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CURLOPT_PINNEDPUBLICKEY

Section: curl_easy_setopt options (3)
Updated: April 17, 2017
Index Return to Main Contents

 

NAME

CURLOPT_PINNEDPUBLICKEY - set pinned public key  

SYNOPSIS

#include <curl/curl.h>

CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_PINNEDPUBLICKEY, char *pinnedpubkey);  

DESCRIPTION

Pass a pointer to a zero terminated string as parameter. The string can be the file name of your pinned public key. The file format expected is "PEM" or "DER". The string can also be any number of base64 encoded sha256 hashes preceded by "sha256//" and separated by ";"

When negotiating a TLS or SSL connection, the server sends a certificate indicating its identity. A public key is extracted from this certificate and if it does not exactly match the public key provided to this option, curl will abort the connection before sending or receiving any data.

On mismatch, CURLE_SSL_PINNEDPUBKEYNOTMATCH is returned.

The application does not have to keep the string around after setting this option.  

DEFAULT

NULL  

PROTOCOLS

All TLS based protocols: HTTPS, FTPS, IMAPS, POP3S, SMTPS etc.  

EXAMPLE

CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();
if(curl) {
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "https://example.com");
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_PINNEDPUBLICKEY, "/etc/publickey.der");
  /* OR
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_PINNEDPUBLICKEY, "sha256//YhKJKSzoTt2b5FP18fvpHo7fJYqQCjAa3HWY3tvRMwE=;sha256//t62CeU2tQiqkexU74Gxa2eg7fRbEgoChTociMee9wno=");
  */

  /* Perform the request */
  curl_easy_perform(curl);
}
 

PUBLIC KEY EXTRACTION

If you do not have the server's public key file you can extract it from the server's certificate.
# retrieve the server's certificate if you don't already have it
#
# be sure to examine the certificate to see if it is what you expected
#
# Windows-specific:
# - Use NUL instead of /dev/null.
# - OpenSSL may wait for input instead of disconnecting. Hit enter.
# - If you don't have sed, then just copy the certificate into a file:
#   Lines from -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- to -----END CERTIFICATE-----.
#
openssl s_client -servername www.example.com -connect www.example.com:443 < /dev/null | sed -n "/-----BEGIN/,/-----END/p" > www.example.com.pem

# extract public key in pem format from certificate
openssl x509 -in www.example.com.pem -pubkey -noout > www.example.com.pubkey.pem

# convert public key from pem to der
openssl asn1parse -noout -inform pem -in www.example.com.pubkey.pem -out www.example.com.pubkey.der

# sha256 hash and base64 encode der to string for use
openssl dgst -sha256 -binary www.example.com.pubkey.der | openssl base64
The public key in PEM format contains a header, base64 data and a footer:
-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
[BASE 64 DATA]
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----
 

AVAILABILITY

PEM/DER support:


  7.39.0: OpenSSL, GnuTLS and GSKit


  7.43.0: NSS and wolfSSL/CyaSSL


  7.47.0: mbedtls


  7.49.0: PolarSSL


  7.54.1: SecureTransport/DarwinSSL on macOS 10.7+/iOS 10+

sha256 support:


  7.44.0: OpenSSL, GnuTLS, NSS and wolfSSL/CyaSSL


  7.47.0: mbedtls


  7.49.0: PolarSSL


  7.54.1: SecureTransport/DarwinSSL on macOS 10.7+/iOS 10+

Other SSL backends not supported.  

RETURN VALUE

Returns CURLE_OK if TLS enabled, CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION if not, or CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY if there was insufficient heap space.  

SEE ALSO

CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER(3), CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST(3), CURLOPT_CAINFO(3), CURLOPT_CAPATH(3),


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DEFAULT
PROTOCOLS
EXAMPLE
PUBLIC KEY EXTRACTION
AVAILABILITY
RETURN VALUE
SEE ALSO





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