on Symbian
Compilation problems
PerlApp
sisify.pl
Using Perl in Symbian
TO DO
WARNING
NOTE
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE
HISTORY
 

perlsynology - Perl 5 on Synology DSM systems

DESCRIPTION
Setting up the build environment
Compiling Perl 5
Known problems
Error message ``No error definitions found'', ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t
Smoke testing Perl 5
Adding libraries
REVISION
AUTHOR
 

perltru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as Digital UNIX formerly known as DEC OSF/1) systems

DESCRIPTION
Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
Threaded Perl on Tru64
Long Doubles on Tru64
DB_File tests failing on Tru64
64-bit Perl on Tru64
Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64
Testing Perl on Tru64
ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
read_cur_obj_info: bad file magic number
AUTHOR
 

perlvms - VMS-specific documentation for Perl

DESCRIPTION
Installation
Organization of Perl Images
Core Images
Perl Extensions
Installing static extensions
Installing dynamic extensions
File specifications
Syntax
Filename Case
Symbolic Links
Wildcard expansion
Pipes
PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
The Perl Forked Debugger
PERL_VMS_EXCEPTION_DEBUG
Command line
I/O redirection and backgrounding
Command line switches
-i, -S, -u
Perl functions
File tests, backticks, binmode FILEHANDLE, crypt PLAINTEXT, USER, die, dump, exec LIST, fork, getpwent, getpwnam, getpwuid, gmtime, kill, qx//, select (system call), stat EXPR, system LIST, time, times, unlink LIST, utime LIST, waitpid PID,FLAGS
Perl variables
%ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[LOCAL], Any other string, $!, $^E, $?, $|
Standard modules with VMS-specific differences
SDBM_File
Revision date
AUTHOR
 

perlvos - Perl for Stratus OpenVOS

SYNOPSIS
BUILDING PERL FOR OPENVOS
INSTALLING PERL IN OPENVOS
USING PERL IN OPENVOS
Restrictions of Perl on OpenVOS
TEST STATUS
SUPPORT STATUS
AUTHOR
LAST UPDATE
 

perlwin32 - Perl under Windows

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
<http://mingw.org>, <http://mingw-w64.org>
Setting Up Perl on Windows
Make, Command Shell, Microsoft Visual C++, Microsoft Visual C++ 2008-2013 Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ Toolkit 2003, Microsoft Platform SDK 64-bit Compiler, MinGW release 3 with gcc, Intel C++ Compiler
Building
Testing Perl on Windows
Installation of Perl on Windows
Usage Hints for Perl on Windows
Environment Variables, File Globbing, Using perl from the command line, Building Extensions, Command-line Wildcard Expansion, Notes on 64-bit Windows
Running Perl Scripts
Miscellaneous Things
BUGS AND CAVEATS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHORS
Gary Ng <71564.1743@CompuServe.COM>, Gurusamy Sarathy <gsar@activestate.com>, Nick Ing-Simmons <nick@ing-simmons.net>, Jan Dubois <jand@activestate.com>, Steve Hay <steve.m.hay@googlemail.com>
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

perlboot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl

DESCRIPTION
 

perlbot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl

DESCRIPTION
 

perlrepository - Links to current information on the Perl source repository

DESCRIPTION
 

perltodo - Link to the Perl to-do list

DESCRIPTION
 

perltooc - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl

DESCRIPTION
 

perltoot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl

DESCRIPTION
 

PRAGMA DOCUMENTATION

 

arybase - Set indexing base via $[

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

attributes - get/set subroutine or variable attributes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
What import does
Built-in Attributes
lvalue, method, prototype(..), locked, const, shared, unique
Available Subroutines
get, reftype
Package-specific Attribute Handling
FETCH_type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_type_ATTRIBUTES
Syntax of Attribute Lists
EXPORTS
Default exports
Available exports
Export tags defined
EXAMPLES
MORE EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
 

autodie - Replace functions with ones that succeed or die with lexical scope

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXCEPTIONS
CATEGORIES
FUNCTION SPECIFIC NOTES
print
flock
system/exec
GOTCHAS
DIAGNOSTICS
:void cannot be used with lexical scope, No user hints defined for %s
BUGS
autodie and string eval
REPORTING BUGS
FEEDBACK
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
 

autodie::Scope::Guard - Wrapper class for calling subs at end of scope

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

autodie::Scope::GuardStack - Hook stack for managing scopes via %^H

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

autodie::Util - Internal Utility subroutines for autodie and Fatal

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

autodie::exception - Exceptions from autodying functions.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Common Methods
Advanced methods
SEE ALSO
LICENSE
AUTHOR
 

autodie::exception::system - Exceptions from autodying system().

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
stringify
LICENSE
AUTHOR
 

autodie::hints - Provide hints about user subroutines to autodie

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Introduction
What are hints?
Example hints
Manually setting hints from within your program
Adding hints to your module
Insisting on hints
Diagnostics
Attempts to set_hints_for unidentifiable subroutine, fail hints cannot be provided with either scalar or list hints for %s, %s hint missing for %s
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

autodie::skip - Skip a package when throwing autodie exceptions

SYNPOSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

autouse - postpone load of modules until a function is used

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
WARNING
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

base - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DIAGNOSTICS
Base class package ``%s'' is empty, Class 'Foo' tried to inherit from itself
HISTORY
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
 

bigint - Transparent BigInteger support for Perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
use integer vs. use bigint
Options
a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, hex, oct, l, lib, try or only, v or version
Math Library
Internal Format
Sign
Method calls
Methods
inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()
CAVEATS
Operator vs literal overloading, ranges, in_effect(), hex()/oct()
MODULES USED
EXAMPLES
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

bignum - Transparent BigNumber support for Perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Options
a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct, v or version
Methods
Caveats
inf(), NaN(), e, PI(), bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()
Math Library
INTERNAL FORMAT
SIGN
CAVEATS
Operator vs literal overloading, in_effect(), hex()/oct()
MODULES USED
EXAMPLES
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

bigrat - Transparent BigNumber/BigRational support for Perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Modules Used
Math Library
Sign
Methods
inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()
MATH LIBRARY
Caveat
Options
a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct, v or version
CAVEATS
Operator vs literal overloading, in_effect(), hex()/oct()
EXAMPLES
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

blib - Use MakeMaker's uninstalled version of a package

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

bytes - Perl pragma to expose the individual bytes of characters

NOTICE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
 

charnames - access to Unicode character names and named character sequences; also define character names

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LOOSE MATCHES
ALIASES
CUSTOM ALIASES
charnames::string_vianame(name)
charnames::vianame(name)
charnames::viacode(code)
CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
BUGS
 

constant - Perl pragma to declare constants

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
List constants
Defining multiple constants at once
Magic constants
TECHNICAL NOTES
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

deprecate - Perl pragma for deprecating the core version of a module

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

diagnostics, splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
The diagnostics Pragma
The splain Program
EXAMPLES
INTERNALS
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

encoding - allows you to write your script in non-ASCII and non-UTF-8

WARNING
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
"use encoding ['ENCNAME'] ;", "use encoding ENCNAME Filter=>1;", "no encoding;"
OPTIONS
Setting STDIN and/or STDOUT individually
The :locale sub-pragma
CAVEATS
SIDE EFFECTS
DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS
Prior to Perl v5.22
Prior to Encode version 1.87
Prior to Perl v5.8.1
``NON-EUC'' doublebyte encodings, "tr///", Legend of characters above
EXAMPLE - Greekperl
BUGS
Thread safety, Can't be used by more than one module in a single program, Other modules using "STDIN" and "STDOUT" get the encoded stream, literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes, EBCDIC, "format", See also ``CAVEATS''
HISTORY
SEE ALSO
 

encoding::warnings - Warn on implicit encoding conversions

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overview of the problem
Detecting the problem
Solving the problem
Upgrade both sides to unicode-strings, Downgrade both sides to byte-strings, Specify the encoding for implicit byte-string upgrading, PerlIO layers for STDIN and STDOUT, Literal conversions, Implicit upgrading for byte-strings
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

experimental - Experimental features made easy

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Ordering matters
Disclaimer
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

feature - Perl pragma to enable new features

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Lexical effect
no feature
AVAILABLE FEATURES
The 'say' feature
The 'state' feature
The 'switch' feature
The 'unicode_strings' feature
The 'unicode_eval' and 'evalbytes' features
The 'current_sub' feature
The 'array_base' feature
The 'fc' feature
The 'lexical_subs' feature
The 'postderef' and 'postderef_qq' features
The 'signatures' feature
The 'refaliasing' feature
The 'bitwise' feature
FEATURE BUNDLES
IMPLICIT LOADING
 

fields - compile-time class fields

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
new, phash
SEE ALSO
 

filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Consider this carefully
The access sub-pragma
Limitation with regard to _
 

if - use a Perl module if a condition holds (also can no a module)

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
 

integer - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of floating point

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

less - perl pragma to request less of something

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FOR MODULE AUTHORS
BOOLEAN = less->of( FEATURE )
FEATURES = less->of()
CAVEATS
This probably does nothing, This works only on 5.10+
 

lib - manipulate @INC at compile time

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Adding directories to @INC
Deleting directories from @INC
Restoring original @INC
CAVEATS
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

locale - Perl pragma to use or avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations

WARNING
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

mro - Method Resolution Order

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW
The C3 MRO
What is C3?
How does C3 work
Functions
mro::get_linear_isa($classname[, $type])
mro::set_mro ($classname, $type)
mro::get_mro($classname)
mro::get_isarev($classname)
mro::is_universal($classname)
mro::invalidate_all_method_caches()
mro::method_changed_in($classname)
mro::get_pkg_gen($classname)
next::method
next::can
maybe::next::method
SEE ALSO
The original Dylan paper
<http://haahr.tempdomainname.com/dylan/linearization-oopsla96.html>
Pugs
Parrot
<http://use.perl.org/~autrijus/journal/25768>
Python 2.3 MRO related links
<http://www.python.org/2.3/mro.html>, <http://www.python.org/2.2.2/descrintro.html#mro>
Class::C3
Class::C3
AUTHOR
 

ok - Alternative to Test::More::use_ok

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CC0 1.0 Universal
 

open - perl pragma to set default PerlIO layers for input and output

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NONPERLIO FUNCTIONALITY
IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
SEE ALSO
 

ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling

SYNOPSIS     
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

overload - Package for overloading Perl operations

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Fundamentals
Overloadable Operations
"not", "neg", "++", "--", Assignments, Non-mutators with a mutator
variant
, "int", String, numeric, boolean, and regexp conversions, Iteration, File tests, Matching, Dereferencing, Special
Magic Autogeneration
Special Keys for use overload
defined, but FALSE, "undef", TRUE
How Perl Chooses an Operator Implementation
Losing Overloading
Inheritance and Overloading
Method names in the "use overload" directive, Overloading of an operation is inherited by derived classes
Run-time Overloading
Public Functions
overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg), overload::Method(obj,op)
Overloading Constants
integer, float, binary, q, qr
IMPLEMENTATION
COOKBOOK
Two-face Scalars
Two-face References
Symbolic Calculator
Really Symbolic Calculator
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
DIAGNOSTICS
Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, '%s' is not an overloadable type, '%s' is not a code reference, overload arg '%s' is invalid
BUGS AND PITFALLS
 

overloading - perl pragma to lexically control overloading

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
"no overloading", "no overloading @ops", "use overloading", "use overloading @ops"
 

parent - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS
MAINTAINER
LICENSE
 

re - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
'taint' mode
'eval' mode
'strict' mode
'/flags' mode
'debug' mode
'Debug' mode
Compile related options, COMPILE, PARSE, OPTIMISE, TRIEC, DUMP, FLAGS, TEST, Execute related options, EXECUTE, MATCH, TRIEE, INTUIT, Extra debugging options, EXTRA, BUFFERS, TRIEM, STATE, STACK, GPOS, OPTIMISEM, OFFSETS, OFFSETSDBG, Other useful flags, ALL, All, MORE, More
Exportable Functions
is_regexp($ref), regexp_pattern($ref), regmust($ref), regname($name,$all), regnames($all), regnames_count()
SEE ALSO
 

sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
SIGNAL HANDLERS
stack-trace, die, handler your-handler
SIGNAL LISTS
normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals
OTHER
untrapped, any, signal, number
EXAMPLES
 

sort - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
 

strict - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
"strict refs", "strict vars", "strict subs"
HISTORY
 

subs - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

threads - Perl interpreter-based threads

VERSION
WARNING
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$thr = threads->create(FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr->join(), $thr->detach(), threads->detach(), threads->self(), $thr->tid(), threads->tid(), ``$thr'', threads->object($tid), threads->yield(), threads->list(), threads->list(threads::all), threads->list(threads::running), threads->list(threads::joinable), $thr1->equal($thr2), async BLOCK;, $thr->error(), $thr->_handle(), threads->_handle()
EXITING A THREAD
threads->exit(), threads->exit(status), die(), exit(status), use threads 'exit' => 'threads_only', threads->create({'exit' => 'thread_only'}, ...), $thr->set_thread_exit_only(boolean), threads->set_thread_exit_only(boolean)
THREAD STATE
$thr->is_running(), $thr->is_joinable(), $thr->is_detached(), threads->is_detached()
THREAD CONTEXT
Explicit context
Implicit context
$thr->wantarray()
threads->wantarray()
THREAD STACK SIZE
threads->get_stack_size();, $size = $thr->get_stack_size();, $old_size = threads->set_stack_size($new_size);, use threads ('stack_size' => VALUE);, $ENV{'PERL5_ITHREADS_STACK_SIZE'}, threads->create({'stack_size' => VALUE}, FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr2 = $thr1->create(FUNCTION, ARGS)
THREAD SIGNALLING
$thr->kill('SIG...');
WARNINGS
Perl exited with active threads:, Thread creation failed: pthread_create returned #, Thread # terminated abnormally: .., Using minimum thread stack size of #, Thread creation failed: pthread_attr_setstacksize(SIZE) returned 22
ERRORS
This Perl not built to support threads, Cannot change stack size of an existing thread, Cannot signal threads without safe signals, Unrecognized signal name: ..
BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
Thread-safe modules, Using non-thread-safe modules, Memory consumption, Current working directory, Environment variables, Catching signals, Parent-child threads, Creating threads inside special blocks, Unsafe signals, Perl has been built with "PERL_OLD_SIGNALS" (see "perl -V"), The environment variable "PERL_SIGNALS" is set to "unsafe" (see ``PERL_SIGNALS'' in perlrun), The module Perl::Unsafe::Signals is used, Returning closures from threads, Returning objects from threads, END blocks in threads, Open directory handles, Perl Bugs and the CPAN Version of threads
REQUIREMENTS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
 

threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between threads

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORT
FUNCTIONS
share VARIABLE, shared_clone REF, is_shared VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR, cond_timedwait VARIABLE, ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait CONDVAR, ABS_TIMEOUT, LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE
OBJECTS
NOTES
WARNINGS
cond_broadcast() called on unlocked variable, cond_signal() called on unlocked variable
BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

utf8 - Perl pragma to enable/disable UTF-8 (or UTF-EBCDIC) in source code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Utility functions
"$num_octets = utf8::upgrade($string)", "$success = utf8::downgrade($string[, $fail_ok])", "utf8::encode($string)", "$success = utf8::decode($string)", "$unicode = utf8::native_to_unicode($code_point)", "$native = utf8::unicode_to_native($code_point)", "$flag = utf8::is_utf8($string)", "$flag = utf8::valid($string)"
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

vars - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

version - Perl extension for Version Objects

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
TYPES OF VERSION OBJECTS
Decimal Versions, Dotted Decimal Versions
DECLARING VERSIONS
How to convert a module from decimal to dotted-decimal
How to declare() a dotted-decimal version
PARSING AND COMPARING VERSIONS
How to parse() a version
How to check for a legal version string
"is_lax()", "is_strict()"
How to compare version objects
OBJECT METHODS
is_alpha()
is_qv()
normal()
numify()
stringify()
EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
qv()
is_lax()
is_strict()
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

version::Internals - Perl extension for Version Objects

DESCRIPTION
WHAT IS A VERSION?
Decimal versions, Dotted-Decimal versions
Decimal Versions
Dotted-Decimal Versions
Alpha Versions
Regular Expressions for Version Parsing
$version::LAX, $version::STRICT, v1.234.5
IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
Equivalence between Decimal and Dotted-Decimal Versions
Quoting Rules
What about v-strings?
Version Object Internals
original, qv, alpha, version
Replacement UNIVERSAL::VERSION
USAGE DETAILS
Using modules that use version.pm
Decimal versions always work, Dotted-Decimal version work sometimes
Object Methods
new(), qv(), Normal Form, Numification, Stringification, Comparison operators, Logical Operators
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
"vmsish status", "vmsish exit", "vmsish time", "vmsish hushed"
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Default Warnings and Optional Warnings
What's wrong with -w and $^W
Controlling Warnings from the Command Line
-w , -W , -X
Backward Compatibility
Category Hierarchy
Fatal Warnings
Reporting Warnings from a Module
FUNCTIONS
use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(), warnings::enabled($category), warnings::enabled($object), warnings::fatal_enabled(), warnings::fatal_enabled($category), warnings::fatal_enabled($object), warnings::warn($message), warnings::warn($category, $message), warnings::warn($object, $message), warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($category, $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message), warnings::register_categories(@names)
 

warnings::register - warnings import function

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

MODULE DOCUMENTATION

 

AnyDBM_File - provide framework for multiple DBMs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DBM Comparisons
[0], [1], [2], [3]
SEE ALSO
 

App::Cpan - easily interact with CPAN from the command line

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Options
-a, -A module [ module ... ], -c module, -C module [ module ... ], -D module [ module ... ], -f, -F, -g module [ module ... ], -G module [ module ... ], -h, -i, -I, -j Config.pm, -J, -l, -L author [ author ... ], -m, -M mirror1,mirror2,.., -n, -O, -p, -P, -r, -t, -T, -u, -v, -V, -w
Examples
Environment variables
NONINTERACTIVE_TESTING, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, CPAN_OPTS, CPANSCRIPT_LOGLEVEL, GIT_COMMAND
Methods

run()

EXIT VALUES
TO DO
BUGS
SEE ALSO
SOURCE AVAILABILITY
CREDITS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

App::Prove - Implements the prove command.

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
Attributes
"archive", "argv", "backwards", "blib", "color", "directives", "dry", "exec", "extensions", "failures", "comments", "formatter", "harness", "ignore_exit", "includes", "jobs", "lib", "merge", "modules", "parse", "plugins", "quiet", "really_quiet", "recurse", "rules", "show_count", "show_help", "show_man", "show_version", "shuffle", "state", "state_class", "taint_fail", "taint_warn", "test_args", "timer", "verbose", "warnings_fail", "warnings_warn", "tapversion", "trap"
PLUGINS
Sample Plugin
SEE ALSO
 

App::Prove::State - State storage for the prove command.

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
"store", "extensions" (optional), "result_class" (optional)
result_class
extensions
results
commit
Instance Methods
"last", "failed", "passed", "all", "hot", "todo", "slow", "fast", "new", "old", "save"
 

App::Prove::State::Result - Individual test suite results.

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
state_version
test_class
 

App::Prove::State::Result::Test - Individual test results.

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
Instance Methods
 

Archive::Tar - module for manipulations of tar archives

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Object Methods
Archive::Tar->new( [$file, $compressed] )
$tar->read ( $filename|$handle, [$compressed, {opt => 'val'}] )
limit, filter, md5, extract
$tar->contains_file( $filename )
$tar->extract( [@filenames] )
$tar->extract_file( $file, [$extract_path] )
$tar->list_files( [\@properties] )
$tar->get_files( [@filenames] )
$tar->get_content( $file )
$tar->replace_content( $file, $content )
$tar->rename( $file, $new_name )
$tar->chmod( $file, $mode )
$tar->chown( $file, $uname [, $gname] )
$tar->remove (@filenamelist)
$tar->clear
$tar->write ( [$file, $compressed, $prefix] )
$tar->add_files( @filenamelist )
$tar->add_data ( $filename, $data, [$opthashref] )
FILE, HARDLINK, SYMLINK, CHARDEV, BLOCKDEV, DIR, FIFO, SOCKET
$tar->error( [$BOOL] )
$tar->setcwd( $cwd );
Class Methods
Archive::Tar->create_archive($file, $compressed, @filelist)
Archive::Tar->iter( $filename, [ $compressed, {opt => $val} ] )
Archive::Tar->list_archive($file, $compressed, [\@properties])
Archive::Tar->extract_archive($file, $compressed)
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_io_string
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_perlio
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_zlib_support
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_bzip2_support
Archive::Tar->can_handle_compressed_files
GLOBAL VARIABLES
$Archive::Tar::FOLLOW_SYMLINK
$Archive::Tar::CHOWN
$Archive::Tar::CHMOD
$Archive::Tar::SAME_PERMISSIONS
$Archive::Tar::DO_NOT_USE_PREFIX
$Archive::Tar::DEBUG
$Archive::Tar::WARN
$Archive::Tar::error
$Archive::Tar::INSECURE_EXTRACT_MODE
$Archive::Tar::HAS_PERLIO
$Archive::Tar::HAS_IO_STRING
$Archive::Tar::ZERO_PAD_NUMBERS
Tuning the way RESOLVE_SYMLINK will works
FAQ
What's the minimum perl version required to run Archive::Tar?, Isn't Archive::Tar slow?, Isn't Archive::Tar heavier on memory than /bin/tar?, Can you lazy-load data instead?, How much memory will an X kb tar file need?, What do you do with unsupported filetypes in an archive?, I'm using WinZip, or some other non-POSIX client, and files are not being extracted properly!, How do I extract only files that have property X from an archive?, How do I access .tar.Z files?, How do I handle Unicode strings?
CAVEATS
TODO
Check if passed in handles are open for read/write, Allow archives to be passed in as string, Facilitate processing an opened filehandle of a compressed archive
SEE ALSO
The GNU tar specification, The PAX format specification, A comparison of GNU and POSIX tar standards; "http://www.delorie.com/gnu/docs/tar/tar_114.html", GNU tar intends to switch to POSIX compatibility, A Comparison between various tar implementations
AUTHOR
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
COPYRIGHT
 

Archive::Tar::File - a subclass for in-memory extracted file from Archive::Tar

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Accessors
name, mode, uid, gid, size, mtime, chksum, type, linkname, magic, version, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix, raw
Methods
Archive::Tar::File->new( file => $path )
Archive::Tar::File->new( data => $path, $data, $opt )
Archive::Tar::File->new( chunk => $chunk )
$bool = $file->extract( [ $alternative_name ] )
$path = $file->full_path
$bool = $file->validate
$bool = $file->has_content
$content = $file->get_content
$cref = $file->get_content_by_ref
$bool = $file->replace_content( $content )
$bool = $file->rename( $new_name )
$bool = $file->chmod $mode)
$bool = $file->chown( $user [, $group])
Convenience methods
$file->is_file, $file->is_dir, $file->is_hardlink, $file->is_symlink, $file->is_chardev, $file->is_blockdev, $file->is_fifo, $file->is_socket, $file->is_longlink, $file->is_label, $file->is_unknown
 

Attribute::Handlers - Simpler definition of attribute handlers

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
[0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]
Typed lexicals
Type-specific attribute handlers
Non-interpretive attribute handlers
Phase-specific attribute handlers
Attributes as tie interfaces
EXAMPLES
UTILITY FUNCTIONS
findsym
DIAGNOSTICS
"Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s)", "Attribute handler %s doesn't handle %s attributes", "Declaration of %s attribute in package %s may clash with future reserved word", "Can't have two ATTR specifiers on one subroutine", "Can't autotie a %s", "Internal error: %s symbol went missing", "Won't be able to apply END handler"
AUTHOR
BUGS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

AutoLoader - load subroutines only on demand

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Subroutine Stubs
Using AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
Overriding AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
Package Lexicals
Not Using AutoLoader
AutoLoader vs. SelfLoader
Forcing AutoLoader to Load a Function
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$keep, $check, $modtime
Multiple packages
DIAGNOSTICS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

B - The Perl Compiler Backend

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW
Utility Functions
Functions Returning B::SV, B::AV, B::HV, and B::CV objects
sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, svref_2object(SVREF), amagic_generation, init_av, check_av, unitcheck_av, begin_av, end_av, comppadlist, regex_padav, main_cv
Functions for Examining the Symbol Table
walksymtable(SYMREF, METHOD, RECURSE, PREFIX)
Functions Returning B::OP objects or for walking op trees
main_root, main_start, walkoptree(OP, METHOD), walkoptree_debug(DEBUG)
Miscellaneous Utility Functions
ppname(OPNUM), hash(STR), cast_I32(I), minus_c, cstring(STR), perlstring(STR), safename(STR), class(OBJ), threadsv_names
Exported utility variables
@optype, @specialsv_name
OVERVIEW OF CLASSES
SV-RELATED CLASSES
B::SV Methods
REFCNT, FLAGS, object_2svref
B::IV Methods
IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv
B::NV Methods
NV, NVX, COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH
B::RV Methods
RV
B::PV Methods
PV, RV, PVX, CUR, LEN
B::PVMG Methods
MAGIC, SvSTASH
B::MAGIC Methods
MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR, REGEX
B::PVLV Methods
TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG
B::BM Methods
USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE
B::REGEXP Methods
REGEX, precomp, qr_anoncv, compflags
B::GV Methods
is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV, CVGEN, LINE, FILE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS, GPFLAGS
B::IO Methods
LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV, FMT_NAME, FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS, IsSTD
B::AV Methods
FILL, MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, OFF, AvFLAGS
B::CV Methods
STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUTSIDE, OUTSIDE_SEQ, XSUB, XSUBANY, CvFLAGS, const_sv, NAME_HEK
B::HV Methods
FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, ARRAY, PMROOT
OP-RELATED CLASSES
B::OP Methods
next, sibling, parent, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, opt, flags, private, spare
B::UNOP Method
first
B::UNOP_AUX Methods (since 5.22)
aux_list(cv), string(cv)
B::BINOP Method
last
B::LOGOP Method
other
B::LISTOP Method
children
B::PMOP Methods
pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmflags, extflags, precomp, pmoffset, code_list, pmregexp
B::SVOP Methods
sv, gv
B::PADOP Method
padix
B::PVOP Method
pv
B::LOOP Methods
redoop, nextop, lastop
B::COP Methods
label, stash, stashpv, stashoff (threaded only), file, cop_seq, arybase, line, warnings, io, hints, hints_hash
B::METHOP Methods (Since Perl 5.22)
first, meth_sv
PAD-RELATED CLASSES
B::PADLIST Methods
MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, NAMES, REFCNT, id, outid
B::PADNAMELIST Methods
MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, REFCNT
B::PADNAME Methods
PV, PVX, LEN, REFCNT, FLAGS, TYPE, SvSTASH, OURSTASH, PROTOCV, COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH, PARENT_PAD_INDEX, PARENT_FAKELEX_FLAGS
$B::overlay
AUTHOR
 

B::Concise - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info about ops

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE
OPTIONS
Options for Opcode Ordering
-basic, -exec, -tree
Options for Line-Style
-concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env
Options for tree-specific formatting
-compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii
Options controlling sequence numbering
-basen, -bigendian, -littleendian
Other options
-src, -stash=``somepackage'', -main, -nomain, -nobanner, -banner, -banneris => subref
Option Stickiness
ABBREVIATIONS
OP class abbreviations
OP flags abbreviations
FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS
Special Patterns
(x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*), (*(text1;text2)*), (?(text1#varText2)?), ~
# Variables
#var, #varN, #Var, #addr, #arg, #class, #classsym, #coplabel, #exname, #extarg, #firstaddr, #flags, #flagval, #hints, #hintsval, #hyphseq, #label, #lastaddr, #name, #NAME, #next, #nextaddr, #noise, #private, #privval, #seq, #seqnum, #opt, #sibaddr, #svaddr, #svclass, #svval, #targ, #targarg, #targarglife, #typenum
One-Liner Command tips
perl -MO=Concise,bar foo.pl, perl -MDigest::MD5=md5 -MO=Concise,md5 -e1, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,_POSIX_ARG_MAX -e1, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,a -e 'print _POSIX_SAVED_IDS', perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,a -e 'sub a{_POSIX_SAVED_IDS}', perl -MB::Concise -e 'B::Concise::compile(``-exec'',``-src'', \%B::Concise::)->()'
Using B::Concise outside of the O framework
Example: Altering Concise Renderings
set_style()
set_style_standard($name)
add_style ()
add_callback ()
Running B::Concise::compile()
B::Concise::reset_sequence()
Errors
AUTHOR
 

B::Debug - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing debug info about ops

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

B::Deparse - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
-d, -fFILE, -l, -p, -P, -q, -sLETTERS, C, iNUMBER, T, vSTRING., -xLEVEL
USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE
Synopsis
Description
new
ambient_pragmas
strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings, hint_bits, warning_bits, %^H
coderef2text
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

B::Op_private - OP op_private flag definitions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
%bits
%defines
%labels
%ops_using
 

B::Showlex - Show lexical variables used in functions or files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
OPTIONS
SEE ALSO
TODO
AUTHOR
 

B::Terse - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about ops

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
 

B::Xref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
i, &, s, r
OPTIONS
"-oFILENAME", "-r", "-d", "-D[tO]"
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

Benchmark - benchmark running times of Perl code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods
new, debug, iters
Standard Exports
timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE, [ STYLE ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), timediff ( T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )
Optional Exports
clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), cmpthese ( RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), countit(TIME, CODE), disablecache ( ), enablecache ( ), timesum ( T1, T2 )
:hireswallclock
Benchmark Object
cpu_p, cpu_c, cpu_a, real, iters
NOTES
EXAMPLES
INHERITANCE
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
MODIFICATION HISTORY
 

CORE - Namespace for Perl's core routines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDING CORE FUNCTIONS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CPAN::shell([$prompt, $command]) Starting Interactive Mode
Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules, "get", "make", "test", "install", "clean" modules or distributions, "readme", "perldoc", "look" module or distribution, "ls" author, "ls" globbing_expression, "failed", Persistence between sessions, The "force" and the "fforce" pragma, Lockfile, Signals
CPAN::Shell
autobundle
hosts
install_tested, is_tested
mkmyconfig
r [Module|/Regexp/]...
recent ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
recompile
report Bundle|Distribution|Module
smoke ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
upgrade [Module|/Regexp/]...
The four CPAN::* Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribution
Integrating local directories
Redirection
Plugin support ***EXPERIMENTAL***
CONFIGURATION
completion support, displaying some help: o conf help, displaying current values: o conf [KEY], changing of scalar values: o conf KEY VALUE, changing of list values: o conf KEY SHIFT|UNSHIFT|PUSH|POP|SPLICE|LIST, reverting to saved: o conf defaults, saving the config: o conf commit
Config Variables
"o conf <scalar option>", "o conf <scalar option> <value>", "o conf <list option>", "o conf <list option> [shift|pop]", "o conf <list option> [unshift|push|splice] <list>", interactive editing: o conf init [MATCH|LIST]
CPAN::anycwd($path): Note on config variable getcwd
cwd, getcwd, fastcwd, getdcwd, backtickcwd
Note on the format of the urllist parameter
The urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
Maintaining the urllist parameter
The requires and build_requires dependency declarations
Configuration for individual distributions (Distroprefs)
Filenames
Fallback Data::Dumper and Storable
Blueprint
Language Specs
comment [scalar], cpanconfig [hash], depends [hash] *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, disabled [boolean], features [array] *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, goto [string], install [hash], make [hash], match [hash], patches [array], pl [hash], test [hash]
Processing Instructions
args [array], commandline, eexpect [hash], env [hash], expect [array]
Schema verification with Kwalify
Example Distroprefs Files
PROGRAMMER'S INTERFACE
expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Programming Examples
Methods in the other Classes
CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Author::as_string(), CPAN::Author::email(), CPAN::Author::fullname(), CPAN::Author::name(), CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(), CPAN::Bundle::contains(), CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args), CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_file(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(), CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(), CPAN::Bundle::install(), CPAN::Bundle::make(), CPAN::Bundle::readme(), CPAN::Bundle::test(), CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Distribution::as_string(), CPAN::Distribution::author, CPAN::Distribution::pretty_id(), CPAN::Distribution::base_id(), CPAN::Distribution::clean(), CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(), CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import(), CPAN::Distribution::dir(), CPAN::Distribution::force($method,@args), CPAN::Distribution::get(), CPAN::Distribution::install(), CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl(), CPAN::Distribution::look(), CPAN::Distribution::make(), CPAN::Distribution::perldoc(), CPAN::Distribution::prefs(), CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm(), CPAN::Distribution::readme(), CPAN::Distribution::reports(), CPAN::Distribution::read_yaml(), CPAN::Distribution::test(), CPAN::Distribution::uptodate(), CPAN::Index::force_reload(), CPAN::Index::reload(), CPAN::InfoObj::dump(), CPAN::Module::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Module::as_string(), CPAN::Module::clean(), CPAN::Module::cpan_file(), CPAN::Module::cpan_version(), CPAN::Module::cvs_import(), CPAN::Module::description(), CPAN::Module::distribution(), CPAN::Module::dslip_status(), CPAN::Module::force($method,@args), CPAN::Module::get(), CPAN::Module::inst_file(), CPAN::Module::available_file(), CPAN::Module::inst_version(), CPAN::Module::available_version(), CPAN::Module::install(), CPAN::Module::look(), CPAN::Module::make(), CPAN::Module::manpage_headline(), CPAN::Module::perldoc(), CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Module::reports(), CPAN::Module::test(), CPAN::Module::uptodate(), CPAN::Module::userid()
Cache Manager
Bundles
PREREQUISITES
UTILITIES
Finding packages and VERSION
Debugging
o debug package.., o debug -package.., o debug all, o debug number
Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
Basic Utilities for Programmers
has_inst($module), use_inst($module), has_usable($module), instance($module), frontend(), frontend($new_frontend)
SECURITY
Cryptographically signed modules
EXPORT
ENVIRONMENT
POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS
Three basic types of firewalls
http firewall, ftp firewall, One-way visibility, SOCKS, IP Masquerade
Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall
FAQ
1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10), 11), 12), 13), 14), 15), 16), 17), 18)
COMPATIBILITY
OLD PERL VERSIONS
CPANPLUS
CPANMINUS
SECURITY ADVICE
BUGS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
TRANSLATIONS
SEE ALSO
 

CPAN::API::HOWTO - a recipe book for programming with CPAN.pm

RECIPES
What distribution contains a particular module?
What modules does a particular distribution contain?
SEE ALSO
LICENSE
AUTHOR
 

CPAN::Debug - internal debugging for CPAN.pm

LICENSE
 

CPAN::Distroprefs --- read and match distroprefs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
INTERFACE
a CPAN::Distroprefs::Result object, "undef", indicating that no prefs files remain to be found
RESULTS
Common
Errors
Successes
PREFS
LICENSE
 

CPAN::FirstTime - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initialization

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

auto_commit, build_cache, build_dir, build_dir_reuse, build_requires_install_policy, cache_metadata, check_sigs, colorize_output, colorize_print, colorize_warn, colorize_debug, commandnumber_in_prompt, connect_to_internet_ok, ftp_passive, ftpstats_period, ftpstats_size, getcwd, halt_on_failure, histfile, histsize, inactivity_timeout, index_expire, inhibit_startup_message, keep_source_where, load_module_verbosity, makepl_arg, make_arg, make_install_arg, make_install_make_command, mbuildpl_arg, mbuild_arg, mbuild_install_arg, mbuild_install_build_command, pager, prefer_installer, prefs_dir, prerequisites_policy, randomize_urllist, recommends_policy, scan_cache, shell, show_unparsable_versions, show_upload_date, show_zero_versions, suggests_policy, tar_verbosity, term_is_latin, term_ornaments, test_report, perl5lib_verbosity, prefer_external_tar, trust_test_report_history, use_prompt_default, use_sqlite, version_timeout, yaml_load_code, yaml_module

LICENSE
 

CPAN::HandleConfig - internal configuration handling for CPAN.pm

CLASS->safe_quote ITEM
LICENSE
 

CPAN::Kwalify - Interface between CPAN.pm and Kwalify.pm

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
_validate($schema_name, $data, $file, $doc), yaml($schema_name)
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta - the distribution metadata for a CPAN dist

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
create
load_file
load_yaml_string
load_json_string
load_string
save
meta_spec_version
effective_prereqs
should_index_file
should_index_package
features
feature
as_struct
as_string
STRING DATA
LIST DATA
MAP DATA
CUSTOM DATA
BUGS
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code
AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::Converter - Convert CPAN distribution metadata structures

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
convert
upgrade_fragment
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::Feature - an optional feature provided by a CPAN distribution

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
identifier
description
prereqs
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::History - history of CPAN Meta Spec changes

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
Version 2
Version 1.4
Version 1.3
Version 1.2
Version 1.1
Version 1.0
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_0 - Version 1.0 metadata specification for META.yml

PREFACE
DESCRIPTION
Format
Fields
name, version, license, perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted, restrictive, distribution_type, requires, recommends, build_requires, conflicts, dynamic_config, generated_by
Related Projects
DOAP
History
 

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_1 - Version 1.1 metadata specification for META.yml

PREFACE
DESCRIPTION
Format
Fields
name, version, license, perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted, restrictive, license_uri, distribution_type, private, requires, recommends, build_requires, conflicts, dynamic_config, generated_by
Ingy's suggestions
short_description, description, maturity, author_id, owner_id, categorization, keyword, chapter_id, URL for further information, namespaces
History
 

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_2 - Version 1.2 metadata specification for META.yml

PREFACE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT
TERMINOLOGY
distribution, module
VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
HEADER
FIELDS
meta-spec
name
version
abstract
author
license
perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted, restrictive
distribution_type
requires
recommends
build_requires
conflicts
dynamic_config
private
provides
no_index
keywords
resources
homepage, license, bugtracker
generated_by
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November 16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005, August 23, 2005
 

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_3 - Version 1.3 metadata specification for META.yml

PREFACE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT
Module::Build design plans, Not keen on YAML, META Concerns
TERMINOLOGY
distribution, module
HEADER
FIELDS
meta-spec
name
version
abstract
author
license
apache, artistic, bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source, perl, restrictive, unrestricted
distribution_type
requires
recommends
build_requires
conflicts
dynamic_config
private
provides
no_index
keywords
resources
homepage, license, bugtracker
generated_by
VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November 16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005, August 23, 2005
 

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_4 - Version 1.4 metadata specification for META.yml

PREFACE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT
Module::Build design plans, Not keen on YAML, META Concerns
TERMINOLOGY
distribution, module
HEADER
FIELDS
meta-spec
name
version
abstract
author
license
apache, artistic, bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source, perl, restrictive, unrestricted
distribution_type
requires
recommends
build_requires
configure_requires
conflicts
dynamic_config
private
provides
no_index
keywords
resources
homepage, license, bugtracker
generated_by
VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November 16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005, August 23, 2005, June 12, 2007
 

CPAN::Meta::Merge - Merging CPAN Meta fragments

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
merge(@fragments)
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::Prereqs - a set of distribution prerequisites by phase and type

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
requirements_for
with_merged_prereqs
merged_requirements
as_string_hash
is_finalized
finalize
clone
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::Requirements - a set of version requirements for a CPAN dist

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
add_minimum
add_maximum
add_exclusion
exact_version
add_requirements
accepts_module
clear_requirement
requirements_for_module
structured_requirements_for_module
required_modules
clone
is_simple
is_finalized
finalize
as_string_hash
add_string_requirement
>= 1.3, <= 1.3, != 1.3, > 1.3, < 1.3, >= 1.3, != 1.5, <= 2.0
from_string_hash
SUPPORT
Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code
AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::Spec - specification for CPAN distribution metadata

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
TERMINOLOGY
distribution, module, package, consumer, producer, must, should, may, etc
DATA TYPES
Boolean
String
List
Map
License String
URL
Version
Version Range
STRUCTURE
REQUIRED FIELDS
version, url, stable, testing, unstable
OPTIONAL FIELDS
file, directory, package, namespace, description, prereqs, file, version, homepage, license, bugtracker, repository
DEPRECATED FIELDS
VERSION NUMBERS
Version Formats
Decimal versions, Dotted-integer versions
Version Ranges
PREREQUISITES
Prereq Spec
configure, build, test, runtime, develop, requires, recommends, suggests, conflicts
Merging and Resolving Prerequisites
SERIALIZATION
NOTES FOR IMPLEMENTORS
Extracting Version Numbers from Perl Modules
Comparing Version Numbers
Prerequisites for dynamically configured distributions
Indexing distributions a la PAUSE
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::Validator - validate CPAN distribution metadata structures

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
is_valid
errors
Check Methods
Validator Methods
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

CPAN::Meta::YAML - Read and write a subset of YAML for CPAN Meta files

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

new( LOCAL_FILE_NAME )

continents()

countries( [CONTINENTS] )

mirrors( [COUNTRIES] )

get_mirrors_by_countries( [COUNTRIES] )

get_mirrors_by_continents( [CONTINENTS] )

get_countries_by_continents( [CONTINENTS] )

default_mirror

best_mirrors

get_n_random_mirrors_by_continents( N, [CONTINENTS] )

get_mirrors_timings( MIRROR_LIST, SEEN, CALLBACK );

find_best_continents( HASH_REF );

AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

CPAN::Nox - Wrapper around CPAN.pm without using any XS module

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

CPAN::Plugin - Base class for CPAN shell extensions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Alpha Status
How Plugins work?
METHODS
plugin_requires
distribution_object
distribution
distribution_info
build_dir
is_xs
AUTHOR
 

CPAN::Plugin::Specfile - Proof of concept implementation of a trivial CPAN::Plugin

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
AUTHOR
 

CPAN::Queue - internal queue support for CPAN.pm

LICENSE
 

CPAN::Tarzip - internal handling of tar archives for CPAN.pm

LICENSE
 

CPAN::Version - utility functions to compare CPAN versions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LICENSE
 

Carp - alternative warn and die for modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Forcing a Stack Trace
Stack Trace formatting
GLOBAL VARIABLES
$Carp::MaxEvalLen
$Carp::MaxArgLen
$Carp::MaxArgNums
$Carp::Verbose
$Carp::RefArgFormatter
@CARP_NOT
%Carp::Internal
%Carp::CarpInternal
$Carp::CarpLevel
BUGS
SEE ALSO
CONTRIBUTING
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE
 

Class::Struct - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl classes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
The struct() function
Class Creation at Compile Time
Element Types and Accessor Methods
Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%' or '*%'), Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')
Initializing with new
EXAMPLES
Example 1, Example 2, Example 3
Author and Modification History
 

Compress::Raw::Bzip2 - Low-Level Interface to bzip2 compression library

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Compression
($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bzip2 $appendOutput, $blockSize100k, $workfactor;
$appendOutput, $blockSize100k, $workfactor
$status = $bz->bzdeflate($input, $output);
$status = $bz->bzflush($output);
$status = $bz->bzclose($output);
Example
Uncompression
($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bunzip2 $appendOutput, $consumeInput, $small, $verbosity, $limitOutput;
$appendOutput, $consumeInput, $small, $limitOutput, $verbosity
$status = $z->bzinflate($input, $output);
Misc
my $version = Compress::Raw::Bzip2::bzlibversion();
Constants
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Compress::Raw::Zlib - Low-Level Interface to zlib compression library

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate
($d, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate( [OPT] )
-Level, -Method, -WindowBits, -MemLevel, -Strategy, -Dictionary, -Bufsize, -AppendOutput, -CRC32, -ADLER32
$status = $d->deflate($input, $output)
$status = $d->flush($output [, $flush_type])
$status = $d->deflateReset()
$status = $d->deflateParams([OPT])
-Level, -Strategy, -BufSize
$status = $d->deflateTune($good_length, $max_lazy, $nice_length, $max_chain)
$d->dict_adler()
$d->crc32()
$d->adler32()
$d->msg()
$d->total_in()
$d->total_out()
$d->get_Strategy()
$d->get_Level()
$d->get_BufSize()
Example
Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate
($i, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate( [OPT] )
-WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary, -AppendOutput, -CRC32, -ADLER32, -ConsumeInput, -LimitOutput
$status = $i->inflate($input, $output [,$eof])
$status = $i->inflateSync($input)
$status = $i->inflateReset()
$i->dict_adler()
$i->crc32()
$i->adler32()
$i->msg()
$i->total_in()
$i->total_out()
$d->get_BufSize()
Examples
CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
Misc
my $version = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlib_version();
my $flags = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlibCompileFlags();
The LimitOutput option.
ACCESSING ZIP FILES
FAQ
Compatibility with Unix compress/uncompress.
Accessing .tar.Z files
Zlib Library Version Support
CONSTANTS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Compress::Zlib - Interface to zlib compression library

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Notes for users of Compress::Zlib version 1
GZIP INTERFACE
$gz = gzopen($filename, $mode), $gz = gzopen($filehandle, $mode), $bytesread = $gz->gzread($buffer [, $size]) ;, $bytesread = $gz->gzreadline($line) ;, $byteswritten = $gz->gzwrite($buffer) ;, $status = $gz->gzflush($flush_type) ;, $offset = $gz->gztell() ;, $status = $gz->gzseek($offset, $whence) ;, $gz->gzclose, $gz->gzsetparams($level, $strategy, $level, $strategy, $gz->gzerror, $gzerrno
Examples
Compress::Zlib::memGzip
Compress::Zlib::memGunzip
COMPRESS/UNCOMPRESS
$dest = compress($source [, $level] ) ;, $dest = uncompress($source) ;
Deflate Interface
($d, $status) = deflateInit( [OPT] )
-Level, -Method, -WindowBits, -MemLevel, -Strategy, -Dictionary, -Bufsize
($out, $status) = $d->deflate($buffer)
($out, $status) = $d->flush() =head2 ($out, $status) = $d->flush($flush_type)
$status = $d->deflateParams([OPT])
-Level, -Strategy
$d->dict_adler()
$d->msg()
$d->total_in()
$d->total_out()
Example
Inflate Interface
($i, $status) = inflateInit()
-WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary
($out, $status) = $i->inflate($buffer)
$status = $i->inflateSync($buffer)
$i->dict_adler()
$i->msg()
$i->total_in()
$i->total_out()
Example
CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
Misc
my $version = Compress::Zlib::zlib_version();
CONSTANTS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Config - access Perl configuration information

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
myconfig(), config_sh(), config_re($regex), config_vars(@names), bincompat_options(), non_bincompat_options(), compile_date(), local_patches(), header_files()
EXAMPLE
WARNING
GLOSSARY
_

"_a", "_exe", "_o"

a

"afs", "afsroot", "alignbytes", "ansi2knr", "aphostname", "api_revision", "api_subversion", "api_version", "api_versionstring", "ar", "archlib", "archlibexp", "archname", "archname64", "archobjs", "asctime_r_proto", "awk"

b

"baserev", "bash", "bin", "bin_ELF", "binexp", "bison", "byacc", "byteorder"

c

"c", "castflags", "cat", "cc", "cccdlflags", "ccdlflags", "ccflags", "ccflags_uselargefiles", "ccname", "ccsymbols", "ccversion", "cf_by", "cf_email", "cf_time", "charbits", "charsize", "chgrp", "chmod", "chown", "clocktype", "comm", "compress", "config_arg0", "config_argc", "config_args", "contains", "cp", "cpio", "cpp", "cpp_stuff", "cppccsymbols", "cppflags", "cpplast", "cppminus", "cpprun", "cppstdin", "cppsymbols", "crypt_r_proto", "cryptlib", "csh", "ctermid_r_proto", "ctime_r_proto"

d

"d__fwalk", "d_access", "d_accessx", "d_acosh", "d_aintl", "d_alarm", "d_archlib", "d_asctime64", "d_asctime_r", "d_asinh", "d_atanh", "d_atolf", "d_atoll", "d_attribute_deprecated", "d_attribute_format", "d_attribute_malloc", "d_attribute_nonnull", "d_attribute_noreturn", "d_attribute_pure", "d_attribute_unused", "d_attribute_warn_unused_result", "d_backtrace", "d_bcmp", "d_bcopy", "d_bsd", "d_bsdgetpgrp", "d_bsdsetpgrp", "d_builtin_choose_expr", "d_builtin_expect", "d_bzero", "d_c99_variadic_macros", "d_casti32", "d_castneg", "d_cbrt", "d_charvspr", "d_chown", "d_chroot", "d_chsize", "d_class", "d_clearenv", "d_closedir", "d_cmsghdr_s", "d_const", "d_copysign", "d_copysignl", "d_cplusplus", "d_crypt", "d_crypt_r", "d_csh", "d_ctermid", "d_ctermid_r", "d_ctime64", "d_ctime_r", "d_cuserid", "d_dbl_dig", "d_dbminitproto", "d_difftime", "d_difftime64", "d_dir_dd_fd", "d_dirfd", "d_dirnamlen", "d_dladdr", "d_dlerror", "d_dlopen", "d_dlsymun", "d_dosuid", "d_drand48_r", "d_drand48proto", "d_dup2", "d_duplocale", "d_eaccess", "d_endgrent", "d_endgrent_r", "d_endhent", "d_endhostent_r", "d_endnent", "d_endnetent_r", "d_endpent", "d_endprotoent_r", "d_endpwent", "d_endpwent_r", "d_endsent", "d_endservent_r", "d_eofnblk", "d_erf", "d_erfc", "d_eunice", "d_exp2", "d_expm1", "d_faststdio", "d_fchdir", "d_fchmod", "d_fchown", "d_fcntl", "d_fcntl_can_lock", "d_fd_macros", "d_fd_set", "d_fdclose", "d_fdim", "d_fds_bits", "d_fegetround", "d_fgetpos", "d_finite", "d_finitel", "d_flexfnam", "d_flock", "d_flockproto", "d_fma", "d_fmax", "d_fmin", "d_fork", "d_fp_class", "d_fp_classify", "d_fp_classl", "d_fpathconf", "d_fpclass", "d_fpclassify", "d_fpclassl", "d_fpgetround", "d_fpos64_t", "d_freelocale", "d_frexpl", "d_fs_data_s", "d_fseeko", "d_fsetpos", "d_fstatfs", "d_fstatvfs", "d_fsync", "d_ftello", "d_ftime", "d_futimes", "d_Gconvert", "d_gdbm_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_gdbmndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_getaddrinfo", "d_getcwd", "d_getespwnam", "d_getfsstat", "d_getgrent", "d_getgrent_r", "d_getgrgid_r", "d_getgrnam_r", "d_getgrps", "d_gethbyaddr", "d_gethbyname", "d_gethent", "d_gethname", "d_gethostbyaddr_r", "d_gethostbyname_r", "d_gethostent_r", "d_gethostprotos", "d_getitimer", "d_getlogin", "d_getlogin_r", "d_getmnt", "d_getmntent", "d_getnameinfo", "d_getnbyaddr", "d_getnbyname", "d_getnent", "d_getnetbyaddr_r", "d_getnetbyname_r", "d_getnetent_r", "d_getnetprotos", "d_getpagsz", "d_getpbyname", "d_getpbynumber", "d_getpent", "d_getpgid", "d_getpgrp", "d_getpgrp2", "d_getppid", "d_getprior", "d_getprotobyname_r", "d_getprotobynumber_r", "d_getprotoent_r", "d_getprotoprotos", "d_getprpwnam", "d_getpwent", "d_getpwent_r", "d_getpwnam_r", "d_getpwuid_r", "d_getsbyname", "d_getsbyport", "d_getsent", "d_getservbyname_r", "d_getservbyport_r", "d_getservent_r", "d_getservprotos", "d_getspnam", "d_getspnam_r", "d_gettimeod", "d_gmtime64", "d_gmtime_r", "d_gnulibc", "d_grpasswd", "d_hasmntopt", "d_htonl", "d_hypot", "d_ilogb", "d_ilogbl", "d_inc_version_list", "d_index", "d_inetaton", "d_inetntop", "d_inetpton", "d_int64_t", "d_ip_mreq", "d_ip_mreq_source", "d_ipv6_mreq", "d_ipv6_mreq_source", "d_isascii", "d_isblank", "d_isfinite", "d_isfinitel", "d_isinf", "d_isinfl", "d_isless", "d_isnan", "d_isnanl", "d_isnormal", "d_j0", "d_j0l", "d_killpg", "d_lc_monetary_2008", "d_lchown", "d_ldbl_dig", "d_ldexpl", "d_lgamma", "d_lgamma_r", "d_libm_lib_version", "d_libname_unique", "d_link", "d_llrint", "d_llrintl", "d_llround", "d_llroundl", "d_localtime64", "d_localtime_r", "d_localtime_r_needs_tzset", "d_locconv", "d_lockf", "d_log1p", "d_log2", "d_logb", "d_longdbl", "d_longlong", "d_lrint", "d_lrintl", "d_lround", "d_lroundl", "d_lseekproto", "d_lstat", "d_madvise", "d_malloc_good_size", "d_malloc_size", "d_mblen", "d_mbstowcs", "d_mbtowc", "d_memchr", "d_memcmp", "d_memcpy", "d_memmem", "d_memmove", "d_memset", "d_mkdir", "d_mkdtemp", "d_mkfifo", "d_mkstemp", "d_mkstemps", "d_mktime", "d_mktime64", "d_mmap", "d_modfl", "d_modflproto", "d_mprotect", "d_msg", "d_msg_ctrunc", "d_msg_dontroute", "d_msg_oob", "d_msg_peek", "d_msg_proxy", "d_msgctl", "d_msgget", "d_msghdr_s", "d_msgrcv", "d_msgsnd", "d_msync", "d_munmap", "d_mymalloc", "d_nan", "d_ndbm", "d_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_nearbyint", "d_newlocale", "d_nextafter", "d_nexttoward", "d_nice", "d_nl_langinfo", "d_nv_preserves_uv", "d_nv_zero_is_allbits_zero", "d_off64_t", "d_old_pthread_create_joinable", "d_oldpthreads", "d_oldsock", "d_open3", "d_pathconf", "d_pause", "d_perl_otherlibdirs", "d_phostname", "d_pipe", "d_poll", "d_portable", "d_prctl", "d_prctl_set_name", "d_PRId64", "d_PRIeldbl", "d_PRIEUldbl", "d_PRIfldbl", "d_PRIFUldbl", "d_PRIgldbl", "d_PRIGUldbl", "d_PRIi64", "d_printf_format_null", "d_PRIo64", "d_PRIu64", "d_PRIx64", "d_PRIXU64", "d_procselfexe", "d_pseudofork", "d_pthread_atfork", "d_pthread_attr_setscope", "d_pthread_yield", "d_ptrdiff_t", "d_pwage", "d_pwchange", "d_pwclass", "d_pwcomment", "d_pwexpire", "d_pwgecos", "d_pwpasswd", "d_pwquota", "d_qgcvt", "d_quad", "d_random_r", "d_re_comp", "d_readdir", "d_readdir64_r", "d_readdir_r", "d_readlink", "d_readv", "d_recvmsg", "d_regcmp", "d_regcomp", "d_remainder", "d_remquo", "d_rename", "d_rewinddir", "d_rint", "d_rmdir", "d_round", "d_safebcpy", "d_safemcpy", "d_sanemcmp", "d_sbrkproto", "d_scalbn", "d_scalbnl", "d_sched_yield", "d_scm_rights", "d_SCNfldbl", "d_seekdir", "d_select", "d_sem", "d_semctl", "d_semctl_semid_ds", "d_semctl_semun", "d_semget", "d_semop", "d_sendmsg", "d_setegid", "d_seteuid", "d_setgrent", "d_setgrent_r", "d_setgrps", "d_sethent", "d_sethostent_r", "d_setitimer", "d_setlinebuf", "d_setlocale", "d_setlocale_r", "d_setnent", "d_setnetent_r", "d_setpent", "d_setpgid", "d_setpgrp", "d_setpgrp2", "d_setprior", "d_setproctitle", "d_setprotoent_r", "d_setpwent", "d_setpwent_r", "d_setregid", "d_setresgid", "d_setresuid", "d_setreuid", "d_setrgid", "d_setruid", "d_setsent", "d_setservent_r", "d_setsid", "d_setvbuf", "d_shm", "d_shmat", "d_shmatprototype", "d_shmctl", "d_shmdt", "d_shmget", "d_sigaction", "d_siginfo_si_addr", "d_siginfo_si_band", "d_siginfo_si_errno", "d_siginfo_si_fd", "d_siginfo_si_pid", "d_siginfo_si_status", "d_siginfo_si_uid", "d_siginfo_si_value", "d_signbit", "d_sigprocmask", "d_sigsetjmp", "d_sin6_scope_id", "d_sitearch", "d_snprintf", "d_sockaddr_in6", "d_sockaddr_sa_len", "d_sockatmark", "d_sockatmarkproto", "d_socket", "d_socklen_t", "d_sockpair", "d_socks5_init", "d_sprintf_returns_strlen", "d_sqrtl", "d_srand48_r", "d_srandom_r", "d_sresgproto", "d_sresuproto", "d_stat", "d_statblks", "d_statfs_f_flags", "d_statfs_s", "d_static_inline", "d_statvfs", "d_stdio_cnt_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_nochange_cnt", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_sets_cnt", "d_stdio_stream_array", "d_stdiobase", "d_stdstdio", "d_strchr", "d_strcoll", "d_strctcpy", "d_strerrm", "d_strerror", "d_strerror_r", "d_strftime", "d_strlcat", "d_strlcpy", "d_strtod", "d_strtol", "d_strtold", "d_strtoll", "d_strtoq", "d_strtoul", "d_strtoull", "d_strtouq", "d_strxfrm", "d_suidsafe", "d_symlink", "d_syscall", "d_syscallproto", "d_sysconf", "d_sysernlst", "d_syserrlst", "d_system", "d_tcgetpgrp", "d_tcsetpgrp", "d_telldir", "d_telldirproto", "d_tgamma", "d_time", "d_timegm", "d_times", "d_tm_tm_gmtoff", "d_tm_tm_zone", "d_tmpnam_r", "d_trunc", "d_truncate", "d_truncl", "d_ttyname_r", "d_tzname", "d_u32align", "d_ualarm", "d_umask", "d_uname", "d_union_semun", "d_unordered", "d_unsetenv", "d_uselocale", "d_usleep", "d_usleepproto", "d_ustat", "d_vendorarch", "d_vendorbin", "d_vendorlib", "d_vendorscript", "d_vfork", "d_void_closedir", "d_voidsig", "d_voidtty", "d_volatile", "d_vprintf", "d_vsnprintf", "d_wait4", "d_waitpid", "d_wcscmp", "d_wcstombs", "d_wcsxfrm", "d_wctomb", "d_writev", "d_xenix", "date", "db_hashtype", "db_prefixtype", "db_version_major", "db_version_minor", "db_version_patch", "direntrytype", "dlext", "dlsrc", "doubleinfbytes", "doublekind", "doublemantbits", "doublenanbytes", "doublesize", "drand01", "drand48_r_proto", "dtrace", "dtraceobject", "dynamic_ext"

e

"eagain", "ebcdic", "echo", "egrep", "emacs", "endgrent_r_proto", "endhostent_r_proto", "endnetent_r_proto", "endprotoent_r_proto", "endpwent_r_proto", "endservent_r_proto", "eunicefix", "exe_ext", "expr", "extensions", "extern_C", "extras"

f

"fflushall", "fflushNULL", "find", "firstmakefile", "flex", "fpossize", "fpostype", "freetype", "from", "full_ar", "full_csh", "full_sed"

g

"gccansipedantic", "gccosandvers", "gccversion", "getgrent_r_proto", "getgrgid_r_proto", "getgrnam_r_proto", "gethostbyaddr_r_proto", "gethostbyname_r_proto", "gethostent_r_proto", "getlogin_r_proto", "getnetbyaddr_r_proto", "getnetbyname_r_proto", "getnetent_r_proto", "getprotobyname_r_proto", "getprotobynumber_r_proto", "getprotoent_r_proto", "getpwent_r_proto", "getpwnam_r_proto", "getpwuid_r_proto", "getservbyname_r_proto", "getservbyport_r_proto", "getservent_r_proto", "getspnam_r_proto", "gidformat", "gidsign", "gidsize", "gidtype", "glibpth", "gmake", "gmtime_r_proto", "gnulibc_version", "grep", "groupcat", "groupstype", "gzip"

h

"h_fcntl", "h_sysfile", "hint", "hostcat", "hostgenerate", "hostosname", "hostperl", "html1dir", "html1direxp", "html3dir", "html3direxp"

i

"i16size", "i16type", "i32size", "i32type", "i64size", "i64type", "i8size", "i8type", "i_arpainet", "i_assert", "i_bfd", "i_bsdioctl", "i_crypt", "i_db", "i_dbm", "i_dirent", "i_dlfcn", "i_execinfo", "i_fcntl", "i_fenv", "i_float", "i_fp", "i_fp_class", "i_gdbm", "i_gdbm_ndbm", "i_gdbmndbm", "i_grp", "i_ieeefp", "i_inttypes", "i_langinfo", "i_libutil", "i_limits", "i_locale", "i_machcthr", "i_malloc", "i_mallocmalloc", "i_math", "i_memory", "i_mntent", "i_ndbm", "i_netdb", "i_neterrno", "i_netinettcp", "i_niin", "i_poll", "i_prot", "i_pthread", "i_pwd", "i_quadmath", "i_rpcsvcdbm", "i_sgtty", "i_shadow", "i_socks", "i_stdarg", "i_stdbool", "i_stddef", "i_stdint", "i_stdlib", "i_string", "i_sunmath", "i_sysaccess", "i_sysdir", "i_sysfile", "i_sysfilio", "i_sysin", "i_sysioctl", "i_syslog", "i_sysmman", "i_sysmode", "i_sysmount", "i_sysndir", "i_sysparam", "i_syspoll", "i_sysresrc", "i_syssecrt", "i_sysselct", "i_syssockio", "i_sysstat", "i_sysstatfs", "i_sysstatvfs", "i_systime", "i_systimek", "i_systimes", "i_systypes", "i_sysuio", "i_sysun", "i_sysutsname", "i_sysvfs", "i_syswait", "i_termio", "i_termios", "i_time", "i_unistd", "i_ustat", "i_utime", "i_values", "i_varargs", "i_varhdr", "i_vfork", "i_xlocale", "ignore_versioned_solibs", "inc_version_list", "inc_version_list_init", "incpath", "incpth", "inews", "initialinstalllocation", "installarchlib", "installbin", "installhtml1dir", "installhtml3dir", "installman1dir", "installman3dir", "installprefix", "installprefixexp", "installprivlib", "installscript", "installsitearch", "installsitebin", "installsitehtml1dir", "installsitehtml3dir", "installsitelib", "installsiteman1dir", "installsiteman3dir", "installsitescript", "installstyle", "installusrbinperl", "installvendorarch", "installvendorbin", "installvendorhtml1dir", "installvendorhtml3dir", "installvendorlib", "installvendorman1dir", "installvendorman3dir", "installvendorscript", "intsize", "issymlink", "ivdformat", "ivsize", "ivtype"

k

"known_extensions", "ksh"

l

"ld", "ld_can_script", "lddlflags", "ldflags", "ldflags_uselargefiles", "ldlibpthname", "less", "lib_ext", "libc", "libperl", "libpth", "libs", "libsdirs", "libsfiles", "libsfound", "libspath", "libswanted", "libswanted_uselargefiles", "line", "lint", "lkflags", "ln", "lns", "localtime_r_proto", "locincpth", "loclibpth", "longdblinfbytes", "longdblkind", "longdblmantbits", "longdblnanbytes", "longdblsize", "longlongsize", "longsize", "lp", "lpr", "ls", "lseeksize", "lseektype"

m

"mail", "mailx", "make", "make_set_make", "mallocobj", "mallocsrc", "malloctype", "man1dir", "man1direxp", "man1ext", "man3dir", "man3direxp", "man3ext", "mips_type", "mistrustnm", "mkdir", "mmaptype", "modetype", "more", "multiarch", "mv", "myarchname", "mydomain", "myhostname", "myuname"

n

"n", "need_va_copy", "netdb_hlen_type", "netdb_host_type", "netdb_name_type", "netdb_net_type", "nm", "nm_opt", "nm_so_opt", "nonxs_ext", "nroff", "nv_overflows_integers_at", "nv_preserves_uv_bits", "nveformat", "nvEUformat", "nvfformat", "nvFUformat", "nvgformat", "nvGUformat", "nvmantbits", "nvsize", "nvtype"

o

"o_nonblock", "obj_ext", "old_pthread_create_joinable", "optimize", "orderlib", "osname", "osvers", "otherlibdirs"

p

"package", "pager", "passcat", "patchlevel", "path_sep", "perl", "perl5"

P

"PERL_API_REVISION", "PERL_API_SUBVERSION", "PERL_API_VERSION", "PERL_CONFIG_SH", "PERL_PATCHLEVEL", "perl_patchlevel", "PERL_REVISION", "perl_static_inline", "PERL_SUBVERSION", "PERL_VERSION", "perladmin", "perllibs", "perlpath", "pg", "phostname", "pidtype", "plibpth", "pmake", "pr", "prefix", "prefixexp", "privlib", "privlibexp", "procselfexe", "prototype", "ptrsize"

q

"quadkind", "quadtype"

r

"randbits", "randfunc", "random_r_proto", "randseedtype", "ranlib", "rd_nodata", "readdir64_r_proto", "readdir_r_proto", "revision", "rm", "rm_try", "rmail", "run", "runnm"

s

"sched_yield", "scriptdir", "scriptdirexp", "sed", "seedfunc", "selectminbits", "selecttype", "sendmail", "setgrent_r_proto", "sethostent_r_proto", "setlocale_r_proto", "setnetent_r_proto", "setprotoent_r_proto", "setpwent_r_proto", "setservent_r_proto", "sGMTIME_max", "sGMTIME_min", "sh", "shar", "sharpbang", "shmattype", "shortsize", "shrpenv", "shsharp", "sig_count", "sig_name", "sig_name_init", "sig_num", "sig_num_init", "sig_size", "signal_t", "sitearch", "sitearchexp", "sitebin", "sitebinexp", "sitehtml1dir", "sitehtml1direxp", "sitehtml3dir", "sitehtml3direxp", "sitelib", "sitelib_stem", "sitelibexp", "siteman1dir", "siteman1direxp", "siteman3dir", "siteman3direxp", "siteprefix", "siteprefixexp", "sitescript", "sitescriptexp", "sizesize", "sizetype", "sleep", "sLOCALTIME_max", "sLOCALTIME_min", "smail", "so", "sockethdr", "socketlib", "socksizetype", "sort", "spackage", "spitshell", "sPRId64", "sPRIeldbl", "sPRIEUldbl", "sPRIfldbl", "sPRIFUldbl", "sPRIgldbl", "sPRIGUldbl", "sPRIi64", "sPRIo64", "sPRIu64", "sPRIx64", "sPRIXU64", "srand48_r_proto", "srandom_r_proto", "src", "sSCNfldbl", "ssizetype", "st_ino_sign", "st_ino_size", "startperl", "startsh", "static_ext", "stdchar", "stdio_base", "stdio_bufsiz", "stdio_cnt", "stdio_filbuf", "stdio_ptr", "stdio_stream_array", "strerror_r_proto", "strings", "submit", "subversion", "sysman", "sysroot"

t

"tail", "tar", "targetarch", "targetdir", "targetenv", "targethost", "targetmkdir", "targetport", "targetsh", "tbl", "tee", "test", "timeincl", "timetype", "tmpnam_r_proto", "to", "touch", "tr", "trnl", "troff", "ttyname_r_proto"

u

"u16size", "u16type", "u32size", "u32type", "u64size", "u64type", "u8size", "u8type", "uidformat", "uidsign", "uidsize", "uidtype", "uname", "uniq", "uquadtype", "use5005threads", "use64bitall", "use64bitint", "usecbacktrace", "usecrosscompile", "usedevel", "usedl", "usedtrace", "usefaststdio", "useithreads", "usekernprocpathname", "uselargefiles", "uselongdouble", "usemallocwrap", "usemorebits", "usemultiplicity", "usemymalloc", "usenm", "usensgetexecutablepath", "useopcode", "useperlio", "useposix", "usequadmath", "usereentrant", "userelocatableinc", "useshrplib", "usesitecustomize", "usesocks", "usethreads", "usevendorprefix", "useversionedarchname", "usevfork", "usrinc", "uuname", "uvoformat", "uvsize", "uvtype", "uvuformat", "uvxformat", "uvXUformat"

v

"vaproto", "vendorarch", "vendorarchexp", "vendorbin", "vendorbinexp", "vendorhtml1dir", "vendorhtml1direxp", "vendorhtml3dir", "vendorhtml3direxp", "vendorlib", "vendorlib_stem", "vendorlibexp", "vendorman1dir", "vendorman1direxp", "vendorman3dir", "vendorman3direxp", "vendorprefix", "vendorprefixexp", "vendorscript", "vendorscriptexp", "version", "version_patchlevel_string", "versiononly", "vi"

x

"xlibpth"

y

"yacc", "yaccflags"

z

"zcat", "zip"

GIT DATA
NOTE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
dynamic, nonxs, static
AUTHOR
 

Config::Perl::V - Structured data retrieval of perl -V output

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$conf = myconfig ()
$conf = plv2hash ($text [, ...])
$info = summary ([$conf])
$md5 = signature ([$conf])
The hash structure
build, osname, stamp, options, derived, patches, environment, config, inc
REASONING
BUGS
TODO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Cwd - get pathname of current working directory

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
getcwd and friends
getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd, getdcwd
abs_path and friends
abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path
$ENV{PWD}
NOTES
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

DB - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Global Variables
 $DB::sub,  %DB::sub,  $DB::single,  $DB::signal,  $DB::trace,  @DB::args, 
@DB::dbline,  %DB::dbline,  $DB::package,  $DB::filename,  $DB::subname, 
$DB::lineno

API Methods
CLIENT->register(), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->skippkg('D::hide'), CLIENT->run(), CLIENT->step(), CLIENT->next(), CLIENT->done()
Client Callback Methods
CLIENT->init(), CLIENT->prestop([STRING]), CLIENT->stop(), CLIENT->idle(), CLIENT->poststop([STRING]), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->cleanup(), CLIENT->output(LIST)
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

DBM_Filter --- Filter DBM keys/values

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
What is a DBM Filter?
So what's new?
METHODS
$db->Filter_Push() / $db->Filter_Key_Push() / $db->Filter_Value_Push()
Filter_Push, Filter_Key_Push, Filter_Value_Push
$db->Filter_Pop()
$db->Filtered()
Writing a Filter
Immediate Filters
Canned Filters
``name'', params
Filters Included
utf8, encode, compress, int32, null
NOTES
Maintain Round Trip Integrity
Don't mix filtered & non-filtered data in the same database file.
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

DBM_Filter::compress - filter for DBM_Filter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

DBM_Filter::encode - filter for DBM_Filter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

DBM_Filter::int32 - filter for DBM_Filter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

DBM_Filter::null - filter for DBM_Filter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

DBM_Filter::utf8 - filter for DBM_Filter

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

DB_File - Perl5 access to Berkeley DB version 1.x

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DB_HASH, DB_BTREE, DB_RECNO
Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
Interface to Berkeley DB
Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
Default Parameters
In Memory Databases
DB_HASH
A Simple Example
DB_BTREE
Changing the BTREE sort order
Handling Duplicate Keys
The get_dup() Method
The find_dup() Method
The del_dup() Method
Matching Partial Keys
DB_RECNO
The 'bval' Option
A Simple Example
Extra RECNO Methods
$X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift, $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length, $X->splice(offset, length, elements);
Another Example
THE API INTERFACE
$status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->put($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->del($key [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status = $X->seq($key, $value, $flags) ;, $status = $X->sync([$flags]) ;
DBM FILTERS
filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value
The Filter
An Example --- the NULL termination problem.
Another Example --- Key is a C int.
HINTS AND TIPS
Locking: The Trouble with fd
Safe ways to lock a database
Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock
Sharing Databases With C Applications
The untie() Gotcha
COMMON QUESTIONS
Why is there Perl source in my database?
How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
What does Invalid Argument mean?
What does Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed mean?
REFERENCES
HISTORY
BUGS
AVAILABILITY
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

Data::Dumper - stringified perl data structures, suitable for both printing and eval

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods
PACKAGE->new(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dump or PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]), $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset
Functions
Dumper(LIST)
Configuration Variables or Methods
Exports
Dumper
EXAMPLES
BUGS
NOTE
AUTHOR
VERSION
SEE ALSO
 

Devel::PPPort - Perl/Pollution/Portability

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Why use ppport.h?
How to use ppport.h
Running ppport.h
FUNCTIONS
WriteFile
GetFileContents
COMPATIBILITY
Provided Perl compatibility API
Perl API not supported by ppport.h
perl 5.21.8, perl 5.21.7, perl 5.21.6, perl 5.21.5, perl 5.21.4, perl 5.21.2, perl 5.21.1, perl 5.19.10, perl 5.19.9, perl 5.19.7, perl 5.19.4, perl 5.19.3, perl 5.19.2, perl 5.19.1, perl 5.18.0, perl 5.17.9, perl 5.17.8, perl 5.17.7, perl 5.17.6, perl 5.17.4, perl 5.17.2, perl 5.15.9, perl 5.15.8, perl 5.15.7, perl 5.15.6, perl 5.15.4, perl 5.15.1, perl 5.14.0, perl 5.13.10, perl 5.13.8, perl 5.13.7, perl 5.13.6, perl 5.13.5, perl 5.13.3, perl 5.13.2, perl 5.13.1, perl 5.11.5, perl 5.11.4, perl 5.11.2, perl 5.11.1, perl 5.11.0, perl 5.10.1, perl 5.10.0, perl 5.9.5, perl 5.9.4, perl 5.9.3, perl 5.9.2, perl 5.9.1, perl 5.9.0, perl 5.8.3, perl 5.8.1, perl 5.8.0, perl 5.7.3, perl 5.7.2, perl 5.7.1, perl 5.6.1, perl 5.6.0, perl 5.005_03, perl 5.005, perl 5.004_05, perl 5.004, perl 5.003_07
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

Devel::Peek - A data debugging tool for the XS programmer

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Runtime debugging
Memory footprint debugging
EXAMPLES
A simple scalar string
A simple scalar number
A simple scalar with an extra reference
A reference to a simple scalar
A reference to an array
A reference to a hash
Dumping a large array or hash
A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
A reference to a subroutine
EXPORTS
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

Devel::SelfStubber - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

Digest - Modules that calculate message digests

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
binary, hex, base64
OO INTERFACE
$ctx = Digest->XXX($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new(XXX => $arg,...), $ctx = Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $other_ctx = $ctx->clone, $ctx->reset, $ctx->add( $data ), $ctx->add( $chunk1, $chunk2, ... ), $ctx->addfile( $io_handle ), $ctx->add_bits( $data, $nbits ), $ctx->add_bits( $bitstring ), $ctx->digest, $ctx->hexdigest, $ctx->b64digest
Digest speed
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

Digest::MD5 - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS
md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...), md5_base64($data,...)
METHODS
$md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->clone, $md5->add($data,...), $md5->addfile($io_handle), $md5->add_bits($data, $nbits), $md5->add_bits($bitstring), $md5->digest, $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest, @ctx = $md5->context, $md5->context(@ctx)
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHORS
 

Digest::SHA - Perl extension for SHA-1/224/256/384/512

SYNOPSIS
SYNOPSIS (HMAC-SHA)
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
UNICODE AND SIDE EFFECTS
NIST STATEMENT ON SHA-1
PADDING OF BASE64 DIGESTS
EXPORT
EXPORTABLE FUNCTIONS
sha1($data, ...), sha224($data, ...), sha256($data, ...), sha384($data, ...), sha512($data, ...), sha512224($data, ...), sha512256($data, ...), sha1_hex($data, ...), sha224_hex($data, ...), sha256_hex($data, ...), sha384_hex($data, ...), sha512_hex($data, ...), sha512224_hex($data, ...), sha512256_hex($data, ...), sha1_base64($data, ...), sha224_base64($data, ...), sha256_base64($data, ...), sha384_base64($data, ...), sha512_base64($data, ...), sha512224_base64($data, ...), sha512256_base64($data, ...), new($alg), reset($alg), hashsize, algorithm, clone, add($data, ...), add_bits($data, $nbits), add_bits($bits), addfile(*FILE), addfile($filename [, $mode]), getstate, putstate($str), dump($filename), load($filename), digest, hexdigest, b64digest, hmac_sha1($data, $key), hmac_sha224($data, $key), hmac_sha256($data, $key), hmac_sha384($data, $key), hmac_sha512($data, $key), hmac_sha512224($data, $key), hmac_sha512256($data, $key), hmac_sha1_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha224_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha256_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha384_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512224_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512256_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha1_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha224_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha256_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha384_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512224_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512256_base64($data, $key)
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Digest::base - Digest base class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

Digest::file - Calculate digests of files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
digest_file( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_hex( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_base64( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] )
SEE ALSO
 

DirHandle - supply object methods for directory handles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

Dumpvalue - provides screen dump of Perl data.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Creation
"arrayDepth", "hashDepth", "compactDump", "veryCompact", "globPrint", "dumpDBFiles", "dumpPackages", "dumpReused", "tick", "quoteHighBit", "printUndef", "usageOnly", unctrl, subdump, bareStringify, quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal
Methods
dumpValue, dumpValues, stringify, dumpvars, set_quote, set_unctrl, compactDump, veryCompact, set, get
 

DynaLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
@dl_library_path, @dl_resolve_using, @dl_require_symbols, @dl_librefs, @dl_modules, @dl_shared_objects, dl_error(), $dl_debug, $dl_dlext, dl_findfile(), dl_expandspec(), dl_load_file(), dl_unload_file(), dl_load_flags(), dl_find_symbol(), dl_find_symbol_anywhere(), dl_undef_symbols(), dl_install_xsub(), bootstrap()
AUTHOR
 

Encode - character encodings in Perl

SYNOPSIS
Table of Contents
Encode::Alias - Alias definitions to encodings, Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class, Encode::Supported - List of Supported Encodings, Encode::CN - Simplified Chinese Encodings, Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings, Encode::KR - Korean Encodings, Encode::TW - Traditional Chinese Encodings
DESCRIPTION
TERMINOLOGY
THE PERL ENCODING API
Basic methods
Listing available encodings
Defining Aliases
Finding IANA Character Set Registry names
Encoding via PerlIO
Handling Malformed Data
List of CHECK values
perlqq mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_PERLQQ), HTML charref mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_HTMLCREF), XML charref mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_XMLCREF)
coderef for CHECK
Defining Encodings
The UTF8 flag
Goal #1:, Goal #2:, Goal #3:, Goal #4:
Messing with Perl's Internals
UTF-8 vs. utf8 vs. UTF8
SEE ALSO
MAINTAINER
COPYRIGHT
 

Encode::Alias - alias definitions to encodings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:, As a code reference, e.g.:
Alias overloading
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Byte - Single Byte Encodings

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::CJKConstants --- Internally used by Encode::??::ISO_2022_*

 

Encode::CN - China-based Chinese Encodings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::CN::HZ --- internally used by Encode::CN

 

Encode::Config --- internally used by Encode

 

Encode::EBCDIC - EBCDIC Encodings

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Encoder --- Object Oriented Encoder

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
Description
Predefined Methods
$e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);, encoder(), $e->data([$data]), $e->encoding([$encoding]), $e->bytes([$encoding])
Example: base64 transcoder
Operator Overloading
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods you should implement
->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets [,$check]), ->cat_decode($destination, $octets, $offset, $terminator [,$check])
Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings
->name, ->mime_name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(), ->needs_lines()
Example: Encode::ROT13
Why the heck Encode API is different?
Compiled Encodings
SEE ALSO
Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes
 

Encode::GSM0338 --- ESTI GSM 03.38 Encoding

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Guess --- Guesses encoding from data

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
Encode::Guess->set_suspects, Encode::Guess->add_suspects, Encode::decode(``Guess'' ...), Encode::Guess->guess($data), guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])
CAVEATS
TO DO
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
Note on ISO-2022-JP(-1)?
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::JP::H2Z --- internally used by Encode::JP::2022_JP*

 

Encode::JP::JIS7 --- internally used by Encode::JP

 

Encode::KR - Korean Encodings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::KR::2022_KR --- internally used by Encode::KR

 

Encode::MIME::Header --- MIME 'B' and 'Q' header encoding

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::MIME::NAME --- internally used by Encode

SEE ALSO
 

Encode::PerlIO --- a detailed document on Encode and PerlIO

Overview
How does it work?
Line Buffering
How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Supported --- Encodings supported by Encode

DESCRIPTION
Encoding Names
Supported Encodings
Built-in Encodings
Encode::Unicode --- other Unicode encodings
Encode::Byte --- Extended ASCII
ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 - De Facto Standard for the Cyrillic world
gsm0338 - Hentai Latin 1
gsm0338 support before 2.19
CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)
Encode::CN --- Continental China, Encode::JP --- Japan, Encode::KR --- Korea, Encode::TW --- Taiwan, Encode::HanExtra --- More Chinese via CPAN, Encode::JIS2K --- JIS X 0213 encodings via CPAN
Miscellaneous encodings
Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::Guess
Unsupported encodings
  ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

Encoding vs. Charset --- terminology
Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)
Microsoft-related naming mess
KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS
Glossary
character repertoire, coded character set (CCS), character encoding scheme (CES), charset (in MIME context), EUC, ISO-2022, UCS, UCS-2, Unicode, UTF, UTF-16
See Also
References
ECMA, ECMA-035 (eq "ISO-2022"), IANA, Assigned Charset Names by IANA, ISO, RFC, UC, Unicode Glossary
Other Notable Sites
czyborra.com, CJK.inf, Jungshik Shin's Hangul FAQ, debian.org: ``Introduction to i18n''
Offline sources
"CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde
 

Encode::Symbol - Symbol Encodings

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::TW - Taiwan-based Chinese Encodings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Unicode --- Various Unicode Transformation Formats

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
<http://www.unicode.org/glossary/> says:, Quick Reference
Size, Endianness, and BOM
by size
by endianness
BOM as integer when fetched in network byte order
Surrogate Pairs
Error Checking
SEE ALSO
 

Encode::Unicode::UTF7 --- UTF-7 encoding

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
In Practice
SEE ALSO
 

English - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctuation variables

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
PERFORMANCE
 

Env - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or arrays

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LIMITATIONS
AUTHOR
 

Errno - System errno constants

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Exporter - Implements default import method for modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
How to Export
Selecting What to Export
How to Import
"use YourModule;", "use YourModule ();", "use YourModule qw(...);"
Advanced Features
Specialised Import Lists
Exporting Without Using Exporter's import Method
Exporting Without Inheriting from Exporter
Module Version Checking
Managing Unknown Symbols
Tag Handling Utility Functions
Generating Combined Tags
AUTOLOADed Constants
Good Practices
Declaring @EXPORT_OK and Friends
Playing Safe
What Not to Export
SEE ALSO
LICENSE
 

Exporter::Heavy - Exporter guts

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::CBuilder - Compile and link C code for Perl modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new, have_compiler, have_cplusplus, compile, "object_file", "include_dirs", "extra_compiler_flags", "C++", link, lib_file, module_name, extra_linker_flags, link_executable, exe_file, object_file, lib_file, exe_file, prelink, need_prelink, extra_link_args_after_prelink
TO DO
HISTORY
SUPPORT
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows - Builder class for Windows platforms

DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::Command - utilities to replace common UNIX commands in Makefiles etc.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

cat

eqtime

rm_rf

rm_f

touch

mv

cp

chmod

mkpath

test_f

test_d

dos2unix

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Command::MM - Commands for the MM's to use in Makefiles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
test_harness

pod2man

warn_if_old_packlist

perllocal_install

uninstall

test_s

cp_nonempty  

ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF
FUNCTIONS

constant_types

XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

WriteMakefileSnippet

WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME, DEFAULT_TYPE, BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, PROXYSUBS, C_FH, C_FILE, XS_FH, XS_FILE, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base class for ExtUtils::Constant objects

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE

header

memEQ_clause args_hashref

dump_names arg_hashref, ITEM..

assign arg_hashref, VALUE..

return_clause arg_hashref, ITEM

switch_clause arg_hashref, NAMELEN, ITEMHASH, ITEM..

params WHAT

dogfood arg_hashref, ITEM..

normalise_items args, default_type, seen_types, seen_items, ITEM..

C_constant arg_hashref, ITEM.., name, type, value, macro, default, pre, post, def_pre, def_post, utf8, weight

BUGS
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Constant::Utils - helper functions for ExtUtils::Constant

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
C_stringify NAME

perl_stringify NAME

AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Constant::XS - generate C code for XS modules' constants.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Embed - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C++ applications

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
@EXPORT
FUNCTIONS
xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(), ccflags(), ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(), xsi_protos(@modules), xsi_body(@modules)
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Install - install files from here to there

SYNOPSIS
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
_chmod($$;$), _warnonce(@), _choke(@)

_move_file_at_boot( $file, $target, $moan )

_unlink_or_rename( $file, $tryhard, $installing )

Functions
_get_install_skip

_have_write_access

_can_write_dir($dir)

_mkpath($dir,$show,$verbose,$dry_run)

_copy($from,$to,$verbose,$dry_run)

_chdir($from)

install

_do_cleanup

install_rooted_file( $file ), install_rooted_dir( $dir )

forceunlink( $file, $tryhard )

directory_not_empty( $dir )

install_default DISCOURAGED

uninstall

inc_uninstall($filepath,$libdir,$verbose,$dry_run,$ignore,$results)

run_filter($cmd,$src,$dest)

pm_to_blib

_autosplit

_invokant

ENVIRONMENT
PERL_INSTALL_ROOT, EU_INSTALL_IGNORE_SKIP, EU_INSTALL_SITE_SKIPFILE, EU_INSTALL_ALWAYS_COPY
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::Installed - Inventory management of installed modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
METHODS
new(), modules(), files(), directories(), directory_tree(), validate(), packlist(), version()
EXAMPLE
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::Liblist - determine libraries to use and how to use them

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
For static extensions, For dynamic extensions at build/link time, For dynamic extensions at load time
EXTRALIBS
LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH
BSLOADLIBS
PORTABILITY
VMS implementation
Win32 implementation
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM - OS adjusted ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::MM_AIX - AIX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM_Any - Platform-agnostic MM methods

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
Cross-platform helper methods
Targets
Init methods
Tools
File::Spec wrappers
Misc
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::MM_BeOS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

os_flavor

init_linker  

ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
os_flavor

cflags

replace_manpage_separator

init_linker

maybe_command

dynamic_lib

all_target  

ExtUtils::MM_DOS - DOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
os_flavor

replace_manpage_separator

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM_Darwin - special behaviors for OS X

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overriden Methods
 

ExtUtils::MM_MacOS - once produced Makefiles for MacOS Classic

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::MM_NW5 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

os_flavor

init_platform, platform_constants

const_cccmd

static_lib

dynamic_lib  

ExtUtils::MM_OS2 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
init_dist

init_linker

os_flavor  

ExtUtils::MM_QNX - QNX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM_UWIN - U/WIN specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
os_flavor

replace_manpage_separator

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
Methods
os_flavor

c_o (o)

cflags (o)

const_cccmd (o)

const_config (o)

const_loadlibs (o)

constants (o)

depend (o)

init_DEST

init_dist

dist (o)

dist_basics (o)

dist_ci (o)

dist_core (o)

dist_target

tardist_target

zipdist_target

tarfile_target

zipfile_target

uutardist_target

shdist_target

dlsyms (o)

dynamic_bs (o)

dynamic_lib (o)

exescan

extliblist

find_perl

fixin

force (o)

guess_name

has_link_code

init_dirscan

init_MANPODS

init_MAN1PODS

init_MAN3PODS

init_PM

init_DIRFILESEP

init_main

init_tools

init_linker

init_lib2arch

init_PERL

init_platform, platform_constants

init_PERM

init_xs

install (o)

installbin (o)

linkext (o)

lsdir

macro (o)

makeaperl (o)

makefile (o)

maybe_command

needs_linking (o)

parse_abstract

parse_version

pasthru (o)

perl_script

perldepend (o)

pm_to_blib

post_constants (o)

post_initialize (o)

postamble (o)

ppd

prefixify

processPL (o)

specify_shell

quote_paren

replace_manpage_separator

cd

oneliner

quote_literal

escape_newlines

max_exec_len

static (o)

static_lib (o)

staticmake (o)

subdir_x (o)

subdirs (o)

test (o)

test_via_harness (override)

test_via_script (override)

tool_xsubpp (o)

all_target

top_targets (o)

writedoc

xs_c (o)

xs_cpp (o)

xs_o (o)

SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM_VMS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods always loaded
wraplist
Methods
guess_name (override)

find_perl (override)

_fixin_replace_shebang (override)

maybe_command (override)

pasthru (override)

pm_to_blib (override)

perl_script (override)

replace_manpage_separator

init_DEST

init_DIRFILESEP

init_main (override)

init_tools (override)

init_platform (override)

platform_constants

init_VERSION (override)

constants (override)

special_targets

cflags (override)

const_cccmd (override)

tools_other (override)

init_dist (override)

c_o (override)

xs_c (override)

xs_o (override)

dlsyms (override)

dynamic_lib (override)

static_lib (override)

extra_clean_files

zipfile_target, tarfile_target, shdist_target

install (override)

perldepend (override)

makeaperl (override)

maketext_filter (override)

prefixify (override)

cd

oneliner

echo

quote_literal

escape_dollarsigns

escape_all_dollarsigns

escape_newlines

max_exec_len

init_linker

catdir (override), catfile (override)

eliminate_macros

fixpath

os_flavor

is_make_type (override)

AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::MM_VOS - VOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MM_Win32 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
dlsyms

replace_manpage_separator

maybe_command

init_DIRFILESEP

init_tools

init_others

init_platform, platform_constants

specify_shell

constants

special_targets

static_lib

dynamic_lib

extra_clean_files

init_linker

perl_script

quote_dep

xs_o

pasthru

arch_check (override)

oneliner

cd

max_exec_len

os_flavor

cflags  

ExtUtils::MM_Win95 - method to customize MakeMaker for Win9X

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Overridden methods
xs_c

xs_cpp

xs_o

max_exec_len

os_flavor

AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::MY - ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass for customization

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::MakeMaker - Create a module Makefile

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
How To Write A Makefile.PL
Default Makefile Behaviour
make test
make testdb
make install
INSTALL_BASE
PREFIX and LIB attribute
AFS users
Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
Which architecture dependent directory?
Using Attributes and Parameters
ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION, BUILD_REQUIRES, C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE, CONFIGURE_REQUIRES, DEFINE, DESTDIR, DIR, DISTNAME, DISTVNAME, DLEXT, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT, EXE_FILES, FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, FULLPERLRUN, FULLPERLRUNINST, FUNCLIST, H, IMPORTS, INC, INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS, INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR, INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITEARCH, INSTALLSITEBIN, INSTALLSITELIB, INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR, INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR, INSTALLSITESCRIPT, INSTALLVENDORARCH, INSTALLVENDORBIN, INSTALLVENDORLIB, INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR, INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR, INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN, INST_LIB, INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LD, LDDLFLAGS, LDFROM, LIB, LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LICENSE, LINKTYPE, MAGICXS, MAKE, MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE_OLD, MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET, META_ADD, META_MERGE, MIN_PERL_VERSION, MYEXTLIB, NAME, NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO, NORECURS, NO_META, NO_MYMETA, NO_PACKLIST, NO_PERLLOCAL, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE, PERL, PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB, PERL_MALLOC_OK, PERLPREFIX, PERLRUN, PERLRUNINST, PERL_SRC, PERM_DIR, PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS, PM_FILTER, POLLUTE, PPM_INSTALL_EXEC, PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT, PPM_UNINSTALL_EXEC, PPM_UNINSTALL_SCRIPT, PREFIX, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PM, PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ, SITEPREFIX, SIGN, SKIP, TEST_REQUIRES, TYPEMAPS, VENDORPREFIX, VERBINST, VERSION, VERSION_FROM, VERSION_SYM, XS, XSOPT, XSPROTOARG, XS_VERSION
Additional lowercase attributes
clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro, postamble, realclean, test, tool_autosplit
Overriding MakeMaker Methods
The End Of Cargo Cult Programming
"MAN3PODS => ' '"
Hintsfile support
Distribution Support
   make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make distclean,    make veryclean,
   make manifest,    make distdir,   make disttest,    make tardist,   
make dist,    make uutardist,    make shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

Module Meta-Data (META and MYMETA)
Disabling an extension
Other Handy Functions
prompt
Supported versions of Perl
ENVIRONMENT
PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, PERL_CORE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config - Wrapper around Config.pm

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions About MakeMaker

DESCRIPTION
Module Installation
How do I install a module into my home directory?, How do I get MakeMaker and Module::Build to install to the same place?, How do I keep from installing man pages?, How do I use a module without installing it?, PREFIX vs INSTALL_BASE from Module::Build::Cookbook
Common errors and problems
``No rule to make target `/usr/lib/perl5/CORE/config.h', needed by `Makefile'''
Philosophy and History
Why not just use <insert other build config tool here>?, What is Module::Build and how does it relate to MakeMaker?, pure perl.  no make, no
shell commands, easier to customize, cleaner internals, less cruft
Module Writing
How do I keep my $VERSION up to date without resetting it manually?, What's this META.yml thing and how did it get in my MANIFEST?!, How do I delete everything not in my MANIFEST?, Which tar should I use on Windows?, Which zip should I use on Windows for '[nd]make zipdist'?
XS
How do I prevent ``object version X.XX does not match bootstrap parameter Y.YY'' errors?, How do I make two or more XS files coexist in the same directory?
PATCHING
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Locale - bundled Encode::Locale

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
decode_argv( ), decode_argv( Encode::FB_CROAK ), env( $uni_key ), env( $uni_key => $uni_value ), reinit( ), reinit( $encoding ), $ENCODING_LOCALE, $ENCODING_LOCALE_FS, $ENCODING_CONSOLE_IN, $ENCODING_CONSOLE_OUT
NOTES
Windows
Mac OS X
POSIX (Linux and other Unixes)
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial - Writing a module with MakeMaker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
The Mantra
The Layout
Makefile.PL, MANIFEST, lib/, t/, Changes, README, INSTALL, MANIFEST.SKIP, bin/
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::Manifest - utilities to write and check a MANIFEST file

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functions
mkmanifest

manifind

manicheck

filecheck

fullcheck

skipcheck

maniread

maniskip

manicopy

maniadd

MANIFEST
MANIFEST.SKIP
#!include_default, #!include /Path/to/another/manifest.skip
EXPORT_OK
GLOBAL VARIABLES
DIAGNOSTICS
"Not in MANIFEST:" file, "Skipping" file, "No such file:" file, "MANIFEST:" $!, "Added to MANIFEST:" file
ENVIRONMENT
PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::Miniperl - write the C code for perlmain.c

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap - make a bootstrap file for use by DynaLoader

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::Mksymlists - write linker options files for dynamic extension

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME
AUTHOR
REVISION
mkfh()

__find_relocations  

ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
FUNCTIONS
new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()
EXAMPLE
AUTHOR
 

ExtUtils::ParseXS - converts Perl XS code into C code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORT
METHODS
$pxs->new(), $pxs->process_file(), C++, hiertype, except, typemap, prototypes, versioncheck, linenumbers, optimize, inout, argtypes, s, $pxs->report_error_count()
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

ExtUtils::ParseXS::Constants - Initialization values for some globals

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

ExtUtils::ParseXS::Eval - Clean package to evaluate code in

SYNOPSIS
SUBROUTINES
$pxs->eval_output_typemap_code($typemapcode, $other_hashref)
$pxs->eval_input_typemap_code($typemapcode, $other_hashref)
TODO
 

ExtUtils::ParseXS::Utilities - Subroutines used with ExtUtils::ParseXS

SYNOPSIS
SUBROUTINES
standard_typemap_locations()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
trim_whitespace()
Purpose, Argument, Return Value
C_string()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
valid_proto_string()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
process_typemaps()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
map_type()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
standard_XS_defs()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
assign_func_args()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
analyze_preprocessor_statements()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
set_cond()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
current_line_number()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
Warn()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
blurt()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
death()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
check_conditional_preprocessor_statements()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
escape_file_for_line_directive()
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
report_typemap_failure
Purpose, Arguments, Return Value
 

ExtUtils::Typemaps - Read/Write/Modify Perl/XS typemap files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
file
add_typemap
add_inputmap
add_outputmap
add_string
remove_typemap
remove_inputmap
remove_inputmap
get_typemap
get_inputmap
get_outputmap
write
as_string
as_embedded_typemap
merge
is_empty
list_mapped_ctypes
_get_typemap_hash
_get_inputmap_hash
_get_outputmap_hash
_get_prototype_hash
clone
tidy_type
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::Typemaps::Cmd - Quick commands for handling typemaps

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
embeddable_typemap
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::Typemaps::InputMap - Entry in the INPUT section of a typemap

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
code
xstype
cleaned_code
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap - Entry in the OUTPUT section of a typemap

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
code
xstype
cleaned_code
targetable
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::Typemaps::Type - Entry in the TYPEMAP section of a typemap

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
proto
xstype
ctype
tidy_ctype
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

ExtUtils::XSSymSet - keep sets of symbol names palatable to the VMS linker

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
new([$maxlen[,$silent]]), addsym($name[,$maxlen[,$silent]]), trimsym($name[,$maxlen[,$silent]]), delsym($name), get_orig($trimmed), get_trimmed($name), all_orig(), all_trimmed()
AUTHOR
REVISION
 

ExtUtils::testlib - add blib/* directories to @INC

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

Fatal - Replace functions with equivalents which succeed or die

SYNOPSIS
BEST PRACTICE
DESCRIPTION
DIAGNOSTICS
Bad subroutine name for Fatal: %s, %s is not a Perl subroutine, %s is neither a builtin, nor a Perl subroutine, Cannot make the non-overridable %s fatal, Internal error: %s
BUGS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

Fcntl - load the C Fcntl.h defines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
EXPORTED SYMBOLS
 

File::Basename - Parse file paths into directory, filename and suffix.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"fileparse"

"basename"

"dirname"

"fileparse_set_fstype"

SEE ALSO
 

File::Compare - Compare files or filehandles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN
AUTHOR
 

File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
copy , move , syscopy , rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])
RETURN
NOTES
AUTHOR
 

File::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTS (by request only)
BUGS
AUTHOR
HISTORY
SEE ALSO
 

File::Fetch - A generic file fetching mechanism

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ACCESSORS
$ff->uri, $ff->scheme, $ff->host, $ff->vol, $ff->share, $ff->path, $ff->file, $ff->file_default

$ff->output_file

METHODS
$ff = File::Fetch->new( uri => 'http://some.where.com/dir/file.txt' );
$where = $ff->fetch( [to => /my/output/dir/ | \$scalar] )
$ff->error([BOOL])
HOW IT WORKS
GLOBAL VARIABLES
$File::Fetch::FROM_EMAIL
$File::Fetch::USER_AGENT
$File::Fetch::FTP_PASSIVE
$File::Fetch::TIMEOUT
$File::Fetch::WARN
$File::Fetch::DEBUG
$File::Fetch::BLACKLIST
$File::Fetch::METHOD_FAIL
MAPPING
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
So how do I use a proxy with File::Fetch?
I used 'lynx' to fetch a file, but its contents is all wrong!
Files I'm trying to fetch have reserved characters or non-ASCII characters in them. What do I do?
TODO
Implement $PREFER_BIN
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

File::Find - Traverse a directory tree.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
find, finddepth
%options
"wanted", "bydepth", "preprocess", "postprocess", "follow", "follow_fast", "follow_skip", "dangling_symlinks", "no_chdir", "untaint", "untaint_pattern", "untaint_skip"
The wanted function
$File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_ is the current filename within that directory, $File::Find::name is the complete pathname to the file
WARNINGS
CAVEAT
$dont_use_nlink, symlinks
BUGS AND CAVEATS
HISTORY
SEE ALSO
 

File::Glob - Perl extension for BSD glob routine

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
META CHARACTERS
EXPORTS
POSIX FLAGS
"GLOB_ERR", "GLOB_LIMIT", "GLOB_MARK", "GLOB_NOCASE", "GLOB_NOCHECK", "GLOB_NOSORT", "GLOB_BRACE", "GLOB_NOMAGIC", "GLOB_QUOTE", "GLOB_TILDE", "GLOB_CSH", "GLOB_ALPHASORT"
DIAGNOSTICS
"GLOB_NOSPACE", "GLOB_ABEND"
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

File::GlobMapper - Extend File Glob to Allow Input and Output Files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Behind The Scenes
Limitations
Input File Glob
~, ~user, ., *, ?, \, [], {,}, ()
Output File Glob
``*'', #1
Returned Data
EXAMPLES
A Rename script
A few example globmaps
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

File::Path - Create or remove directory trees

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
make_path( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), make_path( $dir1, $dir2, ...., \%opts ), mode => $num, chmod => $num, verbose => $bool, error => \$err, owner => $owner, user => $owner, uid => $owner, group => $group, mkpath( $dir ), mkpath( $dir, $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, ...., \%opts ), verbose => $bool, safe => $bool, keep_root => $bool, result => \$res, error => \$err, rmtree( $dir ), rmtree( $dir, $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt )
ERROR HANDLING
NOTE:
NOTES
DIAGNOSTICS
mkdir [path]: [errmsg] (SEVERE), No root path(s) specified, No such file or directory, cannot fetch initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot stat initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot chdir to [dir]: [errmsg], directory [dir] changed before chdir, expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting. (FATAL), cannot make directory [dir] read+writeable: [errmsg], cannot read [dir]: [errmsg], cannot reset chmod [dir]: [errmsg], cannot remove [dir] when cwd is [dir], cannot chdir to [parent-dir] from [child-dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), cannot stat prior working directory [dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), previous directory [parent-dir] changed before entering [child-dir], expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting. (FATAL), cannot make directory [dir] writeable: [errmsg], cannot remove directory [dir]: [errmsg], cannot restore permissions of [dir] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], cannot make file [file] writeable: [errmsg], cannot unlink file [file]: [errmsg], cannot restore permissions of [file] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], unable to map [owner] to a uid, ownership not changed");, unable to map [group] to a gid, group ownership not changed
SEE ALSO
BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
MULTITHREAD APPLICATIONS
NFS Mount Points
REPORTING BUGS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
<bulkdd@cpan.org>, Craig A. Berry <craigberry@mac.com>, Richard Elberger <riche@cpan.org>, Ryan Yee <ryee@cpan.org>, Skye Shaw <shaw@cpan.org>, Tom Lutz <tommylutz@gmail.com>
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE
 

File::Spec - portably perform operations on file names

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
canonpath , catdir , catfile , curdir , devnull , rootdir , tmpdir , updir , no_upwards, case_tolerant, file_name_is_absolute, path , join , splitpath , splitdir
 , catpath(), abs2rel   , rel2abs()
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

File::Spec::AmigaOS - File::Spec for AmigaOS

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
tmpdir

file_name_is_absolute  

File::Spec::Cygwin - methods for Cygwin file specs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

canonpath

file_name_is_absolute

tmpdir (override)

case_tolerant

COPYRIGHT
 

File::Spec::Epoc - methods for Epoc file specs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

canonpath()

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

File::Spec::Functions - portably perform operations on file names

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Exports
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

File::Spec::Mac - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
canonpath

catdir()

catfile

curdir

devnull

rootdir

tmpdir

updir

file_name_is_absolute

path

splitpath

splitdir

catpath

abs2rel

rel2abs

AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

File::Spec::OS2 - methods for OS/2 file specs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
tmpdir, splitpath
COPYRIGHT
 

File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
canonpath()

catdir()

catfile

curdir

devnull

rootdir

tmpdir

updir

no_upwards

case_tolerant

file_name_is_absolute

path

join

splitpath

splitdir

catpath()

abs2rel

rel2abs()

COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

File::Spec::VMS - methods for VMS file specs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

canonpath (override)

catdir (override)

catfile (override)

curdir (override)

devnull (override)

rootdir (override)

tmpdir (override)

updir (override)

case_tolerant (override)

path (override)

file_name_is_absolute (override)

splitpath (override)

splitdir (override)

catpath (override)

abs2rel (override)

rel2abs (override)

COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
devnull

tmpdir

case_tolerant

file_name_is_absolute

catfile

canonpath

splitpath

splitdir

catpath

Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

File::Temp - return name and handle of a temporary file safely

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
PORTABILITY
OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE
new, newdir, filename, dirname, unlink_on_destroy, DESTROY
FUNCTIONS
tempfile, tempdir
MKTEMP FUNCTIONS
mkstemp, mkstemps, mkdtemp, mktemp
POSIX FUNCTIONS
tmpnam, tmpfile
ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
tempnam
UTILITY FUNCTIONS
unlink0, cmpstat, unlink1, cleanup
PACKAGE VARIABLES
safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH, TopSystemUID, $KEEP_ALL, $DEBUG
WARNING
Temporary files and NFS
Forking
Directory removal
Taint mode
BINMODE
HISTORY
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

File::stat - by-name interface to Perl's built-in stat() functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
ERRORS
-%s is not implemented on a File::stat object
WARNINGS
File::stat ignores use filetest 'access', File::stat ignores VMS ACLs
NOTE
AUTHOR
 

FileCache - keep more files open than the system permits

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
cacheout EXPR, cacheout MODE, EXPR
CAVEATS
BUGS
 

FileHandle - supply object methods for filehandles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines
SEE ALSO
 

Filter::Simple - Simplified source filtering

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
The Problem
A Solution
Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
All-in-one interface
Filtering only specific components of source code
"code", "code_no_comments", "executable", "executable_no_comments", "quotelike", "string", "regex", "all"
Filtering only the code parts of source code
Using Filter::Simple with an explicit import subroutine
Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
How it works
AUTHOR
CONTACT
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Filter::Util::Call - Perl Source Filter Utility Module

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
use Filter::Util::Call
import()
filter_add()
filter() and anonymous sub
$_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact, filter_del, real_import, unimport()
LIMITATIONS
__DATA__ is ignored, Max. codesize limited to 32-bit
EXAMPLES
Example 1: A simple filter.
Example 2: Using the context
Example 3: Using the context within the filter
Example 4: Using filter_del
Filter::Simple
AUTHOR
DATE
LICENSE
 

FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
KNOWN ISSUES
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

GDBM_File - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
BUGS
SEE ALSO
 

Getopt::Long - Extended processing of command line options

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Command Line Options, an Introduction
Getting Started with Getopt::Long
Simple options
A little bit less simple options
Mixing command line option with other arguments
Options with values
Options with multiple values
Options with hash values
User-defined subroutines to handle options
Options with multiple names
Case and abbreviations
Summary of Option Specifications
!, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [ desttype ], : + [ desttype ]
Advanced Possibilities
Object oriented interface
Thread Safety
Documentation and help texts
Parsing options from an arbitrary array
Parsing options from an arbitrary string
Storing options values in a hash
Bundling
The lonesome dash
Argument callback
Configuring Getopt::Long
default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, gnu_compat, gnu_getopt, require_order, permute, bundling (default: disabled), bundling_override (default: disabled), ignore_case (default: enabled), ignore_case_always (default: disabled), auto_version (default:disabled), auto_help (default:disabled), pass_through (default: disabled), prefix, prefix_pattern, long_prefix_pattern, debug (default: disabled)
Exportable Methods
VersionMessage, "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-output", HelpMessage
Return values and Errors
Legacy
Default destinations
Alternative option starters
Configuration variables
Tips and Techniques
Pushing multiple values in a hash option
Troubleshooting
GetOptions does not return a false result when an option is not supplied
GetOptions does not split the command line correctly
Undefined subroutine &main::GetOptions called
How do I put a -? option into a Getopt::Long?
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
 

Getopt::Std, getopt, getopts - Process single-character switches with switch clustering

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
--help and --version
 

HTTP::Tiny - A small, simple, correct HTTP/1.1 client

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new
get|head|put|post|delete
post_form
mirror
request
www_form_urlencode
can_ssl
SSL SUPPORT
PROXY SUPPORT
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code
AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Hash::Util - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Restricted hashes
lock_keys, unlock_keys

lock_keys_plus

lock_value, unlock_value

lock_hash, unlock_hash

lock_hash_recurse, unlock_hash_recurse

hashref_locked, hash_locked

hashref_unlocked, hash_unlocked

legal_keys, hidden_keys, all_keys, hash_seed, hash_value, bucket_info, bucket_stats, bucket_array

bucket_stats_formatted

hv_store, hash_traversal_mask

Operating on references to hashes.
lock_ref_keys, unlock_ref_keys, lock_ref_keys_plus, lock_ref_value, unlock_ref_value, lock_hashref, unlock_hashref, lock_hashref_recurse, unlock_hashref_recurse, hash_ref_unlocked, legal_ref_keys, hidden_ref_keys
CAVEATS
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

Hash::Util::FieldHash - Support for Inside-Out Classes

SYNOPSIS
FUNCTIONS
id, id_2obj, register, idhash, idhashes, fieldhash, fieldhashes
DESCRIPTION
The Inside-out Technique
Problems of Inside-out
Solutions
More Problems
The Generic Object
How to use Field Hashes
Garbage-Collected Hashes
EXAMPLES
"init()", "first()", "last()", "name()", "Name_hash", "Name_id", "Name_idhash", "Name_id_reg", "Name_idhash_reg", "Name_fieldhash"
Example 1
Example 2
GUTS
The PERL_MAGIC_uvar interface for hashes
Weakrefs call uvar magic
How field hashes work
Internal function Hash::Util::FieldHash::_fieldhash
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

I18N::Collate - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the current locale

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

I18N::LangTags - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style language tags

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

the function is_language_tag($lang1)

the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

the function super_languages($lang1)

the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

the function implicate_supers( ...languages... ), the function implicate_supers_strictly( ...languages... )

ABOUT LOWERCASING
ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHOR
 

I18N::LangTags::Detect - detect the user's language preferences

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS
ENVIRONMENT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHOR
 

I18N::LangTags::List --- tags and names for human languages

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
LIST OF LANGUAGES
{ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada} : Adangme, {ady} : Adyghe, {aa} : Afar, {afh} : Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans, [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic (Other)], {ak} : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq} : Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian languages], [{tut} : Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami, [{apa} : Apache languages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Aramaic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn} : Araucanian, {arw} : Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, {an} : Aragonese, [{art} : Artificial (Other)], {ast} : Asturian, {as} : Assamese, [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian languages], [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {av} : Avaric, {ae} : Avestan, {awa} : Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara, {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} : Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic (Other)], {bal} : Baluchi, {bm} : Bambara, [{bai} : Bamileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} : Bantu (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque, {btk} : Batak (Indonesia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belarusian, {bem} : Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri, {bh} : Bihari, {bik} : Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bislama, {bs} : Bosnian, {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} : Bulgarian, {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Burmese, {cad} : Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} : Catalan, [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)], {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} : Celtic (Other)], [{cai} : Central American Indian (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic languages], {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee, {chy} : Cheyenne, {chb} : Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} : Chinese, {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan, {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} : Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese, {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Coptic, {kw} : Cornish, {co} : Corsican, {cr} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe} : English-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpp} : Portuguese-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{crp} : Creoles and pidgins (Other)], {hr} : Croatian, [{cus} : Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} : Dakota, {da} : Danish, {dar} : Dargwa, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} : Default (Fallthru) Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} : Dinka, {dv} : Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} : Dogrib, [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)], {dua} : Duala, {nl} : Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350), {dyu} : Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient Egyptian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} : English, {enm} : Old English (1100-1500), {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100), {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artificial), {myv} : Erzya, {eo} : Esperanto, {et} : Estonian, {ee} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} : Fang, {fat} : Fanti, {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish, [{fiu} : Finno-Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm} : Middle French (ca.1400-1600), {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400), {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ff} : Fulah, {gaa} : Ga, {gd} : Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan, {lg} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} : Gbaya, {gez} : Geez, {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle High German (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German (ca.750-1050), [{gem} : Germanic (Other)], {gil} : Gilbertese, {gon} : Gondi, {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} : Gothic, {grb} : Grebo, {grc} : Ancient Greek, {el} : Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi} : Gwich'in, {hai} : Haida, {ht} : Haitian, {ha} : Hausa, {haw} : Hawaiian, {he} : Hebrew, {hz} : Herero, {hil} : Hiligaynon, {him} : Himachali, {hi} : Hindi, {ho} : Hiri Motu, {hit} : Hittite, {hmn} : Hmong, {hu} : Hungarian, {hup} : Hupa, {iba} : Iban, {is} : Icelandic, {io} : Ido, {ig} : Igbo, {ijo} : Ijo, {ilo} : Iloko, [{inc} : Indic (Other)], [{ine} : Indo-European (Other)], {id} : Indonesian, {inh} : Ingush, {ia} : Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association), {ie} : Interlingue, {iu} : Inuktitut, {ik} : Inupiaq, [{ira} : Iranian (Other)], {ga} : Irish, {mga} : Middle Irish (900-1200), {sga} : Old Irish (to 900), [{iro} : Iroquoian languages], {it} : Italian, {ja} : Japanese, {jv} : Javanese, {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic, {jpr} : Judeo-Persian, {kbd} : Kabardian, {kab} : Kabyle, {kac} : Kachin, {kl} : Kalaallisut, {xal} : Kalmyk, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} : Kannada, {kr} : Kanuri, {krc} : Karachay-Balkar, {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} : Kashmiri, {csb} : Kashubian, {kaw} : Kawi, {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} : Khasi, {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} : Khotanese, {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} : Kinyarwanda, {ky} : Kirghiz, {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv} : Komi, {kg} : Kongo, {kok} : Konkani, {ko} : Korean, {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} : Kru, {kj} : Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} : Kurdish, {kru} : Kurukh, {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} : Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} : Letzeburgesch, {lez} : Lezghian, {li} : Limburgish, {ln} : Lingala, {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German, {art-lojban} : Lojban (Artificial), {loz} : Lozi, {lu} : Luba-Katanga, {lua} : Luba-Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun} : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), {lus} : Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese, {mag} : Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} : Makasar, {mg} : Malagasy, {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Maltese, {mnc} : Manchu, {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo, {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo languages], {gv} : Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} : Mari, {mh} : Marshall, {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} : Mayan languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Micmac, {min} : Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous languages], {moh} : Mohawk, {mdf} : Moksha, {mo} : Moldavian, [{mkh} : Mon-Khmer (Other)], {lol} : Mongo, {mn} : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi, [{mul} : Multiple languages], [{mun} : Munda languages], {nah} : Nahuatl, {nap} : Neapolitan, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} : North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne} : Nepali, {new} : Newari, {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-Kordofanian (Other)], [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)], {niu} : Niuean, {nog} : Nogai, {non} : Old Norse, [{nai} : North American Indian], {no} : Norwegian, {nb} : Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk, [{nub} : Nubian languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole, {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} : Occitan (post 1500), {oj} : Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa} : Osage, {os} : Ossetian; Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} : Paiwan, {pau} : Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} : Pangasinan, {pa} : Panjabi, {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} : Papuan (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian (ca.600-400 B.C.), [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} : Phoenician, {pon} : Pohnpeian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} : Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit languages], {pro} : Old Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} : Quechua, {rm} : Raeto-Romance, {raj} : Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui, {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local use.], [{roa} : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom} : Romany, {rn} : Rundi, {ru} : Russian, [{sal} : Salishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan Aramaic, {se} : Northern Sami, {sma} : Southern Sami, {smn} : Inari Sami, {smj} : Lule Sami, {sms} : Skolt Sami, [{smi} : Sami languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe, {sg} : Sango, {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} : Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak, {sco} : Scots, {sel} : Selkup, [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} : Serbian, {srr} : Serer, {shn} : Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo, {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd} : Sindhi, {si} : Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)], [{sio} : Siouan languages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan), [{sla} : Slavic (Other)], {sk} : Slovak, {sl} : Slovenian, {sog} : Sogdian, {so} : Somali, {son} : Songhai, {snk} : Soninke, {wen} : Sorbian languages, {nso} : Northern Sotho, {st} : Southern Sotho, [{sai} : South American Indian (Other)], {es} : Spanish, {suk} : Sukuma, {sux} : Sumerian, {su} : Sundanese, {sus} : Susu, {sw} : Swahili, {ss} : Swati, {sv} : Swedish, {syr} : Syriac, {tl} : Tagalog, {ty} : Tahitian, [{tai} : Tai (Other)], {tg} : Tajik, {tmh} : Tamashek, {ta} : Tamil, {i-tao} : Tao, {tt} : Tatar, {i-tay} : Tayal, {te} : Telugu, {ter} : Tereno, {tet} : Tetum, {th} : Thai, {bo} : Tibetan, {tig} : Tigre, {ti} : Tigrinya, {tem} : Timne, {tiv} : Tiv, {tli} : Tlingit, {tpi} : Tok Pisin, {tkl} : Tokelau, {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa), {to} : Tonga (Tonga Islands), {tsi} : Tsimshian, {ts} : Tsonga, {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, [{tup} : Tupi languages], {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928), {crh} : Crimean Turkish, {tk} : Turkmen, {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} : Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {udm} : Udmurt, {uga} : Ugaritic, {ug} : Uighur, {uk} : Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined, {ur} : Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ve} : Venda, {vi} : Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk, {vot} : Votic, [{wak} : Wakashan languages], {wa} : Walloon, {wal} : Walamo, {war} : Waray, {was} : Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} : Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-Private Use), {xh} : Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} : Yapese, {ii} : Sichuan Yi, {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} : Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} : Zapotec], {zen} : Zenaga, {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
AUTHOR
 

I18N::Langinfo - query locale information

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO - load various IO modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DEPRECATED
 

IO::Compress::Base - Base Class for IO::Compress modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Compress::Bzip2 - Write bzip2 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
bzip2 $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "BlockSize100K => number", "WorkFactor => number", "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([OPTS])
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Compress::Deflate - Write RFC 1950 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
deflate $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([OPTS])
deflateParams
Importing
:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy
EXAMPLES
Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Compress::FAQ --- Frequently Asked Questions about IO::Compress

DESCRIPTION
GENERAL
Compatibility with Unix compress/uncompress.
Accessing .tar.Z files
How do I recompress using a different compression?
ZIP
What Compression Types do IO::Compress::Zip & IO::Uncompress::Unzip support?
Store (method 0), Deflate (method 8), Bzip2 (method 12), Lzma (method 14)
Can I Read/Write Zip files larger the 4 Gig?
Can I write more that 64K entries is a Zip files?
Zip Resources
GZIP
Gzip Resources
Dealing with concatenated gzip files
Reading bgzip files with IO::Uncompress::Gunzip
ZLIB
Zlib Resources
Bzip2
Bzip2 Resources
Dealing with Concatenated bzip2 files
Interoperating with Pbzip2
HTTP & NETWORK
Apache::GZip Revisited
Compressed files and Net::FTP
MISC
Using InputLength to uncompress data embedded in a larger file/buffer.
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Compress::Gzip - Write RFC 1952 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
gzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Minimal => 0|1", "Comment => $comment", "Name => $string", "Time => $number", "TextFlag => 0|1", "HeaderCRC => 0|1", "OS_Code => $value", "ExtraField => $data", "ExtraFlags => $value", "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([OPTS])
deflateParams
Importing
:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy
EXAMPLES
Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Compress::RawDeflate - Write RFC 1951 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
rawdeflate $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([OPTS])
deflateParams
Importing
:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy
EXAMPLES
Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Compress::Zip - Write zip files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
zip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Name => $string", "CanonicalName => 0|1", "FilterName => sub { ... }", "Time => $number", "ExtAttr => $attr", "exTime => [$atime, $mtime, $ctime]", "exUnix2 => [$uid, $gid]", "exUnixN => [$uid, $gid]", "Comment => $comment", "ZipComment => $comment", "Method => $method", "Stream => 0|1", "Zip64 => 0|1", "TextFlag => 0|1", "ExtraFieldLocal => $data", "ExtraFieldCentral => $data", "Minimal => 1|0", "BlockSize100K => number", "WorkFactor => number", "Preset => number", "Extreme => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([OPTS])
deflateParams
Importing
:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy, :zip_method
EXAMPLES
Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash, 'IO::Dir', DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile
METHODS
open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS ), binmode( [LAYER] )
NOTE
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )
METHODS
$io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync, $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint
NOTE
SEE ALSO
BUGS
HISTORY
 

IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [READER, WRITER] )
METHODS
reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0 (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1 (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
 

IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ HANDLES ] )
METHODS
add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(), select ( READ, WRITE, EXCEPTION [, TIMEOUT ] )
EXAMPLE
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ARGS] )
METHODS
accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark, connected, protocol, sockdomain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]), getsockopt(LEVEL, OPT), setsockopt(LEVEL, OPT, VAL), socktype, timeout([VAL])
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ARGS] )
METHODS
sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport (), peerhost ()
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::Socket::IP, IO::Socket::IP - Family-neutral IP socket supporting both IPv4 and IPv6

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
REPLACING IO::Socket DEFAULT BEHAVIOUR
CONSTRUCTORS
$sock = IO::Socket::IP->new( %args )
PeerHost => STRING, PeerService => STRING, PeerAddr => STRING, PeerPort => STRING, PeerAddrInfo => ARRAY, LocalHost => STRING, LocalService => STRING, LocalAddr => STRING, LocalPort => STRING, LocalAddrInfo => ARRAY, Family => INT, Type => INT, Proto => STRING or INT, GetAddrInfoFlags => INT, Listen => INT, ReuseAddr => BOOL, ReusePort => BOOL, Broadcast => BOOL, V6Only => BOOL, MultiHomed, Blocking => BOOL, Timeout => NUM
$sock = IO::Socket::IP->new( $peeraddr )
METHODS
( $host, $service ) = $sock->sockhost_service( $numeric )
$addr = $sock->sockhost
$port = $sock->sockport
$host = $sock->sockhostname
$service = $sock->sockservice
$addr = $sock->sockaddr
( $host, $service ) = $sock->peerhost_service( $numeric )
$addr = $sock->peerhost
$port = $sock->peerport
$host = $sock->peerhostname
$service = $sock->peerservice
$addr = $peer->peeraddr
$inet = $sock->as_inet
NON-BLOCKING
PeerHost AND LocalHost PARSING
( $host, $port ) = IO::Socket::IP->split_addr( $addr )
$addr = IO::Socket::IP->join_addr( $host, $port )
IO::Socket::INET INCOMPATIBILITES
TODO
AUTHOR
 

IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ARGS] )
METHODS
hostpath(), peerpath()
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate - Uncompress zlib-based (zip, gzip) file/buffer

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip (RFC 1952), zip
Functional Interface
anyinflate $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1", "ParseExtra => 0|1" If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present and this option is set, it will force the module to check that it conforms to the sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress - Uncompress gzip, zip, bzip2 or lzop file/buffer

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip (RFC 1952), zip, bzip2, lzop, lzf, lzma, xz
Functional Interface
anyuncompress $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1", "UnLzma => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
getHeaderInfo
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::Base - Base Class for IO::Uncompress modules

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2 - Read bzip2 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
bunzip2 $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "Small => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
getHeaderInfo
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::Gunzip - Read RFC 1952 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
gunzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "ParseExtra => 0|1" If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present and this option is set, it will force the module to check that it conforms to the sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
Name, Comment
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::Inflate - Read RFC 1950 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
inflate $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::RawInflate - Read RFC 1951 files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
rawinflate $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Working with Net::FTP
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Uncompress::Unzip - Read zip files/buffers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functional Interface
unzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob
Notes
Optional Parameters
"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"
Examples
OO Interface
Constructor
A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference
Constructor Options
"Name => "membername"", "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"
Examples
Methods
read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell
eof
seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData
Importing
:all
EXAMPLES
Working with Net::FTP
Walking through a zip file
Unzipping a complete zip file to disk
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

IO::Zlib - IO:: style interface to Compress::Zlib

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ARGS] )
OBJECT METHODS
open ( FILENAME, MODE ), opened, close, getc, getline, getlines, print ( ARGS... ), read ( BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET] ), eof, seek ( OFFSET, WHENCE ), tell, setpos ( POS ), getpos ( POS )
USING THE EXTERNAL GZIP
CLASS METHODS
has_Compress_Zlib, gzip_external, gzip_used, gzip_read_open, gzip_write_open
DIAGNOSTICS
IO::Zlib::getlines: must be called in list context, IO::Zlib::gzopen_external: mode '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: ':gzip_external' requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_read_open' requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_read' '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_write_open' requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_write_open' '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: no Compress::Zlib and no external gzip, IO::Zlib::open: needs a filename, IO::Zlib::READ: NBYTES must be specified, IO::Zlib::WRITE: too long LENGTH
SEE ALSO
HISTORY
COPYRIGHT
 

IPC::Cmd - finding and running system commands made easy

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CLASS METHODS
$ipc_run_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_run( [VERBOSE] )
$ipc_open3_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_open3( [VERBOSE] )
$bool = IPC::Cmd->can_capture_buffer
$bool = IPC::Cmd->can_use_run_forked
FUNCTIONS
$path = can_run( PROGRAM );
$ok | ($ok, $err, $full_buf, $stdout_buff, $stderr_buff) = run( command => COMMAND, [verbose => BOOL, buffer => \$SCALAR, timeout => DIGIT] );
command, verbose, buffer, timeout, success, error message, full_buffer, out_buffer, error_buffer
$hashref = run_forked( COMMAND, { child_stdin => SCALAR, timeout => DIGIT, stdout_handler => CODEREF, stderr_handler => CODEREF} );
"timeout", "child_stdin", "stdout_handler", "stderr_handler", "discard_output", "terminate_on_parent_sudden_death", "exit_code", "timeout", "stdout", "stderr", "merged", "err_msg"
$q = QUOTE
HOW IT WORKS
Global Variables
$IPC::Cmd::VERBOSE
$IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_RUN
$IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_OPEN3
$IPC::Cmd::WARN
$IPC::Cmd::INSTANCES
$IPC::Cmd::ALLOW_NULL_ARGS
Caveats
Whitespace and IPC::Open3 / system(), Whitespace and IPC::Run, IO Redirect, Interleaving STDOUT/STDERR
See Also
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

IPC::Open2 - open a process for both reading and writing using open2()

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
WARNING
SEE ALSO
 

IPC::Open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and error handling using open3()

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
See Also
IPC::Open2, IPC::Run
WARNING
 

IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS ), id, read ( POS, SIZE ), write ( STRING, POS, SIZE ), remove, is_removed, stat, attach ( [FLAG] ), detach, addr
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

IPC::SysV - System V IPC constants and system calls

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ftok( PATH ), ftok( PATH, ID ), shmat( ID, ADDR, FLAG ), shmdt( ADDR ), memread( ADDR, VAR, POS, SIZE ), memwrite( ADDR, STRING, POS, SIZE )
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

JSON::PP - JSON::XS compatible pure-Perl module.

SYNOPSIS
VERSION
NOTE
DESCRIPTION
FEATURES
correct unicode handling, round-trip integrity, strict checking of JSON correctness
FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE
encode_json
decode_json
JSON::PP::is_bool
JSON::PP::true
JSON::PP::false
JSON::PP::null
HOW DO I DECODE A DATA FROM OUTER AND ENCODE TO OUTER
METHODS
new
ascii
latin1
utf8
pretty
indent
space_before
space_after
relaxed
list items can have an end-comma, shell-style '#'-comments
canonical
allow_nonref
allow_unknown
allow_blessed
convert_blessed
filter_json_object
filter_json_single_key_object
shrink
max_depth
max_size
encode
decode
decode_prefix
INCREMENTAL PARSING
incr_parse
incr_text
incr_skip
incr_reset
JSON::PP OWN METHODS
allow_singlequote
allow_barekey
allow_bignum
loose
escape_slash
indent_length
sort_by
INTERNAL
PP_encode_box, PP_decode_box
MAPPING
JSON -> PERL
object, array, string, number, true, false, null
PERL -> JSON
hash references, array references, other references, JSON::PP::true, JSON::PP::false, JSON::PP::null, blessed objects, simple scalars, Big Number
UNICODE HANDLING ON PERLS
Perl 5.8 and later
Perl 5.6
Perl 5.005
TODO
speed, memory saving
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

JSON::PP::Boolean - dummy module providing JSON::PP::Boolean

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
 

List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LIST-REDUCTION FUNCTIONS
$result = reduce { BLOCK } @list
any
all
none
notall
first
max
maxstr
min
minstr
product
sum
sum0
KEY/VALUE PAIR LIST FUNCTIONS
pairs
unpairs
pairkeys
pairvalues
pairgrep
pairfirst
pairmap
OTHER FUNCTIONS
shuffle
KNOWN BUGS
RT #95409
SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
 

List::Util::XS - Indicate if List::Util was compiled with a C compiler

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes - a distribution of modules to handle locale codes

DESCRIPTION
Locale::Codes::Country, Locale::Country, Locale::Codes::Language, Locale::Language, Locale::Codes::Currency, Locale::Currency, Locale::Codes::Script, Locale::Script, Locale::Codes::LangExt, Locale::Codes::LangVar, Locale::Codes::LangFam, Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::Constants, Locale::Codes::Country_codes, Locale::Codes::Language_codes, Locale::Codes::Currency_codes, Locale::Codes::Script_codes, Locale::Codes::LangExt_codes, Locale::Codes::LangVar_codes, Locale::Codes::LangFam_codes
NEW CODE SETS
General-use code set, An official source of data, A free source of the data, A reliable source of data
COMMON ALIASES
DEPRECATED CODES
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes::API, Locale::Codes::Country, Locale::Codes::Language, Locale::Codes::Script, Locale::Codes::Currency, Locale::Codes::LangExt, Locale::Codes::LangVar, Locale::Codes::LangFam, Locale::Codes::Changes
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::API - a description of the callable function in each module

DESCRIPTION
ROUTINES
code2XXX ( CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired'] ), XXX2code ( NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired'] ), XXX_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 ), all_XXX_codes ( [CODESET] [,'retired'] ), all_XXX_names ( [CODESET] [,'retired'] )
SEMI-PRIVATE ROUTINES
MODULE::rename_XXX ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ), MODULE::add_XXX ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ), MODULE::delete_XXX     ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
MODULE::add_XXX_alias ( NAME ,NEW_NAME ), MODULE::delete_XXX_alias ( NAME ), MODULE::rename_XXX_code ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ), MODULE::add_XXX_code_alias ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ), MODULE::delete_XXX_code_alias ( CODE [,CODESET] )
KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
Relationship between code sets, Non-ASCII characters not supported
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::Changes - details changes to Locale::Codes

SYNOPSIS
VERSION 3.41 (planned 2016-12-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.40 (planned 2016-09-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.39 (planned 2016-06-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.38 (planned 2016-03-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.37 (2015-12-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.36 (2015-09-01; sbeck)
(!) Removed alias_code function
VERSION 3.35 (2015-06-01; sbeck)
Documentation improvements
VERSION 3.34 (2015-03-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.33 (2014-12-01; sbeck)
Filled out LOCALE_LANG_TERM codeset, Moved repository to GitHub
VERSION 3.32 (2014-09-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.31 (2014-06-01; sbeck)
Bug fixes
VERSION 3.30 (2014-03-04; sbeck)
alias_code remove date set, Bug fixes
VERSION 3.29 (2014-01-27; sbeck)
ISO 3166 country codes improved, Bug fixes
VERSION 3.28 (2013-12-02; sbeck)
VERSION 3.27 (2013-09-03; sbeck)
* FIPS-10 country codes removed
VERSION 3.26 (2013-06-03; sbeck)
Documentation fixes
VERSION 3.25 (2013-03-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.24 (2012-12-03; sbeck)
Syria alias, FIPS-10 country codes deprecated, Domain country codes now come from ISO 3166
VERSION 3.23 (2012-09-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.22 (2012-06-01; sbeck)
Updated perl version required, Sorted deprecated codes
VERSION 3.21 (2012-03-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.20 (2011-12-01; sbeck)
Added limited support for deprecated codes, Fixed capitalization, Pod tests off by default, Codesets may be specified by name, alias_code deprecated, Code cleanup, Added LangFam module
VERSION 3.18 (2011-08-31; sbeck)
No longer use CIA data
VERSION 3.17 (2011-06-28; sbeck)
Added new types of codes, Added new codeset(s), Bug fixes, Reorganized code
VERSION 3.16 (2011-03-01; sbeck)
VERSION 3.15 (2010-12-02; sbeck)
Minor fixes
VERSION 3.14 (2010-09-28; sbeck)
Bug fixes
VERSION 3.13 (2010-06-04; sbeck)
VERSION 3.12 (2010-04-06; sbeck)
Reorganized code
VERSION 3.11 (2010-03-01; sbeck)
Added new codeset(s), Bug fixes
VERSION 3.10 (2010-02-18; sbeck)
Reorganized code, (!) Changed XXX_code2code behavior slightly, Added many semi-private routines, New aliases
VERSION 3.01 (2010-02-15; sbeck)
Fixed Makefile.PL and Build.PL
VERSION 3.00 (2010-02-10; sbeck)
(*) New maintainer, (*) (!) All codes are generated from standards, Added new codeset(s), (*) (!) Locale::Script changed, Added missing functions, (!) Dropped support for _alias_code, (!) All functions return the standard value, (!) rename_country function altered
VERSION 2.07 (2004-06-10; neilb)
VERSION 2.06 (2002-07-15; neilb)
VERSION 2.05 (2002-07-08; neilb)
VERSION 2.04 (2002-05-23; neilb)
VERSION 2.03 (2002-03-24; neilb)
VERSION 2.02 (2002-03-09; neilb)
VERSION 2.01 (2002-02-18; neilb)
VERSION 2.00 (2002-02-17; neilb)
VERSION 1.06 (2001-03-04; neilb)
VERSION 1.05 (2001-02-13; neilb)
VERSION 1.04 (2000-12-21; neilb)
VERSION 1.03 (2000-12-??; neilb)
VERSION 1.02 (2000-05-04; neilb)
VERSION 1.00 (1998-03-09; neilb)
VERSION 0.003 (1997-05-09; neilb)
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::Country - standard codes for country identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3, numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC, dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM
ROUTINES
code2country(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_country_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_country_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Country::add_country(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, Locale::SubCountry, <http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm>, ``/www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/iso-3166-1_decoding_t able.htm'' in http:, <http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/>, <http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm>, ``/www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/prin t_appendix-d.html'' in https:, <http://www.statoids.com/wab.html>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::Currency - standard codes for currency identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha, LOCALE_CURR_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_CURR_NUMERIC
ROUTINES
code2currency(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_currency_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_currency_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::Currency::rename_currency(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::add_currency(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::delete_currency(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::add_currency_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::Currency::delete_currency_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::Currency::rename_currency_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::add_currency_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::delete_currency_code_alias( ODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.iso.org/iso/support/currency_codes_list-1.htm>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::LangExt - standard codes for language extension identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha
ROUTINES
code2langext(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langext2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langext_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_langext_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_langext_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::LangExt::rename_langext(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangExt::add_langext(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangExt::delete_langext(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangExt::add_langext_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::LangExt::delete_langext_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::LangExt::rename_langext_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangExt::add_langext_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangExt::delete_langext_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::LangFam - standard codes for language extension identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha
ROUTINES
code2langfam(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langfam2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langfam_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_langfam_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_langfam_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::LangFam::rename_langfam(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangFam::add_langfam(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangFam::delete_langfam(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangFam::add_langfam_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::LangFam::delete_langfam_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::LangFam::rename_langfam_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangFam::add_langfam_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangFam::delete_langfam_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-5/id.php>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::LangVar - standard codes for language variation identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha
ROUTINES
code2langvar(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langvar2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langvar_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_langvar_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_langvar_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::LangVar::rename_langvar(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangVar::add_langvar(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangVar::delete_langvar(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangVar::add_langvar_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::LangVar::delete_langvar_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::LangVar::rename_langvar_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangVar::add_langvar_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangVar::delete_langvar_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::Language - standard codes for language identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha-2, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_3, term, LOCALE_LANG_TERM
ROUTINES
code2language(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_language_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_language_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::Language::rename_language(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::add_language(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::delete_language(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::add_language_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::Language::delete_language_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::Language::rename_language_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::add_language_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::delete_language_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/>, <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-5/>, <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Codes::Script - standard codes for script identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha, LOCALE_SCRIPT_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_SCRIPT_NUMERIC
ROUTINES
code2script(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_script_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_script_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Codes::Script::rename_script(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Script::add_script(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Script::delete_script(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Script::add_script_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::Script::delete_script_alias(NAME), Locale::Codes::Script::rename_script_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Script::add_script_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Script::delete_script_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.unicode.org/iso15924/>, <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Country - standard codes for country identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3, numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC, dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM
ROUTINES
code2country(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_country_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_country_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Country::rename_country(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Country::add_country(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Country::delete_country(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Country::add_country_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Country::delete_country_alias(NAME), Locale::Country::rename_country_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Country::add_country_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Country::delete_country_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, Locale::SubCountry, <http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm>, ``/www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/iso-3166-1_decoding_t able.htm'' in http:, <http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/>, <http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm>, ``/www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/prin t_appendix-d.html'' in https:, <http://www.statoids.com/wab.html>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Currency - standard codes for currency identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha, LOCALE_CURR_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_CURR_NUMERIC
ROUTINES
code2currency(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_currency_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_currency_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Currency::rename_currency(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Currency::add_currency(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Currency::delete_currency(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Currency::add_currency_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Currency::delete_currency_alias(NAME), Locale::Currency::rename_currency_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Currency::add_currency_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Currency::delete_currency_code_alias( ODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.iso.org/iso/support/currency_codes_list-1.htm>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Language - standard codes for language identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha-2, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_3, term, LOCALE_LANG_TERM
ROUTINES
code2language(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_language_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_language_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Language::rename_language(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Language::add_language(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Language::delete_language(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Language::add_language_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Language::delete_language_alias(NAME), Locale::Language::rename_language_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Language::add_language_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Language::delete_language_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/>, <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-5/>, <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Locale::Maketext - framework for localization

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
QUICK OVERVIEW
METHODS
Construction Methods
The maketext Method
$lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with(PARAM), $lh->failure_handler_auto
Utility Methods
$language->quant($number, $singular), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural, $negative), $language->numf($number), $language->numerate($number, $singular, $plural, $negative), $language->sprintf($format, @items), $language->language_tag(), $language->encoding()
Language Handle Attributes and Internals
LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
BRACKET NOTATION
AUTO LEXICONS
READONLY LEXICONS
CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
AUTHOR
 

Locale::Maketext::Cookbook - recipes for using Locale::Maketext

INTRODUCTION
ONESIDED LEXICONS
DECIMAL PLACES IN NUMBER FORMATTING
 

Locale::Maketext::Guts - Deprecated module to load Locale::Maketext utf8 code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader - Deprecated module to load Locale::Maketext utf8 code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

Locale::Maketext::Simple - Simple interface to Locale::Maketext::Lexicon

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
Class
Path
Style
Export
Subclass
Decode
Encoding
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
The MIT License
 

Locale::Maketext::TPJ13 --- article about software localization

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes
A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
The Linguistic View
Breaking gettext
Replacing gettext
Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
Buzzword: Isomorphism
Buzzword: Inheritance
Buzzword: Concision
The Devil in the Details
The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
References
 

Locale::Script - standard codes for script identification

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORTED CODE SETS
alpha, LOCALE_SCRIPT_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_SCRIPT_NUMERIC
ROUTINES
code2script(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2), all_script_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']), all_script_names([CODESET] [,'retired']), Locale::Script::rename_script(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Script::add_script(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]), Locale::Script::delete_script(CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Script::add_script_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Script::delete_script_alias(NAME), Locale::Script::rename_script_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Script::add_script_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]), Locale::Script::delete_script_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])
SEE ALSO
Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, <http://www.unicode.org/iso15924/>, <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
encode_base64( $bytes ), encode_base64( $bytes, $eol );, decode_base64( $str ), encode_base64url( $bytes ), decode_base64url( $str ), encoded_base64_length( $bytes ), encoded_base64_length( $bytes, $eol ), decoded_base64_length( $str )
EXAMPLES
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
encode_qp( $str), encode_qp( $str, $eol), encode_qp( $str, $eol, $binmode ), decode_qp( $str )
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
 

Math::BigFloat - Arbitrary size floating point math package

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Input
Output
mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
Accuracy vs. Precision
Rounding
bfround ( +$scale ), bfround ( -$scale ), bfround ( 0 ), bround ( +$scale ), bround ( -$scale ) and bround ( 0 )
METHODS
accuracy(), precision(), bdiv(), bmod(), bexp(), bnok(), bpi(), bcos(), bsin(), batan2(), batan(), bmuladd(), as_float(), from_hex(), from_bin(), from_oct()
Autocreating constants
Math library
Using Math::BigInt::Lite
EXPORTS
CAVEATS
stringify, bstr(), bdiv(), brsft(), Modifying and =, bpow(), precision() vs. accuracy()
BUGS
SUPPORT
RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

Math::BigInt - Arbitrary size integer/float math package

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Input
Output
METHODS
config(), accuracy(), precision(), brsft(), new(), from_oct(), from_hex(), from_bin(), bnan(), bzero(), binf(), bone(), is_one()/is_zero()/is_nan()/is_inf(), is_pos()/is_neg()/is_positive()/is_negative(), is_odd()/is_even()/is_int(), bcmp(), bacmp(), sign(), digit(), bneg(), babs(), bsgn(), bnorm(), bnot(), binc(), bdec(), badd(), bsub(), bmul(), bmuladd(), bdiv(), bmod(), bmodinv(), bmodpow(), bpow(), blog(), bexp(), bnok(), bpi(), bcos(), bsin(), batan2(), batan(), blsft(), brsft(), band(), bior(), bxor(), bnot(), bsqrt(), broot(), bfac(), round(), bround(), bfround(), bfloor(), bceil(), bint(), bgcd(), blcm(), length(), exponent(), mantissa(), parts(), copy(), as_int(), as_number(), bstr(), bsstr(), as_hex(), as_bin(), as_oct(), numify(), modify(), upgrade()/downgrade(), div_scale(), round_mode()
ACCURACY and PRECISION
Precision P
Accuracy A
Fallback F
Rounding mode R
'trunc', 'even', 'odd', '+inf', '-inf', 'zero', 'common', Precision, Accuracy (significant digits), Setting/Accessing, Creating numbers, Usage, Precedence, Overriding globals, Local settings, Rounding, Default values, Remarks
Infinity and Not a Number
oct()/hex(), log(-inf), exp(), cos(), sin(), atan2()
INTERNALS
MATH LIBRARY
SIGN
mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
EXAMPLES
Autocreating constants
PERFORMANCE
Alternative math libraries
SUBCLASSING
Subclassing Math::BigInt
UPGRADING
Auto-upgrade
bsqrt(), div(), blog(), bexp(), bpi(), bcos(), bsin(), batan2(), batan()
EXPORTS
CAVEATS
bstr(), bsstr() and 'cmp', int(), length(), bdiv(), infinity handling, Modifying and =, bpow, Overloading -$x, Mixing different object types, bsqrt(), brsft()
BUGS
SUPPORT
RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

Math::BigInt::Calc - Pure Perl module to support Math::BigInt

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
THE Math::BigInt API
General Notes
API version 1
api_version(), _new(STR), _zero(), _one(), _two(), _ten(), _from_bin(STR), _from_oct(STR), _from_hex(STR), _add(OBJ1, OBJ2), _mul(OBJ1, OBJ2), _div(OBJ1, OBJ2), _sub(OBJ1, OBJ2, FLAG), _sub(OBJ1, OBJ2), _dec(OBJ), _inc(OBJ), _mod(OBJ1, OBJ2), _sqrt(OBJ), _root(OBJ, N), _fac(OBJ), _pow(OBJ1, OBJ2), _modinv(OBJ1, OBJ2), _modpow(OBJ1, OBJ2, OBJ3), _rsft(OBJ, N, B), _lsft(OBJ, N, B), _log_int(OBJ, B), _gcd(OBJ1, OBJ2), _and(OBJ1, OBJ2), _or(OBJ1, OBJ2), _xor(OBJ1, OBJ2), _is_zero(OBJ), _is_one(OBJ), _is_two(OBJ), _is_ten(OBJ), _is_even(OBJ), _is_odd(OBJ), _acmp(OBJ1, OBJ2), _str(OBJ), _as_bin(OBJ), _as_oct(OBJ), _as_hex(OBJ), _num(OBJ), _copy(OBJ), _len(OBJ), _zeros(OBJ), _digit(OBJ, N), _check(OBJ)
API version 2
_1ex(N), _nok(OBJ1, OBJ2), _alen(OBJ)
API optional methods
_signed_or(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2), _signed_and(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2), _signed_xor(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2)
WRAP YOUR OWN
BUGS
SUPPORT
RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe
LICENSE
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
 

Math::BigInt::CalcEmu - Emulate low-level math with BigInt code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
__emu_bxor, __emu_band, __emu_bior
BUGS
SUPPORT
RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe
LICENSE
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
 

Math::BigInt::FastCalc - Math::BigInt::Calc with some XS for more speed

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
STORAGE
METHODS
BUGS
SUPPORT
RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe
LICENSE
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO
 

Math::BigRat - Arbitrary big rational numbers

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
MATH LIBRARY
METHODS
new()
numerator()
denominator()
parts()
numify()
as_int()/as_number()
as_float()
as_hex()
as_bin()
as_oct()
from_hex()/from_bin()/from_oct()
length()
digit()
bnorm()
bfac()
bround()/round()/bfround()
bmod()
bneg()
is_one()
is_zero()
is_pos()/is_positive()
is_neg()/is_negative()
is_int()
is_odd()
is_even()
bceil()
bfloor()
bsqrt()
broot()
badd()
bmul()
bsub()
bdiv()
bdec()
binc()
copy()
bstr()/bsstr()
bacmp()/bcmp()
blsft()/brsft()
bpow()
bexp()
bnok()
config()
objectify()
BUGS
SUPPORT
RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

Math::Complex - complex numbers and associated mathematical functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPERATIONS
CREATION
DISPLAYING
CHANGED IN PERL 5.6
USAGE
CONSTANTS
PI
Inf
ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
LICENSE
 

Math::Trig - trigonometric functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
tan
ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO
SIMPLE (REAL) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS
PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS
deg2rad, grad2rad, rad2deg, grad2deg, deg2grad, rad2grad, rad2rad, deg2deg, grad2grad
RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS
COORDINATE SYSTEMS
3-D ANGLE CONVERSIONS
cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical, cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylindrical_to_spherical, spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical
GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS
great_circle_distance
great_circle_direction
great_circle_bearing
great_circle_destination
great_circle_midpoint
great_circle_waypoint
EXAMPLES
CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
Real-valued asin and acos
asin_real, acos_real
BUGS
AUTHORS
LICENSE
 

Memoize - Make functions faster by trading space for time

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DETAILS
OPTIONS
INSTALL
NORMALIZER
SCALAR_CACHE, LIST_CACHE
"MEMORY", "HASH", "TIE", "FAULT", "MERGE"
OTHER FACILITIES
unmemoize
flush_cache
CAVEATS
PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
EXPIRATION SUPPORT
BUGS
MAILING LIST
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
THANK YOU
 

Memoize::AnyDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for AnyDBM_File for Storable use

DESCRIPTION
 

Memoize::Expire - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of memoized values

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
INTERFACE
 TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE

ALTERNATIVES
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

Memoize::ExpireFile - test for Memoize expiration semantics

DESCRIPTION
 

Memoize::ExpireTest - test for Memoize expiration semantics

DESCRIPTION
 

Memoize::NDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for NDBM_File for Storable use

DESCRIPTION
 

Memoize::SDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for SDBM_File for Storable use

DESCRIPTION
 

Memoize::Storable - store Memoized data in Storable database

DESCRIPTION
 

Module::CoreList - what modules shipped with versions of perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS API
"first_release( MODULE )", "first_release_by_date( MODULE )", "find_modules( REGEX, [ LIST OF PERLS ] )", "find_version( PERL_VERSION )", "is_core( MODULE, [ MODULE_VERSION, [ PERL_VERSION ] ] )", "is_deprecated( MODULE, PERL_VERSION )", "deprecated_in( MODULE )", "removed_from( MODULE )", "removed_from_by_date( MODULE )", "changes_between( PERL_VERSION, PERL_VERSION )"
DATA STRUCTURES
%Module::CoreList::version, %Module::CoreList::delta, %Module::CoreList::released, %Module::CoreList::families, %Module::CoreList::deprecated, %Module::CoreList::upstream, %Module::CoreList::bug_tracker
CAVEATS
HISTORY
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

Module::CoreList::Utils - what utilities shipped with versions of perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS API
"utilities", "first_release( UTILITY )", "first_release_by_date( UTILITY )", "removed_from( UTILITY )", "removed_from_by_date( UTILITY )"
DATA STRUCTURES
%Module::CoreList::Utils::utilities
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

Module::Load - runtime require of both modules and files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Difference between load and autoload
FUNCTIONS
load, autoload, load_remote, autoload_remote
Rules
IMPORTS THE FUNCTIONS
``load'',``autoload'',``load_remote'',``autoload_remote'', 'all', '','none',undef
Caveats
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Module::Load::Conditional - Looking up module information / loading at runtime

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Methods
$href = check_install( module => NAME [, version => VERSION, verbose => BOOL ] );
module, version, verbose, file, dir, version, uptodate
$bool = can_load( modules => { NAME => VERSION [,NAME => VERSION] }, [verbose => BOOL, nocache => BOOL, autoload => BOOL] )
modules, verbose, nocache, autoload
@list = requires( MODULE );
Global Variables
$Module::Load::Conditional::VERBOSE
$Module::Load::Conditional::FIND_VERSION
$Module::Load::Conditional::CHECK_INC_HASH
$Module::Load::Conditional::CACHE
$Module::Load::Conditional::ERROR
$Module::Load::Conditional::DEPRECATED
See Also
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Module::Loaded - mark modules as loaded or unloaded

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS
$bool = mark_as_loaded( PACKAGE );
$bool = mark_as_unloaded( PACKAGE );
$loc = is_loaded( PACKAGE );
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Module::Metadata - Gather package and POD information from perl module files

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CLASS METHODS
new_from_file($filename, collect_pod => 1)
new_from_handle($handle, $filename, collect_pod => 1)
new_from_module($module, collect_pod => 1, inc => \@dirs)
find_module_by_name($module, \@dirs)
find_module_dir_by_name($module, \@dirs)
provides( %options )
version (required), dir, files, prefix
package_versions_from_directory($dir, \@files?)
log_info (internal)
OBJECT METHODS
name()
version($package)
filename()
packages_inside()
pod_inside()
contains_pod()
pod($section)
is_indexable($package) or is_indexable()
SUPPORT
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

NDBM_File - Tied access to ndbm files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
"O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"
DIAGNOSTICS
ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key ... at ...
BUGS AND WARNINGS
 

NEXT - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT (et al) that allows method redispatch

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Enforcing redispatch
Avoiding repetitions
Invoking all versions of a method with a single call
Using EVERY methods
AUTHOR
BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USER METHODS
debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (), datasend ( DATA ), dataend ()
CLASS METHODS
debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( DIR, TEXT ), command ( CMD [, ARGS, ... ]), unsupported (), response (), parse_response ( TEXT ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ), rawdatasend ( DATA ), read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()
PSEUDO RESPONSES
Initial value, Connection closed, Timeout
EXPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
requires_firewall ( HOST )
NetConfig VALUES
nntp_hosts, snpp_hosts, pop3_hosts, smtp_hosts, ph_hosts, daytime_hosts, time_hosts, inet_domain, ftp_firewall, ftp_firewall_type, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, ftp_ext_passive, ftp_int_passive, local_netmask, test_hosts, test_exists
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::Domain - Attempt to evaluate the current host's internet name and domain

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
hostfqdn (), domainname (), hostname (), hostdomain ()
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::FTP - FTP Client class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW
CONSTRUCTOR
new ([ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])
METHODS
login ([LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT] ] ]), starttls (), stoptls (), prot ( LEVEL ), host (), account( ACCT ), authorize ( [AUTH [, RESP]]), site (ARGS), ascii (), binary (), type ( [ TYPE ] ), rename ( OLDNAME, NEWNAME ), delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ] ), cdup (), passive ( [ PASSIVE ] ), pwd (), restart ( WHERE ), rmdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), alloc ( SIZE [, RECORD_SIZE] ), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ), get ( REMOTE_FILE [, LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), append ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), unique_name (), mdtm ( FILE ), size ( FILE ), supported ( CMD ), hash ( [FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF],[ BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK] ), feature ( NAME ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list ( [ DIR ] ), retr ( FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe ( FILE ), port ( [ PORT ] ), eprt ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (), epsv (), pasv_xfer ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_xfer_unique ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_wait ( NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()
Methods for the adventurous
quot (CMD [,ARGS]), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()
THE dataconn CLASS
UNIMPLEMENTED
SMNT, HELP, MODE, SYST, STAT, STRU, REIN
REPORTING BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
USE EXAMPLES
http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/
CREDITS
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::NNTP - NNTP Client class

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])
METHODS
host (), starttls (), article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), body ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), head ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), articlefh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), bodyfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), headfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), nntpstat ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), group ( [ GROUP ] ), help ( ), ihave ( MSGID [, MESSAGE ]), last (), date (), postok (), authinfo ( USER, PASS ), authinfo_simple ( USER, PASS ), list (), newgroups ( SINCE [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]), newnews ( SINCE [, GROUPS [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]]), next (), post ( [ MESSAGE ] ), postfh (), slave (), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()
Extension methods
newsgroups ( [ PATTERN ] ), distributions (), distribution_patterns (), subscriptions (), overview_fmt (), active_times (), active ( [ PATTERN ] ), xgtitle ( PATTERN ), xhdr ( HEADER, MESSAGE-SPEC ), xover ( MESSAGE-SPEC ), xpath ( MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN, MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover (), listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ), reader ()
UNSUPPORTED
DEFINITIONS
MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, "[^]-]", *bdc, "[0-9a-zA-Z]", "a??d"
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
THE .netrc FILE
machine name, default, login name, password string, account string, macdef name
CONSTRUCTOR
lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])
METHODS
login (), password (), account (), lpa ()
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::POP3 - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class (RFC1939)

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )
METHODS
host (), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), user ( USER ), pass ( PASS ), login ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), starttls ( SSLARGS ), apop ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), banner (), capa (), capabilities (), top ( MSGNUM [, NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] ), getfh ( MSGNUM ), last (), popstat (), ping ( USER ), uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ), delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::Ping - check a remote host for reachability

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Functions
Net::Ping->new([$proto [, $def_timeout [, $bytes [, $device [, $tos [, $ttl ]]]]]]);, $p->ping($host [, $timeout]);, $p->source_verify( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->service_check( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->tcp_service_check( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->hires( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->bind($local_addr);, $p->open($host);, $p->ack( [ $host ] );, $p->nack( $failed_ack_host );, $p->close();, $p->port_number([$port_number]), pingecho($host [, $timeout]);
NOTES
INSTALL
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
CONSTRUCTOR
new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )
METHODS
banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), host (), etrn ( DOMAIN ), starttls ( SSLARGS ), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), auth ( SASL ), mail ( ADDRESS [, OPTIONS] ), send ( ADDRESS ), send_or_mail ( ADDRESS ), send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ), reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS, [...]] [, OPTIONS ] ), to ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), bcc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), bdat ( DATA ), bdatlast ( DATA ), expand ( ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS ), help ( [ $subject ] ), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()
ADDRESSES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::Time - time and daytime network client interface

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
inet_time ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]]), inet_daytime ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]])
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gethost*() functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
NOTE
AUTHOR
 

Net::libnetFAQ, libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Questions

DESCRIPTION
Where to get this document
How to contribute to this document
Author and Copyright Information
Disclaimer
Obtaining and installing libnet
What is libnet ?
Which version of perl do I need ?
What other modules do I need ?
What machines support libnet ?
Where can I get the latest libnet release
Using Net::FTP
How do I download files from an FTP server ?
How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP server ?
How can I change the permissions of a file on a remote server ?
Can I do a reget operation like the ftp command ?
How do I get a directory listing from an FTP server ?
Changing directory to does not fail ?
I am behind a SOCKS firewall, but the Firewall option does not work ?
I am behind an FTP proxy firewall, but cannot access machines outside ?
My ftp proxy firewall does not listen on port 21
Is it possible to change the file permissions of a file on an FTP server ?
I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it documented ?
Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods
Using Net::SMTP
Why can't the part of an Email address after the @ be used as the hostname ?
Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
The verify method always returns true ?
Debugging scripts
How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
 

Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
NOTE
AUTHOR
 

Net::protoent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getproto*() functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
AUTHOR
 

Net::servent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getserv*() functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
NOTE
AUTHOR
 

O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONVENTIONS
IMPLEMENTATION
BUGS
AUTHOR
 

Opcode - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
WARNING
Operator Names and Operator Lists
an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a negated opname or optag, an operator set (opset)
Opcode Functions
opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET), opset_to_hex (OPSET), full_opset, empty_opset, invert_opset (OPSET), verify_opset (OPSET, ...), define_optag (OPTAG, OPSET), opmask_add (OPSET), opmask, opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)
Manipulating Opsets
TO DO (maybe)
Predefined Opcode Tags
:base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig, :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read, :sys_db, :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :subprocess, :ownprocess, :others, :load, :still_to_be_decided, :dangerous
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
 

POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
FUNCTIONS
"_exit", "abort", "abs", "access", "acos", "acosh", "alarm", "asctime", "asin", "asinh", "assert", "atan", "atanh", "atan2", "atexit", "atof", "atoi", "atol", "bsearch", "calloc", "cbrt", "ceil", "chdir", "chmod", "chown", "clearerr", "clock", "close", "closedir", "cos", "cosh", "copysign", "creat", "ctermid", "ctime", "cuserid", "difftime", "div", "dup", "dup2", "erf", "erfc", "errno", "execl", "execle", "execlp", "execv", "execve", "execvp", "exit", "exp", "expm1", "fabs", "fclose", "fcntl", "fdopen", "feof", "ferror", "fflush", "fgetc", "fgetpos", "fgets", "fileno", "floor", "fdim", "fegetround", "fesetround", "fma", "fmax", "fmin", "fmod", "fopen", "fork", "fpathconf", "fpclassify", "fprintf", "fputc", "fputs", "fread", "free", "freopen", "frexp", "fscanf", "fseek", "fsetpos", "fstat", "fsync", "ftell", "fwrite", "getc", "getchar", "getcwd", "getegid", "getenv", "geteuid", "getgid", "getgrgid", "getgrnam", "getgroups", "getlogin", "getpayload", "getpgrp", "getpid", "getppid", "getpwnam", "getpwuid", "gets", "getuid", "gmtime", "hypot", "ilogb", "Inf", "isalnum", "isalpha", "isatty", "iscntrl", "isdigit", "isfinite", "isgraph", "isgreater", "isinf", "islower", "isnan", "isnormal", "isprint", "ispunct", "issignaling", "isspace", "isupper", "isxdigit", "j0", "j1", "jn", "y0", "y1", "yn", "kill", "labs", "lchown", "ldexp", "ldiv", "lgamma", "log1p", "log2", "logb", "link", "localeconv", "localtime", "log", "log10", "longjmp", "lseek", "lrint", "lround", "malloc", "mblen", "mbstowcs", "mbtowc", "memchr", "memcmp", "memcpy", "memmove", "memset", "mkdir", "mkfifo", "mktime", "modf", "NaN", "nan", "nearbyint", "nextafter", "nexttoward", "nice", "offsetof", "open", "opendir", "pathconf", "pause", "perror", "pipe", "pow", "printf", "putc", "putchar", "puts", "qsort", "raise", "rand", "read", "readdir", "realloc", "remainder", "remove", "remquo", "rename", "rewind", "rewinddir", "rint", "rmdir", "round", "scalbn", "scanf", "setgid", "setjmp", "setlocale", "setpayload", "setpayloadsig", "setpgid", "setsid", "setuid", "sigaction", "siglongjmp", "signbit", "sigpending", "sigprocmask", "sigsetjmp", "sigsuspend", "sin", "sinh", "sleep", "sprintf", "sqrt", "srand", "sscanf", "stat", "strcat", "strchr", "strcmp", "strcoll", "strcpy", "strcspn", "strerror", "strftime", "strlen", "strncat", "strncmp", "strncpy", "strpbrk", "strrchr", "strspn", "strstr", "strtod", "strtok", "strtol", "strtold", "strtoul", "strxfrm", "sysconf", "system", "tan", "tanh", "tcdrain", "tcflow", "tcflush", "tcgetpgrp", "tcsendbreak", "tcsetpgrp", "tgamma", "time", "times", "tmpfile", "tmpnam", "tolower", "toupper", "trunc", "ttyname", "tzname", "tzset", "umask", "uname", "ungetc", "unlink", "utime", "vfprintf", "vprintf", "vsprintf", "wait", "waitpid", "wcstombs", "wctomb", "write"
CLASSES
POSIX::SigAction
"new", "handler", "mask", "flags", "safe"
POSIX::SigRt
%SIGRT, "SIGRTMIN", "SIGRTMAX"
POSIX::SigSet
"new", "addset", "delset", "emptyset", "fillset", "ismember"
POSIX::Termios
"new", "getattr", "getcc", "getcflag", "getiflag", "getispeed", "getlflag", "getoflag", "getospeed", "setattr", "setcc", "setcflag", "setiflag", "setispeed", "setlflag", "setoflag", "setospeed", Baud rate values, Terminal interface values, "c_cc" field values, "c_cflag" field values, "c_iflag" field values, "c_lflag" field values, "c_oflag" field values
PATHNAME CONSTANTS
Constants
POSIX CONSTANTS
Constants
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
Constants
ERRNO
Constants
FCNTL
Constants
FLOAT
Constants
FLOATING-POINT ENVIRONMENT
Constants
LIMITS
Constants
LOCALE
Constants
MATH
Constants
SIGNAL
Constants
STAT
Constants, Macros
STDLIB
Constants
STDIO
Constants
TIME
Constants
UNISTD
Constants
WAIT
Constants, "WNOHANG", "WUNTRACED", Macros, "WIFEXITED", "WEXITSTATUS", "WIFSIGNALED", "WTERMSIG", "WIFSTOPPED", "WSTOPSIG"
WINSOCK
Constants
 

Params::Check - A generic input parsing/checking mechanism.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Template
default, required, strict_type, defined, no_override, store, allow
Functions
check( \%tmpl, \%args, [$verbose] );
Template, Arguments, Verbose
allow( $test_me, \@criteria );
string, regexp, subroutine, array ref
last_error()
Global Variables
$Params::Check::VERBOSE
$Params::Check::STRICT_TYPE
$Params::Check::ALLOW_UNKNOWN
$Params::Check::STRIP_LEADING_DASHES
$Params::Check::NO_DUPLICATES
$Params::Check::PRESERVE_CASE
$Params::Check::ONLY_ALLOW_DEFINED
$Params::Check::SANITY_CHECK_TEMPLATE
$Params::Check::WARNINGS_FATAL
$Params::Check::CALLER_DEPTH
Acknowledgements
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
 

Parse::CPAN::Meta - Parse META.yml and META.json CPAN metadata files

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
load_file
load_yaml_string
load_json_string
load_string
yaml_backend
json_backend
FUNCTIONS
Load
LoadFile
ENVIRONMENT
PERL_JSON_BACKEND
PERL_YAML_BACKEND
SUPPORT
Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code
AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Perl::OSType - Map Perl operating system names to generic types

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
os_type()
is_os_type()
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

PerlIO - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of PerlIO::* name space

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
:unix, :stdio, :perlio, :crlf, :utf8, :bytes, :raw, :pop, :win32
Custom Layers
:encoding, :mmap, :via
Alternatives to raw
Defaults and how to override them
Querying the layers of filehandles
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

PerlIO::encoding - encoding layer

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
 

PerlIO::mmap - Memory mapped IO

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
IMPLEMENTATION NOTE
 

PerlIO::scalar - in-memory IO, scalar IO

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
IMPLEMENTATION NOTE
 

PerlIO::via - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in perl

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPECTED METHODS
$class->PUSHED([$mode,[$fh]]), $obj->POPPED([$fh]), $obj->UTF8($belowFlag,[$fh]), $obj->OPEN($path,$mode,[$fh]), $obj->BINMODE([$fh]), $obj->FDOPEN($fd,[$fh]), $obj->SYSOPEN($path,$imode,$perm,[$fh]), $obj->FILENO($fh), $obj->READ($buffer,$len,$fh), $obj->WRITE($buffer,$fh), $obj->FILL($fh), $obj->CLOSE($fh), $obj->SEEK($posn,$whence,$fh), $obj->TELL($fh), $obj->UNREAD($buffer,$fh), $obj->FLUSH($fh), $obj->SETLINEBUF($fh), $obj->CLEARERR($fh), $obj->ERROR($fh), $obj->EOF($fh)
EXAMPLES
Example - a Hexadecimal Handle
 

PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint - PerlIO layer for quoted-printable strings

SYNOPSIS
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
REQUIRED MODULES
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
COPYRIGHT
 

Pod::Escapes - for resolving Pod E<...> sequences

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
GOODIES
e2char($e_content), e2charnum($e_content), $Name2character{name}, $Name2character_number{name}, $Latin1Code_to_fallback{integer}, $Latin1Char_to_fallback{character}, $Code2USASCII{integer}
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
REPOSITORY
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Find - find POD documents in directory trees

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
pod_find( { %opts } , @directories )
"-verbose => 1", "-perl => 1", "-script => 1", "-inc => 1"
simplify_name( $str )
pod_where( { %opts }, $pod )
"-inc => 1", "-dirs => [ $dir1, $dir2, ... ]", "-verbose => 1"
contains_pod( $file , $verbose )
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

Pod::Html - module to convert pod files to HTML

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS
pod2html
backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, htmldir, htmlroot, index, infile, outfile, poderrors, podpath, podroot, quiet, recurse, title, verbose
htmlify
anchorify
ENVIRONMENT
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
 

Pod::InputObjects - objects representing POD input paragraphs, commands, etc.

SYNOPSIS
REQUIRES
EXPORTS
DESCRIPTION
package Pod::InputSource, package Pod::Paragraph, package Pod::InteriorSequence, package Pod::ParseTree
Pod::InputSource
new()
name()
handle()
was_cutting()
Pod::Paragraph
Pod::Paragraph->new()
$pod_para->cmd_name()
$pod_para->text()
$pod_para->raw_text()
$pod_para->cmd_prefix()
$pod_para->cmd_separator()
$pod_para->parse_tree()
$pod_para->file_line()
Pod::InteriorSequence
Pod::InteriorSequence->new()
$pod_seq->cmd_name()
$pod_seq->prepend()
$pod_seq->append()
$pod_seq->nested()
$pod_seq->raw_text()
$pod_seq->left_delimiter()
$pod_seq->right_delimiter()
$pod_seq->parse_tree()
$pod_seq->file_line()
Pod::InteriorSequence::DESTROY()
Pod::ParseTree
Pod::ParseTree->new()
$ptree->top()
$ptree->children()
$ptree->prepend()
$ptree->append()
$ptree->raw_text()
Pod::ParseTree::DESTROY()
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
center, date, errors, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic, fixedbolditalic, name, nourls, quotes, release, section, stderr, utf8
DIAGNOSTICS
roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not ``%s'', Invalid errors setting ``%s'', Invalid quote specification ``%s'', POD document had syntax errors
ENVIRONMENT
PERL_CORE, POD_MAN_DATE, SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH
BUGS
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO
 

Pod::ParseLink - Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Pod::ParseUtils - helpers for POD parsing and conversion

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Pod::List
Pod::List->new()

$list->file()

$list->start()

$list->indent()

$list->type()

$list->rx()

$list->item()

$list->parent()

$list->tag()

Pod::Hyperlink
Pod::Hyperlink->new()

$link->parse($string)

$link->markup($string)

$link->text()

$link->warning()

$link->file(), $link->line()

$link->page()

$link->node()

$link->alttext()

$link->type()

$link->link()

Pod::Cache
Pod::Cache->new()

$cache->item()

$cache->find_page($name)

Pod::Cache::Item
Pod::Cache::Item->new()

$cacheitem->page()

$cacheitem->description()

$cacheitem->path()

$cacheitem->file()

$cacheitem->nodes()

$cacheitem->find_node($name)

$cacheitem->idx()

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

Pod::Parser - base class for creating POD filters and translators

SYNOPSIS
REQUIRES
EXPORTS
DESCRIPTION
QUICK OVERVIEW
PARSING OPTIONS
-want_nonPODs (default: unset), -process_cut_cmd (default: unset), -warnings (default: unset)
RECOMMENDED SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
command()
$cmd, $text, $line_num, $pod_para
verbatim()
$text, $line_num, $pod_para
textblock()
$text, $line_num, $pod_para
interior_sequence()
OPTIONAL SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
new()
initialize()
begin_pod()
begin_input()
end_input()
end_pod()
preprocess_line()
preprocess_paragraph()
METHODS FOR PARSING AND PROCESSING
parse_text()
-expand_seq => code-ref|method-name, -expand_text => code-ref|method-name, -expand_ptree => code-ref|method-name
interpolate()
parse_paragraph()
parse_from_filehandle()
parse_from_file()
ACCESSOR METHODS
errorsub()
cutting()
parseopts()
output_file()
output_handle()
input_file()
input_handle()
input_streams()
top_stream()
PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
_push_input_stream()
_pop_input_stream()
TREE-BASED PARSING
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE
 

Pod::Perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo - Base for Pod::Perldoc formatters

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO - Customized option parser for Pod::Perldoc

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Call Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO::getopts($object, \@ARGV, $truth), Given -n, if there's a opt_n_with, it'll call $object->opt_n_with( ARGUMENT ) (e.g., ``-n foo'' => $object->opt_n_with('foo').        Ditto ``-nfoo''), Otherwise
(given -n) if there's an opt_n, we'll call it $object->opt_n($truth) (Truth defaults to 1), Otherwise we try calling $object->handle_unknown_option('n') (and we increment the error count by the return value of it), If there's no handle_unknown_option, then we just warn, and then increment the error counter
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToANSI - render Pod with ANSI color escapes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker - let Perldoc check Pod for errors

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToMan - let Perldoc render Pod as man pages

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff - let Perldoc convert Pod to nroff

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToPod - let Perldoc render Pod as ... Pod!

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToTerm - render Pod with terminal escapes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToText - let Perldoc render Pod as plaintext

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToTk - let Perldoc use Tk::Pod to render Pod

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Perldoc::ToXml - let Perldoc render Pod as XML

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
 

Pod::PlainText - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
alt, indent, loose, sentence, width
DIAGNOSTICS
Bizarre space in item, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Unknown escape: %s, Unknown sequence: %s, Unmatched =back
RESTRICTIONS
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Select, podselect() - extract selected sections of POD from input

SYNOPSIS
REQUIRES
EXPORTS
DESCRIPTION
SECTION SPECIFICATIONS
RANGE SPECIFICATIONS
OBJECT METHODS
curr_headings()
select()
add_selection()
clear_selections()
match_section()
is_selected()
EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
podselect()
-output, -sections, -ranges
PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
_compile_section_spec()
$self->{_SECTION_HEADINGS}
$self->{_SELECTED_SECTIONS}
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
 

Pod::Simple - framework for parsing Pod

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
MAIN METHODS
"$parser = SomeClass->new();", "$parser->output_fh( *OUT );", "$parser->output_string( \$somestring );", "$parser->parse_file( $some_filename );", "$parser->parse_file( *INPUT_FH );", "$parser->parse_string_document( $all_content );", "$parser->parse_lines( ...@lines..., undef );", "$parser->content_seen", "SomeClass->filter( $filename );", "SomeClass->filter( *INPUT_FH );", "SomeClass->filter( \$document_content );"
SECONDARY METHODS
"$parser->parse_characters( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->source_filename", "$parser->doc_has_started", "$parser->source_dead", "$parser->strip_verbatim_indent( SOMEVALUE )"
TERTIARY METHODS
"$parser->abandon_output_fh()", "$parser->abandon_output_string()", "$parser->accept_code( @codes )", "$parser->accept_codes( @codes )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( @directives )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( @directives )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( @directives )", "$parser->accept_target( @targets )", "$parser->accept_target_as_text( @targets )", "$parser->accept_targets( @targets )", "$parser->accept_targets_as_text( @targets )", "$parser->any_errata_seen()", "$parser->errata_seen()", "$parser->detected_encoding()", "$parser->encoding()", "$parser->parse_from_file( $source, $to )", "$parser->scream( @error_messages )", "$parser->unaccept_code( @codes )", "$parser->unaccept_codes( @codes )", "$parser->unaccept_directive( @directives )", "$parser->unaccept_directives( @directives )", "$parser->unaccept_target( @targets )", "$parser->unaccept_targets( @targets )", "$parser->version_report()", "$parser->whine( @error_messages )"
ENCODING
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org", Gabor Szabo "szabgab@gmail.com", Shawn H Corey "SHCOREY at cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::Checker --- check the Pod syntax of a document

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::Debug --- put Pod::Simple into trace/debug mode

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
GUTS
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::DumpAsText --- dump Pod-parsing events as text

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML --- turn Pod into XML

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::HTML - convert Pod to HTML

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CALLING FROM THE COMMAND LINE
CALLING FROM PERL
Minimal code
More detailed example
METHODS
html_css
html_javascript
title_prefix
title_postfix
html_header_before_title
top_anchor
html_h_level
index
html_header_after_title
html_footer
SUBCLASSING
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch - convert several Pod files to several HTML files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FROM THE COMMAND LINE
MAIN METHODS
$batchconv = Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch->new;, $batchconv->batch_convert( indirs, outdir );, $batchconv->batch_convert( undef , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( q{@INC}, ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( \@dirs , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( ``somedir'' , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( 'somedir:someother:also' , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , undef );, $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , 'somedir' );
ACCESSOR METHODS
$batchconv->verbose( nonnegative_integer );, $batchconv->index( true-or-false );, $batchconv->contents_file( filename );, $batchconv->contents_page_start( HTML_string );, $batchconv->contents_page_end( HTML_string );, $batchconv->add_css( $url );, $batchconv->add_javascript( $url );, $batchconv->css_flurry( true-or-false );, $batchconv->javascript_flurry( true-or-false );, $batchconv->no_contents_links( true-or-false );, $batchconv->html_render_class( classname );, $batchconv->search_class( classname );
NOTES ON CUSTOMIZATION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::LinkSection --- represent section attributes of L codes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::Methody --- turn Pod::Simple events into method calls

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHOD CALLING
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::PullParser --- a pull-parser interface to parsing Pod

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
my $token = $parser->get_token, $parser->unget_token( $token ), $parser->unget_token( $token1, $token2, ... ), $parser->set_source( $filename ), $parser->set_source( $filehandle_object ), $parser->set_source( \$document_source ), $parser->set_source( \@document_lines ), $parser->parse_file(...), $parser->parse_string_document(...), $parser->filter(...), $parser->parse_from_file(...), my $title_string = $parser->get_title, my $title_string = $parser->get_short_title, $author_name   =
$parser->get_author, $description_name = $parser->get_description, $version_block = $parser->get_version
NOTE
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken --- end-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...), $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring)
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken --- start-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...), $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring), $token->attr(attrname), $token->attr(attrname, newvalue), $token->attr_hash
SEE ALSO
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken --- text-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$token->text, $token->text(somestring), $token->text_r()
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::PullParserToken --- tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
$token->type, $token->is_start, $token->is_text, $token->is_end, $token->dump
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::RTF --- format Pod as RTF

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT CONTROL ATTRIBUTES
$parser->head1_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->head2_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->head3_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->head4_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->codeblock_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->header_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->normal_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->no_proofing_exemptions( true_or_false );, $parser->doc_lang( microsoft_decimal_language_code )
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::Search - find POD documents in directory trees

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
ACCESSORS
$search->inc( true-or-false );, $search->verbose( nonnegative-number );, $search->limit_glob( some-glob-string );, $search->callback( \&some_routine );, $search->laborious( true-or-false );, $search->recurse( true-or-false );, $search->shadows( true-or-false );, $search->limit_re( some-regxp );, $search->dir_prefix( some-string-value );, $search->progress( some-progress-object );, $name2path = $self->name2path;, $path2name = $self->path2name;
MAIN SEARCH METHODS
$search->survey( @directories )
"name2path", "path2name"
$search->simplify_name( $str )
$search->find( $pod )
$search->find( $pod, @search_dirs )
$self->contains_pod( $file )
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::SimpleTree --- parse Pod into a simple parse tree

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
Tree Contents
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::Subclassing --- write a formatter as a Pod::Simple subclass

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Pod::Simple, Pod::Simple::Methody, Pod::Simple::PullParser, Pod::Simple::SimpleTree
Events
"$parser->_handle_element_start( element_name, attr_hashref )", "$parser->_handle_element_end( element_name )", "$parser->_handle_text(        text_string     )", events with an element_name
of Document, events with an element_name of Para, events with an element_name of B, C, F, or I, events with an element_name of S, events with an element_name of X, events with an element_name of L, events with an element_name of E or Z, events with an element_name of Verbatim, events with an element_name of head1 .. head4, events with an element_name of encoding, events with an element_name of over-bullet, events with an element_name of over-number, events with an element_name of over-text, events with an element_name of over-block, events with an element_name of over-empty, events with an element_name of item-bullet, events with an element_name of item-number, events with an element_name of item-text, events with an element_name of for, events with an element_name of Data
More Pod::Simple Methods
"$parser->accept_targets( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->accept_targets_as_text( SOMEVALUE  )", "$parser->accept_codes( Codename, Codename... )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( directive_name )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( directive_name )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( directive_name )", "$parser->nbsp_for_S( BOOLEAN );", "$parser->version_report()",
"$parser->pod_para_count()", "$parser->line_count()", "$parser->nix_X_codes( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->keep_encoding_directive( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->merge_text( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->code_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->cut_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->pod_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->whiteline_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->whine( linenumber, complaint string )", "$parser->scream( linenumber, complaint string )", "$parser->source_dead(1)", "$parser->hide_line_numbers( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->bare_output( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->preserve_whitespace( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->parse_empty_lists( SOMEVALUE )"
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::Text --- format Pod as plaintext

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::TextContent --- get the text content of Pod

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::XHTML --- format Pod as validating XHTML

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Minimal code
METHODS
perldoc_url_prefix
perldoc_url_postfix
man_url_prefix
man_url_postfix
title_prefix, title_postfix
html_css
html_javascript
html_doctype
html_charset
html_header_tags
html_h_level
default_title
force_title
html_header, html_footer
index
anchor_items
backlink
SUBCLASSING
handle_text
handle_code
accept_targets_as_html
resolve_pod_page_link
resolve_man_page_link
idify
batch_mode_page_object_init
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream --- turn Pod into XML

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
ABOUT EXTENDING POD
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR
Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"
 

Pod::Text - Convert POD data to formatted text

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
alt, code, errors, indent, loose, margin, nourls, quotes, sentence, stderr, utf8, width
DIAGNOSTICS
Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Invalid errors setting ``%s'', Invalid quote specification ``%s'', POD document had syntax errors
BUGS
CAVEATS
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Pod::Text::Color - Convert POD data to formatted color ASCII text

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Pod::Text::Overstrike, =for stopwords overstrike

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Pod::Text::Termcap - Convert POD data to ASCII text with format escapes

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ENVIRONMENT
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 

Pod::Usage - print a usage message from embedded pod documentation

SYNOPSIS
ARGUMENTS
"-message" string, "-msg" string, "-exitval" value, "-verbose" value, "-sections" spec, "-output" handle, "-input" handle, "-pathlist" string, "-noperldoc", "-perlcmd", "-perldoc" path-to-perldoc, "-perldocopt" string
Formatting base class
Pass-through options
DESCRIPTION
Scripts
EXAMPLES
Recommended Use
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
SEE ALSO
 

SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Tie
EXPORTS
DIAGNOSTICS
sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key ... at ...
BUGS AND WARNINGS
 

Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
a new namespace, an operator mask
WARNING
METHODS
permit (OP, ...)
permit_only (OP, ...)
deny (OP, ...)
deny_only (OP, ...)
trap (OP, ...), untrap (OP, ...)
share (NAME, ...)
share_from (PACKAGE, ARRAYREF)
varglob (VARNAME)
reval (STRING, STRICT)
rdo (FILENAME)
root (NAMESPACE)
mask (MASK)
wrap_code_ref (CODEREF)
wrap_code_refs_within (...)
RISKS
Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes
AUTHOR
 

Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS FOR REFERENCES
blessed
refaddr
reftype
weaken
unweaken
isweak
OTHER FUNCTIONS
dualvar
isdual
isvstring
looks_like_number
openhandle
readonly
set_prototype
tainted
DIAGNOSTICS
Weak references are not implemented in the version of perl, Vstrings are not implemented in the version of perl, "NAME" is only available with the XS version of Scalar::Util
KNOWN BUGS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
 

Search::Dict - look - search for key in dictionary file

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

SelectSaver - save and restore selected file handle

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
 

SelfLoader - load functions only on demand

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
The __DATA__ token
SelfLoader autoloading
Autoloading and package lexicals
SelfLoader and AutoLoader
__DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
Classes and inherited methods.
Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
a), b)
 

Socket, Socket - networking constants and support functions

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTANTS
PF_INET, PF_INET6, PF_UNIX, ...
AF_INET, AF_INET6, AF_UNIX, ...
SOCK_STREAM, SOCK_DGRAM, SOCK_RAW, ...
SOCK_NONBLOCK. SOCK_CLOEXEC
SOL_SOCKET
SO_ACCEPTCONN, SO_BROADCAST, SO_ERROR, ...
IP_OPTIONS, IP_TOS, IP_TTL, ...
IPTOS_LOWDELAY, IPTOS_THROUGHPUT, IPTOS_RELIABILITY, ...
MSG_BCAST, MSG_OOB, MSG_TRUNC, ...
SHUT_RD, SHUT_RDWR, SHUT_WR
INADDR_ANY, INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOPBACK, INADDR_NONE
IPPROTO_IP, IPPROTO_IPV6, IPPROTO_TCP, ...
TCP_CORK, TCP_KEEPALIVE, TCP_NODELAY, ...
IN6ADDR_ANY, IN6ADDR_LOOPBACK
IPV6_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, IPV6_MTU, IPV6_V6ONLY, ...
STRUCTURE MANIPULATORS
$family = sockaddr_family $sockaddr
$sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_in $port, $ip_address
($port, $ip_address) = unpack_sockaddr_in $sockaddr
$sockaddr = sockaddr_in $port, $ip_address
($port, $ip_address) = sockaddr_in $sockaddr
$sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_in6 $port, $ip6_address, [$scope_id, [$flowinfo]]
($port, $ip6_address, $scope_id, $flowinfo) = unpack_sockaddr_in6 $sockaddr
$sockaddr = sockaddr_in6 $port, $ip6_address, [$scope_id, [$flowinfo]]
($port, $ip6_address, $scope_id, $flowinfo) = sockaddr_in6 $sockaddr
$sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_un $path
($path) = unpack_sockaddr_un $sockaddr
$sockaddr = sockaddr_un $path
($path) = sockaddr_un $sockaddr
$ip_mreq = pack_ip_mreq $multiaddr, $interface
($multiaddr, $interface) = unpack_ip_mreq $ip_mreq
$ip_mreq_source = pack_ip_mreq_source $multiaddr, $source, $interface
($multiaddr, $source, $interface) = unpack_ip_mreq_source $ip_mreq
$ipv6_mreq = pack_ipv6_mreq $multiaddr6, $ifindex
($multiaddr6, $ifindex) = unpack_ipv6_mreq $ipv6_mreq
FUNCTIONS
$ip_address = inet_aton $string
$string = inet_ntoa $ip_address
$address = inet_pton $family, $string
$string = inet_ntop $family, $address
($err, @result) = getaddrinfo $host, $service, [$hints]
flags => INT, family => INT, socktype => INT, protocol => INT, family => INT, socktype => INT, protocol => INT, addr => STRING, canonname => STRING, AI_PASSIVE, AI_CANONNAME, AI_NUMERICHOST
($err, $hostname, $servicename) = getnameinfo $sockaddr, [$flags, [$xflags]]
NI_NUMERICHOST, NI_NUMERICSERV, NI_NAMEREQD, NI_DGRAM, NIx_NOHOST, NIx_NOSERV
getaddrinfo() / getnameinfo() ERROR CONSTANTS
EAI_AGAIN, EAI_BADFLAGS, EAI_FAMILY, EAI_NODATA, EAI_NONAME, EAI_SERVICE
EXAMPLES
Lookup for connect()
Making a human-readable string out of an address
Resolving hostnames into IP addresses
Accessing socket options
AUTHOR
 

Storable - persistence for Perl data structures

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
MEMORY STORE
ADVISORY LOCKING
SPEED
CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
CODE REFERENCES
FORWARD COMPATIBILITY
utf8 data, restricted hashes, files from future versions of Storable
ERROR REPORTING
WIZARDS ONLY
Hooks
"STORABLE_freeze" obj, cloning, "STORABLE_thaw" obj, cloning, serialized, .., "STORABLE_attach" class, cloning, serialized
Predicates
"Storable::last_op_in_netorder", "Storable::is_storing", "Storable::is_retrieving"
Recursion
Deep Cloning
Storable magic
$info = Storable::file_magic( $filename ), "version", "version_nv", "major", "minor", "hdrsize", "netorder", "byteorder", "intsize", "longsize", "ptrsize", "nvsize", "file", $info = Storable::read_magic( $buffer ), $info = Storable::read_magic( $buffer, $must_be_file )
EXAMPLES
SECURITY WARNING
WARNING
BUGS
64 bit data in perl 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
CREDITS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
 

Sub::Util - A selection of utility subroutines for subs and CODE references

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS
prototype
set_prototype
subname
set_subname
AUTHOR
 

Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
 

Sys::Hostname - Try every conceivable way to get hostname

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
 

Sys::Syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTS
FUNCTIONS
openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility), syslog($priority, $message), syslog($priority, $format, @args), Note, setlogmask($mask_priority), setlogsock(), Note, closelog()
THE RULES OF SYS::SYSLOG
EXAMPLES
CONSTANTS
Facilities
Levels
DIAGNOSTICS
"Invalid argument passed to setlogsock", "eventlog passed to setlogsock, but no Win32 API available", "no connection to syslog available", "stream passed to setlogsock, but %s is not writable", "stream passed to setlogsock, but could not find any device", "tcp passed to setlogsock, but tcp service unavailable", "syslog: expecting argument %s", "syslog: invalid level/facility: %s", "syslog: too many levels given: %s", "syslog: too many facilities given: %s", "syslog: level must be given", "udp passed to setlogsock, but udp service unavailable", "unix passed to setlogsock, but path not available"
HISTORY
SEE ALSO
Other modules
Manual Pages
RFCs
Articles
Event Log
AUTHORS & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
BUGS
SUPPORT
AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN's request tracker, Search CPAN, MetaCPAN, Perl Documentation
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE
 

TAP::Base - Base class that provides common functionality to TAP::Parser and TAP::Harness

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
Class Methods
 

TAP::Formatter::Base - Base class for harness output delegates

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
"verbosity", "verbose", "timer", "failures", "comments", "quiet", "really_quiet", "silent", "errors", "directives", "stdout", "color", "jobs", "show_count"
 

TAP::Formatter::Color - Run Perl test scripts with color

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
 

TAP::Formatter::Console - Harness output delegate for default console output

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
open_test
 

TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession - Harness output delegate for parallel console output

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
 

TAP::Formatter::Console::Session - Harness output delegate for default console output

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
clear_for_close
close_test
header
result
 

TAP::Formatter::File - Harness output delegate for file output

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
open_test
 

TAP::Formatter::File::Session - Harness output delegate for file output

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
result
close_test
 

TAP::Formatter::Session - Abstract base class for harness output delegate

VERSION
METHODS
Class Methods
"formatter", "parser", "name", "show_count"
 

TAP::Harness - Run test scripts with statistics

VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS
Class Methods
"verbosity", "timer", "failures", "comments", "show_count", "normalize", "lib", "switches", "test_args", "color", "exec", "merge", "sources", "aggregator_class", "version", "formatter_class", "multiplexer_class", "parser_class", "scheduler_class", "formatter", "errors", "directives", "ignore_exit", "jobs", "rules", "rulesfiles", "stdout", "trap"
Instance Methods

the source name of a test to run, a reference to a [ source name, display name ] array

CONFIGURING
Plugins
Module::Build
ExtUtils::MakeMaker
prove
WRITING PLUGINS
Customize how TAP gets into the parser, Customize how TAP results are output from the parser
SUBCLASSING
Methods
``new'', ``runtests'', ``summary''
REPLACING
SEE ALSO
 

TAP::Harness::Beyond, Test::Harness::Beyond - Beyond make test

Beyond make test
Saved State
Parallel Testing
Non-Perl Tests
Mixing it up
Rolling My Own
Deeper Customisation
Callbacks
Parsing TAP
Getting Support
 

TAP::Harness::Env - Parsing harness related environmental variables where appropriate

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
create( \%args )
ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES
"HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES", "HARNESS_VERBOSE", "HARNESS_SUBCLASS", "HARNESS_OPTIONS", "j<n>", "c", "a<file.tgz>", "fPackage-With-Dashes", "HARNESS_TIMER", "HARNESS_COLOR", "HARNESS_IGNORE_EXIT"
 

TAP::Object - Base class that provides common functionality to all TAP::* modules

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
Class Methods
Instance Methods
 

TAP::Parser - Parse TAP output

VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
Class Methods
"source", "tap", "exec", "sources", "callback", "switches", "test_args", "spool", "merge", "grammar_class", "result_factory_class", "iterator_factory_class"
Instance Methods
INDIVIDUAL RESULTS
Result types
Version, Plan, Pragma, Test, Comment, Bailout, Unknown
Common type methods
plan methods
pragma methods
comment methods
bailout methods
unknown methods
test methods
TOTAL RESULTS
Individual Results
Pragmas
Summary Results
ignore_exit

Misplaced plan, No plan, More than one plan, Test numbers out of sequence

CALLBACKS
"test", "version", "plan", "comment", "bailout", "yaml", "unknown", "ELSE", "ALL", "EOF"
TAP GRAMMAR
BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY
Differences
TODO plans, 'Missing' tests
SUBCLASSING
Parser Components
option 1, option 2
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Michael Schwern, Andy Lester, chromatic, GEOFFR, Shlomi Fish, Torsten Schoenfeld, Jerry Gay, Aristotle, Adam Kennedy, Yves Orton, Adrian Howard, Sean & Lil, Andreas J. Koenig, Florian Ragwitz, Corion, Mark Stosberg, Matt Kraai, David Wheeler, Alex Vandiver, Cosimo Streppone, Ville Skytta.
AUTHORS
BUGS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE
 

TAP::Parser::Aggregator - Aggregate TAP::Parser results

VERSION
SYNOPSIS