from small one page howto to huge articles all in one place

search text in:

Which screen resolution do you use?

poll results

Last additions:
using iotop to find disk usage hogs

using iotop to find disk usage hogs






average rating: 1.7 (84 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)

May 25th. 2007:




why adblockers are bad

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels

Workaround and fixes for the current Core Dump Handling vulnerability affected kernels






average rating: 1.3 (28 votes) (1=very good 6=terrible)

April, 26th. 2006:

You are here: manpages


Section: Linux (8)
Updated: 16 Jan 2013
Index Return to Main Contents


ip-netns - process network namespace management  


ip [ OPTIONS ] netns { COMMAND | help }

ip netns { list }

ip netns add NETNSNAME

ip [-all] netns del [ NETNSNAME ]

ip netns identify [ PID ]

ip netns pids NETNSNAME

ip [-all] netns exec [ NETNSNAME ] command...

ip netns monitor



A network namespace is logically another copy of the network stack, with its own routes, firewall rules, and network devices.

By convention a named network namespace is an object at /run/netns/NAME that can be opened. The file descriptor resulting from opening /run/netns/NAME refers to the specified network namespace. Holding that file descriptor open keeps the network namespace alive. The file descriptor can be used with the setns(2) system call to change the network namespace associated with a task.

For applications that are aware of network namespaces, the convention is to look for global network configuration files first in /etc/netns/NAME/ then in /etc/. For example, if you want a different version of /etc/resolv.conf for a network namespace used to isolate your vpn you would name it /etc/netns/myvpn/resolv.conf.

ip netns exec automates handling of this configuration, file convention for network namespace unaware applications, by creating a mount namespace and bind mounting all of the per network namespace configure files into their traditional location in /etc.

ip netns list - show all of the named network namespaces

This command displays all of the network namespaces in /run/netns

ip netns add NAME - create a new named network namespace

If NAME is available in /run/netns/ this command creates a new network namespace and assigns NAME.

ip [-all] netns delete [ NAME ] - delete the name of a network namespace(s)

If NAME is present in /run/netns it is umounted and the mount point is removed. If this is the last user of the network namespace the network namespace will be freed, otherwise the network namespace persists until it has no more users. ip netns delete may fail if the mount point is in use in another mount namespace.

If -all option was specified then all the network namespace names will be removed.

ip netns identify [PID] - Report network namespaces names for process

This command walks through /run/netns and finds all the network namespace names for network namespace of the specified process, if PID is not specified then the current process will be used.

ip netns pids NAME - Report processes in the named network namespace

This command walks through proc and finds all of the process who have the named network namespace as their primary network namespace.

ip [-all] netns exec [ NAME ] cmd ... - Run cmd in the named network namespace

This command allows applications that are network namespace unaware to be run in something other than the default network namespace with all of the configuration for the specified network namespace appearing in the customary global locations. A network namespace and bind mounts are used to move files from their network namespace specific location to their default locations without affecting other processes.

If -all option was specified then cmd will be executed synchronously on the each named network namespace even if cmd fails on some of them. Network namespace name is printed on each cmd executing.

ip netns monitor - Report as network namespace names are added and deleted

This command watches network namespace name addition and deletion events and prints a line for each event it sees.



ip netns list

Shows the list of current named network namespaces

ip netns add vpn

Creates a network namespace and names it vpn

ip netns exec vpn ip link set lo up

Bring up the loopback interface in the vpn network namespace.






Original Manpage by Eric W. Biederman




Please read "Why adblockers are bad".

Other free services
Shorten long
URLs to short
links like
Reverse DNS lookup
Find out which hostname(s)
resolve to a
given IP or other hostnames for the server
rdf newsfeed | rss newsfeed | Atom newsfeed
- Powered by LeopardCMS - Running on Gentoo -
Copyright 2004-2017 Sascha Nitsch Unternehmensberatung UG(haftungsbeschränkt)
Valid XHTML1.1 : Valid CSS : buttonmaker
- Level Triple-A Conformance to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 -
- Copyright and legal notices -
Time to create this page: 3.9 ms