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You are here: manpages





RTIME

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2015-03-02
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

rtime - get time from a remote machine  

SYNOPSIS

#include <rpc/auth_des.h>

int rtime(struct sockaddr_in *addrp, struct rpc_timeval *timep,
          struct rpc_timeval *timeout);
 

DESCRIPTION

This function uses the Time Server Protocol as described in RFC 868 to obtain the time from a remote machine.

The Time Server Protocol gives the time in seconds since 00:00:00 UTC, 1 Jan 1900, and this function subtracts the appropriate constant in order to convert the result to seconds since the Epoch, 1970-01-01 00:00:00 +0000 (UTC).

When timeout is non-NULL, the udp/time socket (port 37) is used. Otherwise, the tcp/time socket (port 37) is used.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, 0 is returned, and the obtained 32-bit time value is stored in timep->tv_sec. In case of error -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

ERRORS

All errors for underlying functions (sendto(2), poll(2), recvfrom(2), connect(2), read(2)) can occur. Moreover:
EIO
The number of returned bytes is not 4.
ETIMEDOUT
The waiting time as defined in timeout has expired.
 

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
InterfaceAttributeValue
rtime() Thread safetyMT-Safe
 

NOTES

Only IPv4 is supported.

Some in.timed versions support only TCP. Try the example program with use_tcp set to 1.

Libc5 uses the prototype


    int rtime(struct sockaddr_in *, struct timeval *, struct timeval *);

and requires <sys/time.h> instead of <rpc/auth_des.h>.  

BUGS

rtime() in glibc 2.2.5 and earlier does not work properly on 64-bit machines.  

EXAMPLE

This example requires that port 37 is up and open. You may check that the time entry within /etc/inetd.conf is not commented out.

The program connects to a computer called "linux". Using "localhost" does not work. The result is the localtime of the computer "linux".

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <rpc/auth_des.h>
#include <netdb.h>

static int use_tcp = 0;
static char *servername = "linux";

int
main(void)
{
    struct sockaddr_in name;
    struct rpc_timeval time1 = {0,0};
    struct rpc_timeval timeout = {1,0};
    struct hostent *hent;
    int ret;

    memset(&name, 0, sizeof(name));
    sethostent(1);
    hent = gethostbyname(servername);
    memcpy(&name.sin_addr, hent->h_addr, hent->h_length);

    ret = rtime(&name, &time1, use_tcp ? NULL : &timeout);
    if (ret < 0)
        perror("rtime error");
    else {
        time_t t = time1.tv_sec;
        printf("%s\n", ctime(&t));
    }

    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
 

SEE ALSO

ntpdate(1), inetd(8)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.81 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
ATTRIBUTES
NOTES
BUGS
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON


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